Criticism of the New Deal Roosevelt began deficit spending by borrowing money to pay for his programs.
that FDR had turned the US into a socialist country
Huey Long Huey Long was a former governor and current senator from Louisiana who opposed the New Deal. Ran a populist “Share the Wealth” program and gained incredible popularity Was going to run for president in 1936 but was assassinated in 1935
Carl Weiss: The Physician The man said to have killed Huey Long Long was trying to get rid of his father-in-law as judge Said to be in a good mood by his parents that day… Tried to talk to Long twice at the court house and was brushed off…3rd time he shot him Body guards shot Weiss 30 times Largest known funeral ever for an assassin
Father Coughlin Father Coughlin was a catholic priest from Detroit who opposed the New Deal on his weekly radio show. (30-45 million listeners)
Dr. Francis Townsend Dr. Francis Townsend said to give everyone over 60 years of age $200 a month not to work in factories.
Second New Deal Some of the Second New Deal policies were: 1. Works Progress Administration(WPA) - Spent 11 billion fixing streets,bridges, airports, and parks 2. Committee for Industrial Organization - Organized industrial unions 3. Social Security Act - Provides money for elderly people when they retire - People could begin collecting at age 65
WPA Construction Workers
WPA Sewing Shop
The most controversial part of the WPA was the hiring of artists, playwrights, orchestras, and journalists.
WPA Artists 90% of WPA work went to unskilled labor…but artists were also hired for propaganda purposes (and to give work)
WPA Park Photographer
WPA Art Mural
WPA-made art poster
UAW Sit Down Strikes are when workers would stop doing their job and sit down. The workers would then refuse to leave the factory. The United Auto Workers (UAW) organized a Sit Down strike the General Motors Plantin Flint Michigan on December 31st 1936. Workers were passed food from family members through the fence. On February 11th 1937, GM recognized the strike and the UAW became very popular.
Passing food into the workers
Sit down strike supporters
The Strike Ends!
National Guard at the Maytag Strike
Roosevelt’s Second Term FDR’s wife Eleanor made sure he began putting African Americans in important governmental jobs. These African Americans became known as the Black Cabinet. In all, FDR had 45 African-American members in his executive branch of New Deal departments He appointed Frances Perkins to his cabinet which was the first lady member.
Frances Perkinsled the Dept. of Labor for 12 years
Court-Packing Plan Roosevelt called the Supreme Court “nine old men.” FDR’s idea was to increase the number of justices. If a justice did not retire at the age of 70, the President could appoint another justice to serve. This idea was cancelled in Congress but made the Supreme Court realize it needed to work more closely with FDR.
Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 This provided the first federal minimum wage at 25 cents an hour and provided more protection. This was the LAST MAJOR piece of New Deal legislation Republicans won back many seats in Congress and by 1939 the New Deal was over. FDR began to focus more on world issues rising out of Germany and Europe.
LEGACY OF THE NEW DEAL Only moderately successful We wouldn’t fully get out of the depression until after WWII Increased the role of the federal government incredibly—and this debate still goes on today BUT it did instill faith in the lower classes that the federal government would help them when they need it