17 part 1


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17 part 1

  1. 1. Election of 1960<br />John F. Kennedy (D) vs. Richard M. Nixon (R). <br />JFK (Kennedy) won<br />It was the first televised presidential debate.<br />JFK’s calming appearance on TV helped him get many swing votes.<br />Nixon refused to wear makeup<br />The main issue was the Cold War.<br />
  2. 2. History of JFK<br />Born into a wealthy family. His dad was the U.S. ambassador to England…mom was the daughter of mayor of Boston<br />Wife -- Jacqueline Bouvier.<br />Only Catholic president<br />He was 43 when he became President.<br />On November 22nd 1963, he was shot in Dallas Texas.<br />His time in the White House as President became known as Camelot. <br />
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  6. 6. Kennedy and Khrushchev in 1961<br />
  7. 7. ImportantKey Issues<br />He hoped to improve education and provide health care for the elderly. <br />Increased minimum wage to $1.25.<br />Equal Pay Act for women.<br />Created the Peace Corps<br />Wanted to put a man on the moon by the end of the 1960s<br />Focused on foreign policy and the Cold War with the USSR.<br />
  8. 8. Peace Corps<br />This was created to help less developed nations fight off poverty.<br />This organization sent young people to foreign countries to help the poor. <br />Built hospitals<br />Served food<br />etc<br />Eleanor Roosevelt and JFK worked together to create the Peace Corps. <br />
  9. 9. Earl Warren<br />He was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court by Eisenhower.<br />His role as Chief Justice would have a profound impact in the 1960’s.<br />Two examples are: desegregation of schools and the reading of Miranda rights. <br />
  10. 10. Space Race<br />
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  12. 12. Space Race<br />With the Cold War getting hotter, JFK wanted to be better than the USSR.<br />The “Space Race” was between the U.S. and USSR for control of space.<br />JFK recommended that a man land on the moon before the decade was over.<br />That came true when Neil Armstrong landed on the moon in 1969.<br />
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  15. 15. The Berlin Wall<br />Built by the USSR in the middle of the night in August 1961 (won’t come down until 1989).<br />Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev was tired of people leaving East Berlin.<br />The walls purpose was to keep East Berlin (Communist) and West Berlin (Democratic) separate.<br />major physical symbol of the Cold War.<br />
  16. 16. 1961 construction of the Berlin Wall<br />
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  22. 22. Tunnel of an East German <br />
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  32. 32. Checkpoint Charlie standoff – October 1961<br />18 year old East German soldier tried to escape<br />Shot and falls into barbed wire and slowly bleeds to death in “no man’s land”<br />Protest begin and it escalates to tanks pointed at each other waiting to fire<br />
  33. 33. Russian tanks<br />