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6.2 urbanization


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  • 1. 6.2Urbanization
  • 2. So here is where we are….Tons of Immigrants…And they are heading into the cities…
  • 3. Mulberry Street – “Little Italy”
  • 4.
  • 5. Hester Street –
    Jewish Section
  • 6. Chinatown, NYC
  • 7. Americans Migrate to Cities
    Urbanization – the massive movement of people into cities
    Between 1860 and 1900, our countries population doubled
    Immigrants tended to go to cities b/c of costs and lack of education
    Farming technology had also improved
    New York…1860 (800k) 1900 (3.5 million)
    Chicago…1860 (109k) 1900 (1.6 million)
    Cities over 2,500 people --1840 (131 cities)
    1900 (1,700 cities)
  • 8.
  • 9. Chicago 1820
  • 10. Chicago 1854
  • 11. 1898
  • 12. Building Up, Not Out
    Skyscrapers begin to appear in cities….WHY?
    1st in Chicago in 1884 b/c no more room for anymore buildings
  • 13. US History Quiz – Immigration-Segregation Chapter 7
    • Initially most immigrants came from Northern Europe. After 1900 which areas of the world sent the most immigrants?
    South America
    China and Japan
    Southern and Eastern Europe
    Central America and Mexico
    • Asian immigrants entered the US through ___________ and Europeans came through _____________.
    Ellis Island, Angel Island
    Alcatraz Island, Ellis Island
    Angel Island, Ellis Island
    Angel Island, Gilligan’s Island
    • The Serfdom
    Urbanization Issues - Housing
    Row Houses
    (dumbbell) Tenements
    Dangerous (mold, lead, poorly constructed)
    Lack of clean water/no indoor plumbing
    Very little air or light/pollution
  • 14. Urbanization - Water
    Late 1800s, few had indoor plumbing & water was collected in pails from faucets on the street and heat it for bathing
    Water poor quality b/c of cholera and typhoid fever
    Access to safe water (even after the introduction of filtration and chlorination at turn of century) was limited
  • 15. Urbanization - Sanitation
    Horse manure piled up on streets
    Sewage flowed through open gutters
    Factory smoke filled the air
    Garbage was dumped in the streets (no formal trash collection)
  • 16. Urbanization - Crime
    Political Corruption
    Gangs - nativism, violence
    No police
    Gangsters Hanging out in NY
  • 17. Gangs of New York Videos
  • 18.
  • 19. A Picture of How Urbanization Occurred…
  • 20. Jacob Riis
    Newspaper man
    Exposure journalism
    Exposed the problems facing the poor in urban society
    “How the Other Half Lives”
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  • 33. Bandit's Roost (1888) by Jacob Riis, from How the Other Half Lives. This image is Bandit's Roost at 59½ Mulberry Street, considered the most crime-ridden, dangerous part of New York City.
  • 34. The Story of Us: Jacob Riis
  • 35. Chicago—October 7, 1871
    The midwest was in the middle of an awful drought
    O’Leary family had a milk business in Chicago
    Mrs. O’Leary and her cow Daisy
    Fire begins…and the “windy city” does the rest
    17,450 buildings were destroyed and the entire business sector was wiped out
    Mrs. O’Leary’s house survived…the barn and cow did not
    300 people died
  • 36. A popular rhyme in Chicago
    One dark night when we were all in bedMrs. O’Leary lit a lantern in her shed,The cow kicked it over, winked its eye and saidThere’ll be a hot time in the old town tonight.
  • 37. Urbanization - Fire
    Building materials were flammable
    No fire departments
    No water
    Fires occurred in every major city (2 major examples):
    Chicago (1871): 24 hours, 300 ppl died, 100,000 homeless, 3 sq mi destroyed, $200 mil in damages, 17,500 buildings destroyed
    San Francisco (1906): 4 days, 1,000 ppl died, 200,000 left homeless, 5 sq mi destroyed, $500 mil in damages, 28,000 buildings destroyed
  • 38.
  • 39. First hand account
    “The intense heat from the burning buildings, even the flames from them, reached the water, and even stretched out over it, and the flying men, women, and children, rushed into the lake till nothing but their heads appeared above the surface of the waters; but the fiery fiend was not satisfied. The hair was burned off the heads of many, while some never came out of the water alive. Many who stayed on the shore, where the space between the fire and water was a little wider, had the clothes burned from off their backs.”
  • 40. Great Chicago Fire 1871
  • 41. Chicago fire equipment
  • 42.
  • 43. American cities rally to help
  • 44. Political Machine
    Ward Boss
    Local Precinct Workers
    And Captains
    Organized group that controlled the activities
    of a political party in a city and offered
    services to voters and businesses in
    exchange for political or financial support.
  • 45. William “Boss” Tweed
    Led “Tammany Hall,” NY’s most powerful political machine
    Ran NY for 12 years
    Helped the poor – coal in the winter, turkeys at Christmas
    Stole millions of dollars from taxpayers
    Helped minimally to get votes, & then failed to help where it mattered