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8.3 election of 1912 and the wilson years

8.3 election of 1912 and the wilson years






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    8.3 election of 1912 and the wilson years 8.3 election of 1912 and the wilson years Presentation Transcript

    • 8.3 The Election of 1912 and the Wilson Years
    • John F. Shrank
      Immigrated from Bulgaria at age 3
      Both parents died…aunt and uncle take him in
      Around the age of 18 they died…
      He was left a good deal of money…but was depressed
    • Slocomb Boat Accident
      His GF (only one he ever had) died when the boat carrying 1300 burned in the NY harbor
      Over 1000 people died
      New Yorks deadliest accident before 9/11/01
    • John F. Shrank
      No one knows exactly why he decided to kill Roosevelt
      He wrote in his diary that the ghost of McKinley told him to do it b/c TR shouldn’t be running for a third term
      He followed TR from New Orleans all the way to Milwaukee, WI before he got his chance
      TR ate lunch and was heading to his car
      The bullet entered TR’s chest after hitting his eyeglass case and his 50 page speech he was about to deliver
    • Coughed no blood—so he thought he was ok
      Went on to deliver a 90 minute speech…
      Sometimes had to whisper
      Shrank later said he didn’t try to kill TR the citizen…
      but instead TR the 3rd termer
      Declared insane…spent 29 years in a mental institution
    • TR’s Opening Remarks
      “Friends, I shall ask you to be as quiet as possible. I don't know whether you fully understand that I have just been shot; but it takes more than that to kill a Bull Moose. But fortunately I had my manuscript, so you see I was going to make a long speech, and there is a bullet - there is where the bullet went through - and it probably saved me from it going into my heart. The bullet is in me now, so that I cannot make a very long speech, but I will try my best.”
    • Roosevelt Assassination Attempt
    • Thomas Woodrow Wilson is elected
      He was the governor of New Jersey at the time he won the Presidency.
      From 1902 to 1910 he was the President of Princeton University in New Jersey.
      Only US President to have a PhD
      Considered a Progressive intellectual more so than a politician
      He is most famous for being President during World War 1 (WWI).
      His first wife died in 1914. He married his second wife while President in 1915.
    • Wilson’s Progressive Reforms
      Underwood Tariff
      It reduced the average tariff on imported goods by 30%.
      One of the most important provisions was for an income tax which would replace the funds lost by lowered tariffs
      This would open the doors of debate for the 16th Amendment.
      In 1913 the 16 Amendment passed which was the federal income tax on individuals.
      Progressive tax – more you make more you pay
      Big deal – for the 1st time the government was receiving taxes directly from each individual in the country
    • Oscar Underwood
    • Wilson’s Progressive Reforms
      The Federal Reserve Act
      This allowed for banks to keep a portion of their money in a regional bank.
      This would set the interest rates for the entire country and control the amount of currency.
      Many people say this was the most important piece of legislation in U.S. history.
    • Wilson’s Progressive Reforms
      Federal Trade Commission
      This was set up to monitor American business. and make sure trusts were not forming.
      The main job of the FTC was to work with business to limit the unfair activities.
      The Clayton Antitrust Act stopped businesses from charging different prices to different customers.
    • The End of Progressivism
      The Progressive era permanently changed the view of how the government should interact with its people
      By the end the American people thought the government’s job was to protect the people through laws (before the govt. seemed to protect business)
      Progressivism was the remedy to MANY of the social injustices of the day: child labor laws, long work days, women’s rights, etc
      But for all they did…they were still lacking
    • NAACP
      Progressivism did not address racial issues
      Stands for National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
      It was started by W.E.B. Du Bois to stop harassment, lynching, and discrimination.
      The NAACP is still very powerful today and fights many legal battles for African Americans.
    • The Mexican Revolution
      From 1884 to 1911 Porfirio Diaz ruled Mexico.
      The majority of Mexicans were poor and landless.
      The people wanted reform, a revolution occurred, and General Victoriano Huerta took over as leader.
      President Wilson did not like Huerta and sent weapons to Mexico to overthrow him.
    • US Navy Forces outside of Mexico
    • Mexican Revolution
      With U.S. approval, Venustiano Carranza became Mexico’s president.
      A group of loyal supporters of Huerta called guerrillas invaded the U.S. and burned the town of Columbus New Mexico.
      These guerrillas were led by Pancho Villa.
      Wilson sent over 100,000 troops into Mexico to capture Villa
      The “Punitive Expedition” lasted for over a year and Villa was never caught
      Carranza was able to stop the rebellion and stay in power.
    • Pancho Villa
    • Columbus, New Mexico
    • US Troops Looking for Villa