10.3

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10.3

  1. 1. 10.3 A Clash of Values<br />
  2. 2. Nativism and Racism Returns<br />Nicola Sacco and BartolomeoVanzettiwere two Italian immigrants<br />They were accused killing two men at the Slater & Morrill Shoe Company.<br />They were also accused of stealing $15,000 from the payroll vault.<br />Sacco was a shoemaker.<br />Vanzetti was a fish peddler.<br />
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  5. 5. Sacco and Vanzetti part 2<br />Many Americans believed them to be anarchists.<br />The evidence against the two men was VERY sketchy, but the public wanted them to pay for the murder<br />In 1921 they were found guilty. They appealed the case for 6 years.<br />On August 23rd 1927, they were both executed.<br />Throughout the entire process, both men claimed innocence of the crime.<br />*Anarchists- People who oppose all forms of government.<br />
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  8. 8. The “old Klan” focused on newly freed African Americans.<br />The new Klan was going to focus more on Catholics, Jews, and Immigrants.<br />William J. Simmons revised the KKK in Atlanta.<br />Membership reached 4 million people by 1924.<br />The lynching of Jewish Leo Frank is Georgia was a huge story<br />Return of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK)<br />
  9. 9. After Frank’s lynching nearly half of Georgia’s 3000 Jews left the state<br />
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  12. 12. Good ole fashioned KKK wedding<br />
  13. 13. Good ole fashion KKK funeral<br />
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  16. 16. Remember women got the right to vote in 1920. This prompted change in society.<br />Many women wore “bobbed” hair styles. This just means shortened.<br />Women stopped wearing corsets<br />Flappers were young women who smoked, drank, danced, and wore short dresses.<br />Other women sought work in factories to supplement family income.<br />Birth Control also became available for the first time and gave women a new sense of freedom<br />Women of the 1920’s<br />
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  20. 20. Flapper’s Fashion Video<br />
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  22. 22. A New Religious Movement…<br />Fundamentalism was a new movement which believed that the Bible was literally true and had no error<br />Especially popular in the rural South<br />As science improved less and less people believed the Bible (that Adam lived over 900 years for example)<br />The theory of evolution was also testing Fundamentalism and the story of creation…<br />
  23. 23. The Scopes Trial<br />In 1925 Tennessee passed the Butler Act. This made teaching monkey evolution illegal.<br />John T. Scopes was a biology teacher in Dayton TN.<br />He was arrested for teaching evolution to his high school students.<br />The trial was held in Dayton TN during the summer of 1925.<br />William Jennings Bryan was the prosecuting attorney.<br />Clarence Darrow was the defending attorney.<br />Scopes was found guilty and fined $100.<br />
  24. 24. BryanDarrow<br />
  25. 25. Scopes <br />
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  27. 27. Huge crowds from all over the country<br />
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  35. 35. The 18th Amendment took effect January 29th 1920.<br />This new Amendment made the production, sale, or consumption of alcohol illegal.<br />Many American believed this was going to help reduce unemployment, violence, poverty, and crime.<br />Secret bars called speakeasies were places people could purchase a drink.<br />Prohibition<br />
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  41. 41. Prohibition part 2<br />Bootleggingbecame big business. This is the production and distribution of liquor.<br />
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  46. 46. Alcohol Consumed per person<br />
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  48. 48. Prohibition part 3<br />The mafia began opening bars and running bootlegging.<br />These illegal bars were called speakeasies<br />Al Capone was a gangster who made millions from prohibition in Chicago.<br />Capone had policemen, judges, and politicians on his payroll to help his business.<br />The 21st Amendment in 1933 repealed the 18th Amendment.<br />
  49. 49. Al Capone<br />
  50. 50. This hotel served as Capone’s base5 room suite and 4 guest rooms<br />
  51. 51. St. Valentines Day Massacre<br />
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  53. 53. Known criminal but police could never DIRECTLY connect him to the murders <br />
  54. 54. Capone at Comisky Park before his 1931 arrest for tax evasion<br />

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