Teddy Roosevelt is Vice President after the election of 1900 with Mckinley
Boxer Rebellion The U.S. was very interested in China due to the trade relationship. The U.S. would trade for silk, tea, and spices. OPEN DOOR POLICY: unrestricted trade with China. There were secret Chinese societies wanting to rid China of Western influences. These secret society members were called Boxers. 'Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists These Boxers led a rebellion in China against western embassies killing 200 people called the Boxer Rebellion In August of 1900 U.S. troops and other foreign soldiers (50,000) went to China and put down the rebellion.
US Troops In China Captured Boxer
Death of McKinley On September 6th, 1901 President McKinley was shot by Leon Czolgosz. He was an anarchist who opposed all forms of government. McKinley was at a public appearance in Buffalo New York. A few days later McKinley died. Vice President Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt became President. At age 42, Roosevelt became the youngest President in American history.
Upon completion of the autopsy, Leon Czolgosz's body was placed in a plain, black casket and doused with sulfuric acid. His remains disintegrated within 12 hours.
Theodore Roosevelt He was born into a wealthy New York family. Roosevelt desperately wanted to fight in a war…and got his chance in the Spanish American War Republicans only wanted him to be VP b/c of his charisma and war hero status…they never wanted him to have to make actual choices He loved the outdoors and sporting events. He owned a large ranch along the Little Missouri River in South Dakota. On his ranch he had about 8,500 cows. He was married twice and had a total of 6 children. His nickname was “Teddy” and while on hunting trip to Mississippi he refused to shoot a small bear cub. This is where the “Teddy Bear” came from.
Roosevelt’s Diplomacy In 1907, Roosevelt sent 16 battleships on a trip around the world to showcase America’s strength. This fleet of ships was known as The Great White Fleet. Roosevelt insisted on having a strong global presence. He wanted countries to think hard before starting war with America. He believed that by showing your military strength you can actually promote peace through fear. (kinda like nuclear power today) This was known as Big Stick Diplomacy.
Roosevelt’s Diplomacy part 2 He loved to say the quote, “Speak softly and carry a big stick.” Roosevelt promised that America would financially watch over Latin America to maintain peace in the Western Hemisphere. This was called the Roosevelt Corollary.
Dollar Diplomacy This refers to when America began giving millions of dollars to Latin American countries. Through the Roosevelt Corollary we promised to back up all loans made my European empires to their South American countries If American businesses supported this region, then everyone would benefit from trade relationships. America helping these countries would bring stability to the region and force Europe to stay away.
Your Pick: We are Coming. Do you want the stick or the dollar?
The Panama Canal President Roosevelt wanted a canal through Panama that would connect the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. This canal would save time and money for the shipping industry. In 1901, the U.S. signed the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty which gave them total access to build and control any canal through Panama. During construction, many Americans died due to diseases carried by mosquitoes like Malaria and Yellow Fever.
The Panama Canal Part II The canal took 10 years to build and cost more than $390 million. The canal shortened the distance between the two oceans by about 8,000 miles. (12,660 miles to now 4,900) It takes about 8 days to travel the distance of 50 miles through the canal. In 1977, U.S. President Jimmy Carter signed a treaty that gave the canal back to Panama in 1999.