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16

  1. 1. Chapter 16 1945-1950’s<br />
  2. 2. GI Bill<br />This helped former soldiers (veterans) from WWII to go to college.<br />GI = Government Issue<br />It also helped them buy homes and start businesses.<br />The real name for this bill is called the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act.<br />
  3. 3. Truman’s Fair Deal<br />President Truman won re-election in 1948.<br />He began to push his “Fair Deal” thru Congress.<br />This called for the following:<br /> 1. Minimum wage to 75 cents per hour.<br /> 2. Add 10 million people to Social Security.<br /> 3. Provide housing to the poor.<br />
  4. 4. Dwight Eisenhower<br />He was a former military general and elected President in 1952.<br />He viewed business growth as vital to the nation.<br />He cut government jobs and supported tax reductions.<br />In 1956 the Federal Highway Act was passed which created the Eisenhower Interstate Highway System. <br />
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  6. 6. Proposed plan in 1955<br />
  7. 7. Baby Boom<br />From 1945 until 1960 65 million babies were born.<br />This was because of all the troops coming home from WWII.<br />At one point, a new baby was being born in America every 7 seconds.<br />It was the “American Culture” of the time to get married and have children.<br />This new lifestyle was pushed in magazines and television shows of the 1950’s.<br />It was very popular for women to stay home and let the husbands work.<br />
  8. 8. Births per 1,000 in US<br />
  9. 9. Polio<br />This is a disease that can cause paralysis and even death.<br />In 1952, 58,000 new cases were reported.<br />Huge public fear of catching polio<br />Jonas Salk invented a cure for this disease and by 1960, Polio was almost gone.<br />The miraculous “sugar cube” is what helped give the vaccine to children. <br />
  10. 10. Rushing a polio stricken girl to the hospital (1948)<br />
  11. 11. Patients in iron lung during 1952 epidemic<br />
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  17. 17. Rock ‘n’ Roll<br />This got it’s start in the 1950’s with teenagers. Many parents did not like this music and called in “sinful”.<br />Elvis Presleyhelped push rock n roll to new levels in the 1950’s. He quickly gained the title of King of Rock ‘n’ Roll.<br />Elvis got his start in Memphis at Sun Records. <br />His producer was Sam Phillips.<br />
  18. 18. AppalachiaSlide 7 of 8<br />This is a term used to describe the mountain area from Alabama to New York.<br />Appalachia passes thru Eastern Tennessee.<br />Many people were out of work when the coal mines shut down.<br />Many people dropped out of school to work in the mines. Thus, not having a good education to fall back on.<br />Appalachia is still one of the poorest areas of our country.<br />See picture on page 586.<br />
  19. 19. EntertainmentSlide 8 of 8<br />TV ShowsMoviesSingers<br />Hopalong Cassidy Ben Hur Elvis Presley<br />The Lone Ranger Jail House Rock Jerry Lewis<br />Howdy Doody Ten Commandments Johnny Cash<br />Ed Sullivan Show Diary of Anne Frank Buddy Holly<br />Flash Gordon<br />

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