4.1 Miners and cowboys in the west


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4.1 Miners and cowboys in the west

  1. 1. CHAPTER 4.1<br />How Miners and Ranchers helped build<br />the American West<br />
  2. 2. Reconstruction Ends…Compromise of 1877<br />The Presidential election of 1876 was Rutherford B. Hayes (R) from Ohio vs. Samuel Tilden (D) from New York.<br />On election day, 20 electoral votes were being disputed.<br />An agreement was worked out in Congress that allowed Hayes to become President.<br />The agreement was that federal troops had to be removed from the southern states ending Reconstruction.<br />Who was going to protect the 13th (slavery), 14th (citizenship), and 15th (voting) amendements for African Americans in the South? Troops had done this before.<br />
  3. 3. “Rutherfraud”<br />
  4. 4. Growth of the Mining Industry…<br />Remember the Gold Rush? 49ers? <br />Large numbers of people were heading west into unnamed territories in search of….<br />Dolladollabillzyalll!<br />
  5. 5. The Comestock Lode<br />In 1859 Henry Comstock staked a claim in the Six-Mile Canyon in Nevada.<br />The sticky blue-gray mud was pure silver ore.<br />This discovery is referred to as the “Comstock Lode”.<br />By 1864 enough people moved into Nevada to make it our 36th state<br />Comstock Lode made more than $230 million and helped finance the Civil War. <br />
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  8. 8. From Comstock….TO VIRGINIA CITY!<br />In just a few months more than 30,000 people arrived. <br />
  9. 9. Boomtowns<br /><ul><li>Boomtowns - cities that popped up in the west when gold, silver, or other minerals were found </li></ul>San Francisco, 1851<br />
  10. 10. Black Hills, South Dakota<br />Deadwood<br />Spearfish<br />
  11. 11. How Gold and Silver made the West<br />Several Colorado boomtowns became populated due to the growth of mining.<br /> 1. Leadville<br /> 2. Colorado Springs (Pikes Peak)<br />Tombstone was a silver town in Arizona made famous by Wyatt Earp.<br />
  12. 12. Tombstone, Arizona<br />Silver town made famous by Wyatt Earp and the “Showdown the OK Corrall”<br />
  13. 13. Boomtowns cont…<br />Prospecting….Men always came first…<br />Towns would pop up without police….vigilance committees<br />Next came women…laundarers, cooks, dancers, etc<br />
  14. 14. Wooden jail in Wyoming territory<br />
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  16. 16. Eventually the minerals are gone…<br />1930 --- Virginia City has only 500 people<br />“Ghost towns” begin to pop up in the west <br />
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  18. 18. Miners: Main Idea<br />Miners Main Idea: Mining for gold and silver brought incredible numbers of Americans into the West. <br />
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  20. 20. Ranching and Cattle Drives<br />Some Americans mined for gold and silver while others invested in cattle.<br />Cattle farming was a big business and so was cattle driving.<br />The cowboy was a professional cattle driver that would take large numbers of cows from one location to another.<br />Cattle farming was a huge money market during the Civil War due to the need to feed the soldiers from both sides.<br />
  21. 21. American Cowboy<br />
  22. 22. Longhorn – from Spanish cattle breed allowed to run wild and adapted to living on grass of Great Plains and very little water<br />
  23. 23. Cattle Drives<br />Cows were left open range until it was time for the drive – semi wild state<br />Cattle Trails would start in Texas with 2,000 to 5,000 cows. Each cowboy need 3-4 horses per day.<br />Balanced distance with food to sell cows for more.<br />Cowboys would move the cows north into Kansas and Nebraska.<br />The animals would then be loaded onto train cars and shipped east to be slaughtered. <br />The most famous cattle trail was the Chisholm Trailwhich started in San Antonio and ended in Abilene Kansas.<br />It is estimated that between 1867 and 1871 about 1.5 million longhorns took the Chisholm Trail to Abilene.<br />
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  31. 31. The Chuck Wagon<br />
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  34. 34. One more cowboy picture. You ready for my favorite?<br />
  35. 35. The Sultry Model Cowboy<br />
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  37. 37. AbileneSheriff—Wild Bill Hickock<br />
  38. 38. Train Station in Abilene<br />
  39. 39. Dodge City<br />
  40. 40. Witchita<br />
  41. 41. The End of the Cattle Drive?<br />
  42. 42. Joseph Glidden<br />Simple farmer wanting to isolate his land from being grazed on during the long drives<br />INVENTS BARBED WIRE…ENDS THE OPEN RANGE<br />Became EXTREMELY rich<br />