Rethinking theAtonementBeyond the Depraved Doctrine of Original Sin
Original Sin• Genesis 3• Romans 5:12-21• 1 Corinthians 15:22
Original Sin• everyone is bornsinful• everyone iscondemned becauseof that sin• it is a condition, notsomething you do
Original Sin• destroys allfreedom• concupiscence• total depravity
Original Sin• Irenaeus• Augustine• Luther• Calvin
The Big Question:How much freedom dohuman beings have?How much freedom do
Jesus’ Ambivalence:John 9:1-12John 9:1-12
What happens if youabandon Original Sin?The Crucifixionbecomes a solution insearch of a problem.
Versions of theAtonement
Three FamiliesExample SatisfactionVictory
SatisfactionHuman sin defrauds God ofthe honor he is due; Christ’sinfinite merit redeems thathonor.Hebrews 10:10
PenalSubstitutionJesus takes on thepunishment that is deservedby human sin.Romans 3:23-36
MoralExemplarJesus life — and crucifixion— set an example for allhumankind.John 15:13
RecapitulationChrist succeeded whereAdam failed — and he thusunites all of humankind withGod.Romans 5:18-19
RansomCaptiveSin delivered humanity intoSatan’s hands; God gaveJesus in a swap.Mark 10:45
ChristusVictorIn Jesus’ death, Godconquered all the powers ofevil.Hebrews 2:14
LastScapegoatJesus’ death shows thebankruptcy of the sacrificialsystem.Hebrews 10:1-4
DivineUnionUnionOn the cross, God showsultimate solidarity with thehuman experience ofgodforsakennessMatthew 27:46
SatisfactionPenal SubstitutionMoral ExemplarRecapitulationRansom CaptiveChristus VictorLast Scapegoat
Find me hereWebsite: tonyj.netBlog: patheos.com/blogs/tonyjonesTwitter: @jonestonyFacebook: facebook.com/jonestony
Atonement
Atonement
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Atonement

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A presentation given by Tony Jones at the 2012 National Youth Workers Convention.

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  • Irenaeus: fighting gnostics Augustine: all of humanity was present when Adam sinned; all are guilty; unbaptized infants go to hell Luther: with Augustine, sin and guilt are inherited at conception Calvin: “Original sin, therefore, seems to be a hereditary depravity and corruption of our nature, diffused into all parts of the soul, which first makes us liable to God's wrath”
  • Atonement

    1. 1. Rethinking theAtonementBeyond the Depraved Doctrine of Original Sin
    2. 2. Original Sin• Genesis 3• Romans 5:12-21• 1 Corinthians 15:22
    3. 3. Original Sin• everyone is bornsinful• everyone iscondemned becauseof that sin• it is a condition, notsomething you do
    4. 4. Original Sin• destroys allfreedom• concupiscence• total depravity
    5. 5. Original Sin• Irenaeus• Augustine• Luther• Calvin
    6. 6. The Big Question:How much freedom dohuman beings have?How much freedom do
    7. 7. Jesus’ Ambivalence:John 9:1-12John 9:1-12
    8. 8. What happens if youabandon Original Sin?The Crucifixionbecomes a solution insearch of a problem.
    9. 9. Versions of theAtonement
    10. 10. Three FamiliesExample SatisfactionVictory
    11. 11. SatisfactionHuman sin defrauds God ofthe honor he is due; Christ’sinfinite merit redeems thathonor.Hebrews 10:10
    12. 12. PenalSubstitutionJesus takes on thepunishment that is deservedby human sin.Romans 3:23-36
    13. 13. MoralExemplarJesus life — and crucifixion— set an example for allhumankind.John 15:13
    14. 14. RecapitulationChrist succeeded whereAdam failed — and he thusunites all of humankind withGod.Romans 5:18-19
    15. 15. RansomCaptiveSin delivered humanity intoSatan’s hands; God gaveJesus in a swap.Mark 10:45
    16. 16. ChristusVictorIn Jesus’ death, Godconquered all the powers ofevil.Hebrews 2:14
    17. 17. LastScapegoatJesus’ death shows thebankruptcy of the sacrificialsystem.Hebrews 10:1-4
    18. 18. DivineUnionUnionOn the cross, God showsultimate solidarity with thehuman experience ofgodforsakennessMatthew 27:46
    19. 19. SatisfactionPenal SubstitutionMoral ExemplarRecapitulationRansom CaptiveChristus VictorLast Scapegoat
    20. 20. Find me hereWebsite: tonyj.netBlog: patheos.com/blogs/tonyjonesTwitter: @jonestonyFacebook: facebook.com/jonestony
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