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4.1 Miners and cowboys in the west
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4.1 Miners and cowboys in the west

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Transcript

  • 1. CHAPTER 4.1
    How Miners and Ranchers helped build
    the American West
  • 2. Reconstruction Ends…Compromise of 1877
    The Presidential election of 1876 was Rutherford B. Hayes (R) from Ohio vs. Samuel Tilden (D) from New York.
    On election day, 20 electoral votes were being disputed.
    An agreement was worked out in Congress that allowed Hayes to become President.
    The agreement was that federal troops had to be removed from the southern states ending Reconstruction.
    Who was going to protect the 13th (slavery), 14th (citizenship), and 15th (voting) amendements for African Americans in the South? Troops had done this before.
  • 3. “Rutherfraud”
  • 4. Growth of the Mining Industry…
    Remember the Gold Rush? 49ers?
    Large numbers of people were heading west into unnamed territories in search of….
    Dolladollabillzyalll!
  • 5. The Comestock Lode
    In 1859 Henry Comstock staked a claim in the Six-Mile Canyon in Nevada.
    The sticky blue-gray mud was pure silver ore.
    This discovery is referred to as the “Comstock Lode”.
    By 1864 enough people moved into Nevada to make it our 36th state
    Comstock Lode made more than $230 million and helped finance the Civil War.
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8. From Comstock….TO VIRGINIA CITY!
    In just a few months more than 30,000 people arrived.
  • 9. Boomtowns
    • Boomtowns - cities that popped up in the west when gold, silver, or other minerals were found
    San Francisco, 1851
  • 10. Black Hills, South Dakota
    Deadwood
    Spearfish
  • 11. How Gold and Silver made the West
    Several Colorado boomtowns became populated due to the growth of mining.
    1. Leadville
    2. Colorado Springs (Pikes Peak)
    Tombstone was a silver town in Arizona made famous by Wyatt Earp.
  • 12. Tombstone, Arizona
    Silver town made famous by Wyatt Earp and the “Showdown the OK Corrall”
  • 13. Boomtowns cont…
    Prospecting….Men always came first…
    Towns would pop up without police….vigilance committees
    Next came women…laundarers, cooks, dancers, etc
  • 14. Wooden jail in Wyoming territory
  • 15.
  • 16. Eventually the minerals are gone…
    1930 --- Virginia City has only 500 people
    “Ghost towns” begin to pop up in the west
  • 17.
  • 18. Miners: Main Idea
    Miners Main Idea: Mining for gold and silver brought incredible numbers of Americans into the West.
  • 19.
  • 20. Ranching and Cattle Drives
    Some Americans mined for gold and silver while others invested in cattle.
    Cattle farming was a big business and so was cattle driving.
    The cowboy was a professional cattle driver that would take large numbers of cows from one location to another.
    Cattle farming was a huge money market during the Civil War due to the need to feed the soldiers from both sides.
  • 21. American Cowboy
  • 22. Longhorn – from Spanish cattle breed allowed to run wild and adapted to living on grass of Great Plains and very little water
  • 23. Cattle Drives
    Cows were left open range until it was time for the drive – semi wild state
    Cattle Trails would start in Texas with 2,000 to 5,000 cows. Each cowboy need 3-4 horses per day.
    Balanced distance with food to sell cows for more.
    Cowboys would move the cows north into Kansas and Nebraska.
    The animals would then be loaded onto train cars and shipped east to be slaughtered.
    The most famous cattle trail was the Chisholm Trailwhich started in San Antonio and ended in Abilene Kansas.
    It is estimated that between 1867 and 1871 about 1.5 million longhorns took the Chisholm Trail to Abilene.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30.
  • 31. The Chuck Wagon
  • 32.
  • 33.
  • 34. One more cowboy picture. You ready for my favorite?
  • 35. The Sultry Model Cowboy
  • 36.
  • 37. AbileneSheriff—Wild Bill Hickock
  • 38. Train Station in Abilene
  • 39. Dodge City
  • 40. Witchita
  • 41. The End of the Cattle Drive?
  • 42. Joseph Glidden
    Simple farmer wanting to isolate his land from being grazed on during the long drives
    INVENTS BARBED WIRE…ENDS THE OPEN RANGE
    Became EXTREMELY rich