Blood Types

4,063 views
4,027 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,063
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1,103
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
129
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Blood Types

  1. 1. BLOOD TYPESAn Example of Inheritancewith Multiple AllelesModule 10 – GeneticsEssential Standard Bio.3.2.2
  2. 2. BLOOD TYPES The ABO blood group is an example of a single gene that has multiple alleles in humans. Multiple Alleles = more than 2 forms of the gene. There are 3 possible alleles for this gene:  A, B, and o. Remember that each person only has 2 alleles. A and B are codominant, and o is recessive.
  3. 3. BLOOD TYPES A and B are 2 different molecules found on the outside of red blood cells. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/traits/blood/
  4. 4. BLOOD TYPE CHART Blood Type Surface Alleles (Phenotype) Molecules (Genotype) Type A Type B Type AB Type O
  5. 5. BLOOD TYPE CHART Blood Type Surface Alleles (Phenotype) Molecules (Genotype) Type A A Type B Type AB Type O
  6. 6. BLOOD TYPE CHART Blood Type Surface Alleles (Phenotype) Molecules (Genotype) Type A A Type B B Type AB Type O
  7. 7. BLOOD TYPE CHART Blood Type Surface Alleles (Phenotype) Molecules (Genotype) Type A A Type B B Type AB A and B Type O
  8. 8. BLOOD TYPE CHART Blood Type Surface Alleles (Phenotype) Molecules (Genotype) Type A A Type B B Type AB A and B Type O None
  9. 9. BLOOD TYPE CHART Blood Type Surface Alleles (Phenotype) Molecules (Genotype) Type A A AA or Ao Type B B Type AB A and B Type O None
  10. 10. BLOOD TYPE CHART Blood Type Surface Alleles (Phenotype) Molecules (Genotype) Type A A AA or Ao Type B B BB or Bo Type AB A and B Type O None
  11. 11. BLOOD TYPE CHART Blood Type Surface Alleles (Phenotype) Molecules (Genotype) Type A A AA or Ao Type B B BB or Bo Type AB A and B AB Type O None
  12. 12. BLOOD TYPE CHART Blood Type Surface Alleles (Phenotype) Molecules (Genotype) Type A A AA or Ao Type B B BB or Bo Type AB A and B AB Type O None oo
  13. 13. BLOOD TYPESDoctors need to determine blood type before a person can get a blood transfusion because the red blood cells of incompatible blood types could clump together, causing death.
  14. 14. BLOOD COMPATIBILITY CHARTBlood Type (Phenotype) Type A Type B Type AB Type O
  15. 15. BLOOD COMPATIBILITY CHART Compatible BloodBlood Type (Phenotype) Types for Transfusions Type A Type B Type AB Type O
  16. 16. BLOOD COMPATIBILITY CHART Compatible BloodBlood Type (Phenotype) Types for Transfusions Type A Type A or Type O Type B Type AB Type O
  17. 17. BLOOD COMPATIBILITY CHART Compatible BloodBlood Type (Phenotype) Types for Transfusions Type A Type A or Type O Type B Type B or Type O Type AB Type O
  18. 18. BLOOD COMPATIBILITY CHART Compatible BloodBlood Type (Phenotype) Types for Transfusions Type A Type A or Type O Type B Type B or Type O Type AB, Type A, Type B, Type AB or Type O (Universal Recipient) Type O
  19. 19. BLOOD COMPATIBILITY CHART Compatible BloodBlood Type (Phenotype) Types for Transfusions Type A Type A or Type O Type B Type B or Type O Type AB, Type A, Type B, Type AB or Type O (Universal Recipient) Type O Type O (Universal Donor)
  20. 20. EXAMPLE PROBLEM #1 Mom has blood type B and Dad has blood type AB. What is the chance their child will have blood type B?
  21. 21. EXAMPLE PROBLEM #1 Mom has blood type B and Dad has blood type AB. What is the chance their child will have blood type B? ADad B
  22. 22. EXAMPLE PROBLEM #1 Mom has blood type B and Dad has blood type AB. What is the chance their child will have blood type B? Mom B ? ADad B
  23. 23. EXAMPLE PROBLEM #1 Mom has blood type B and Dad has blood type AB. What is the chance their child will have blood type B? Mom B ? A ADad B
  24. 24. EXAMPLE PROBLEM #1 Mom has blood type B and Dad has blood type AB. What is the chance their child will have blood type B? Mom B ? A ABDad B
  25. 25. EXAMPLE PROBLEM #1 Mom has blood type B and Dad has blood type AB. What is the chance their child will have blood type B? Mom B ? A ABDad B B
  26. 26. EXAMPLE PROBLEM #1 Mom has blood type B and Dad has blood type AB. What is the chance their child will have blood type B? Mom B ? A ABDad B BB
  27. 27. EXAMPLE PROBLEM #1 Mom has blood type B and Dad has blood type AB. What is the chance their child will have blood type B? Mom B ? A AB ADad B BB
  28. 28. EXAMPLE PROBLEM #1 Mom has blood type B and Dad has blood type AB. What is the chance their child will have blood type B? Mom B ? A AB A?Dad B BB
  29. 29. EXAMPLE PROBLEM #1 Mom has blood type B and Dad has blood type AB. What is the chance their child will have blood type B? Mom B ? A AB A?Dad B BB B
  30. 30. EXAMPLE PROBLEM #1 Mom has blood type B and Dad has blood type AB. What is the chance their child will have blood type B? Mom B ? A AB A?Dad B BB B?
  31. 31. EXAMPLE PROBLEM #1 Mom has blood type B and Dad has blood type AB. What is the chance their child will have blood type B? Mom B ? A AB A? ½ chance ofDad type B B BB B?
  32. 32. EXAMPLE PROBLEM #2 Mom has blood type A and her child has blood type B. Could the father have blood type O?
  33. 33. EXAMPLE PROBLEM #2 Mom has blood type A and her child has blood type B. Could the father have blood type O? The answer is NO. The child had to have inherited the B allele from their real father; the type O man just has oo so he could not be the father.
  34. 34. EXAMPLE PROBLEM #2 Mom has blood type A and her child has blood type B. Could the father have blood type O? The answer is NO. The child had to have inherited the B allele from their real father; the type O man just has oo so he could not be the father. This example comes from a true case in the 1940s involving the film star Charlie Chaplin. http://www.cosmomovieawards.com/actors/charlie_chaplin.html

×