Why people matter:                        elephant spotting in the                           online classroom             ...
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ed/ElephantJoyRide.jpg                    • About learning technologies   ...
Thursday, 9 June 2011
What is a technology?        "Something that doesnt quite work yet"        "Anything invented after you were born"       “...
Pedagogies are                          technologies                  “a field involved in the facilitation of             ...
What is a learning                          technology?                               Pedagogies                          ...
Soft and hard thingsThursday, 9 June 2011
tensions                   Soft                                Hard          the adjacent possible              path depen...
Moodle- soft for whom?                         Hard                                          n ts                         ...
Pedagogical patterns                        Soft                        Hard                                              ...
Hard is                         easyThursday, 9 June 2011
Soft is                         hardThursday, 9 June 2011
Revealing the elephant                                http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/19/Marc-elephant.jpg...
Remember your best                            teacher?                    • tell the person (s) next to youThursday, 9 Jun...
Bhattacharya, M., & Dron, J. (2007). In Search of Quality Learning Technologies for Online Distributed Classrooms. Paper p...
Putting elephants to                            work in AU                              http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/...
Traditionally...                    • tutors, phone, email                    • isolated forums                    • err.....
Dialogue v Structure                           Dialogue                                      StructureThursday, 9 June 2011
Design for control                                  Collective                                   control                  ...
The Landing              • a soft place              • made of hard pieces and                        soft piecesThursday,...
Sharing ideas            Bookmark                  Feeling less alone               Wikis             sharing             ...
Sounds a bit like                             Facebook?                    • Ownership - it’s yours                    • T...
Sounds a bit like                              Moodle?                    • No special roles: everyone is equal (you,     ...
Design patterns                        Soft                   Hard               • Adapt                     • Automate   ...
Not a panacea     • confusing                 • serendipitous, connecting     • complex                   • powerful     •...
https://landing.athabascau.caThursday, 9 June 2011
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Revealing the elephant in the online classroom

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Pedagogies as technologies, soft and hard technologies, benefits of soft technologies for learning (spoiler - the elephant is the teacher, not the technical process of teaching)

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Revealing the elephant in the online classroom

  1. 1. Why people matter: elephant spotting in the online classroom CNHS PD day presentation Jon Dron, TEKRI, June 2011 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/67/Pennant_Thomas_Hist_of_Quadrupeds_1793-Elephas.pngThursday, 9 June 2011
  2. 2. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ed/ElephantJoyRide.jpg • About learning technologies “a field involved in the facilitation of human learning through the systematic identification, development, organization, and utilization of learning resources and through the management of these processes” (AECT, 1972)Thursday, 9 June 2011
  3. 3. Thursday, 9 June 2011
  4. 4. What is a technology? "Something that doesnt quite work yet" "Anything invented after you were born" “A combination of artefacts and what you do with them” “Orchestration of phenomena to our use” http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/Ww1-elephant.jpg "Something useful produced by a mind" “The way things are done around here” (Ursula Franklin)Thursday, 9 June 2011
  5. 5. Pedagogies are technologies “a field involved in the facilitation of human learning through the systematic identification, development, organization, and utilization of learning resources and through the management of these processes” (AECT, 1972)Thursday, 9 June 2011
  6. 6. What is a learning technology? Pedagogies Methods Processes hardware Software management systems Organizational structures Techniques learning designs assessment systemsThursday, 9 June 2011
  7. 7. Soft and hard thingsThursday, 9 June 2011
  8. 8. tensions Soft Hard the adjacent possible path dependencies flexibility freedom freedom from error Soft technologies open Hard technologies out the future solidify history Soft is hard Hard is easyThursday, 9 June 2011
  9. 9. Moodle- soft for whom? Hard n ts ude • st ers ach • te s loper eve se d our •c ins adm stem • sy ers lop eve i nd lug •p as aim oug nD Soft arti •M Thursday, 9 June 2011
  10. 10. Pedagogical patterns Soft Hard Instructivist Constructivist Connectivist holistThursday, 9 June 2011
  11. 11. Hard is easyThursday, 9 June 2011
  12. 12. Soft is hardThursday, 9 June 2011
  13. 13. Revealing the elephant http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/19/Marc-elephant.jpgThursday, 9 June 2011
  14. 14. Remember your best teacher? • tell the person (s) next to youThursday, 9 June 2011
  15. 15. Bhattacharya, M., & Dron, J. (2007). In Search of Quality Learning Technologies for Online Distributed Classrooms. Paper presented at the The 7th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, NIigata, Japan.Boder, A. (1992). The process of knowledge reification in human-human interaction. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 8, 177-185.Bonk, C. J. (2009). The World is Open:: How Web Technology Is Revolutionizing Education. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.Bonk, C. J., & Kim, K.-J. (2005). Future directions of blended learning in Higher Education and Workplace Learning Settings. In C. J. Bonk & C. R. Graham (Eds.), Handbook of blended Dialogue is good learning: Global Perspectives, local designs. San Fransisco: Pfeiffer Publishing.Boyer, N. (2005). Online learners take the lead in self-direction. Academic Exchange Quarterly, 9(4), 244-250.Brockett, R. G., & Hiemstra, R. (1991). A conceptual framework for understanding self-direction in adult learning. In R. G. Brockett & R. Hiemstra (Eds.), Self-Direction in Adult Learning: Perspectives on Theory, Research, and Practice, . New York & London: Routledge.Bruner, J. S. (1966). Toward a Theory of Instruction. Cambridge MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.Bryant, T. (2006). Social Software in Academia. Educause Quarterly, 2006(2), 61-64.Bullen, M. (1998). Participation and critical thinking in online university distance education. Journal of Distance Education, 13(2), 1-32.Bures, E. M., Amundsen, C. C., & Abrami, P. C. (2002). Motivation to learn via computer conferencing: Exploring how task-specific motivation and CC expectations are related to student acceptance of learning via CC. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 27(3), 249.Candy, P. C. (1991). Self-direction for Lifelong Learning: A comprehensive Guide to Theory and Practice. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.Chen, Y.-J. (2000). Transactional Distance in World Wide Web Learning Environments. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 38(2), 327-338.Chiarella, A. F. (2009). Enabling the collective to assist the individual: A self-organising systems approach to social software and the creation of collaborative text signals. PhD, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. Retrieved from http://www3.telus.net/andrewchiarella/pubfiles/AndrewChiarellaPhDThesis.pdfChumley-Jones, H. S., Dobbie, A., & Alford, C. L. (2002). Web-based Learning: Sound Educational Method or Hype? A Review of the Evaluation Literature. Adcademic Medicine, 77(10), S86- S93.Collis, B. (2005). Putting blended learning to work. In C. J. Bonk & C. R. Graham (Eds.), The Handbook of Blended Learning: Global Perspectives, Local Designs (pp. 461-473). San Francisco: Pfeiffer.Conole, G., & Dyke, M. (2004). What are the affordances of information and communication technologies? ALT-J, 12(2), 113-124.Coomey, M., & Stephenson, J. (2001). Online learning: its all about dialogue, involvement, support and control. In J. Stephenson (Ed.), Teaching and Learning Online 2001. London: Kogan Page.Cordova, D. I., & Lepper, M. R. (1996). Intrinsic motivation and the process of learning: Beneficial effects of contextualization, personalization, and choice. Journal of Educational Psychology, 88(4), 715-730.Cox, G., Carr, T., & Hall, M. (2004). Evaluating the use of synchronous communication in two blended courses. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 20(3), 183-193.Crane, T., Maurizio, A., Bruett, K., Jeannero, S., Wilson, J., Bealkowski, S. (2002). Learning for the 21st Century. Washington DC: Partnership for 21st Century Skills.Creed, T. (1996). Extending the Classroom Walls Electronically. In William Campbell and Karl Smith (Ed.), New Paradigms for College Teaching. Edina, MN: Interaction Book Co.Dalsgaard, C., & Paulsen, M. F. (2009). Transparency in Cooperative Online Education. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning,, 10(3).Davis, J. R., & Huttenlocher, D. P. (1995, October 17-20 1995). Shared Annotation for Cooperative Learning. Paper presented at the Computer Support for Collaborative Learning 95, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.Deci, E. L., Vallerand, R. J., Pelletier, L. G., & Ryan, R. M. (1991). Motivation and education: The self-determination perspective. [Article]. Educational Psychologist, 26(3/4), 325-346.Dewey, J. (1897). My Pedagogic Creed. The School Journal, LIV(3), 77-80.Dewey, J. (1938). Experience and Education: Macmillan Press.Entwistle, N. (1998). Approaches to learning and forms of understanding. In B. Dart & G. Boulton-Lewis (Eds.), Teaching and Learning in Higher Education. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research.Feltovich, P. J., Spiro, R.J., Coulson, R.L., & Feltovich, J. (1996). Collaboration within and among minds: Mastering complexity, individually and in groups. In T. Koschmann (Ed.), CSCL: Theory and Practice of an Emerging Paradigm (pp. 25-44). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.Fox, S. (2000). Communities Of Practice, Foucault And Actor-Network Theory. Journal of Management Studies, 37(6), 853-868.Garrison, D. R., & Anderson, T. (2003). E-Learning in the 21st Century: A Framework for Research and Practice. London: RoutledgeFalmer.Garrison, R., Anderson, T., & Archer, W. (2000). Critical thinking in text-based environment: Computer conferencing in higher education. The Internet and Higher Education, 2(2), 87-105.Gibbons, H. S., & Wentworth, G. P. (2001). Andrological and Pedagogical Training Differences for Online Instructors. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, IV(III).Greener, S. L. (2003). Assessing readiness for self-directed learning: what works? Assignment for EdD Stage 1. University of Brighton.Habbeshaw, S., Habbeshaw, T., & Gibbs, G. (1987). 53 Interesting Things to do in your Seminars and Tutorials. Bristol: Technical and Educational Services.Hase, S., & Kenyon, C. (2000). From Andragogy to Heutagogy. ultiBASE. Retrieved from http://ultibase.rmit.edu.au/Articles/dec00/ hase2.htmHeylighen, A., Caesar, M., & Neuckermans, H. (2005). Sharing-in-Action: How designers can exchange insights without knowing. Paper presented at the Web Based Communities 2005, Algarve, Portugal.Hill, J. R., & Hannafin, M. J. (2001). Teaching and Learning in Digital Environments:The Resurgence of Resource-Based Learning. Educational Technology Research and Development, 49(4), 37-52.Hmelo-Silver, C. E., Nagarajan, A., & Derry, S. J. (2006). From face-to-face to online participation: Tensions in facilitating problem-based learning. In M. Savin-Baden & K. Wilkie (Eds.), Problem-based learning online (pp. 61-78). Maidenhead, Berkshire, England: Open University Press.Hwang, W.-Y., & Wang, C.-Y. (2004). A study of learning time patterns in asynchronous learning environments. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 20, 292-304.Illich, I. (1971). Deschooling Society. New York: Harper & Row.JISC. (2004).June 2011 Thursday, 9 Effective Practice with e-Learning. Bristol: HEFCE.
  16. 16. Putting elephants to work in AU http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Elephant_at_work.jpgThursday, 9 June 2011
  17. 17. Traditionally... • tutors, phone, email • isolated forums • err.... that’s about it • but it gets worse....Thursday, 9 June 2011
  18. 18. Dialogue v Structure Dialogue StructureThursday, 9 June 2011
  19. 19. Design for control Collective control Learner Negotiated Teacher control control control autonomy dialogue structureThursday, 9 June 2011
  20. 20. The Landing • a soft place • made of hard pieces and soft piecesThursday, 9 June 2011
  21. 21. Sharing ideas Bookmark Feeling less alone Wikis sharing Aggregating Knowing what others are doing and thinking Blogs Photo and media sharing Supporting course sharing and interaction Groups Knowing what is happening Microblogs (like Twitter) Finding interesting people Sharing Commenting discoveries File sharing Committees, centres, programs, study groups, hobbies, interests, leisure, research groups, newsletters Podcasting Collaborating Discussion Sustaining dialogue and communities http://landing.athabascau.caThursday, 9 June 2011
  22. 22. Sounds a bit like Facebook? • Ownership - it’s yours • Trust - everyone is known • Control - (especially privacy and access) • Focus - on AU (institutional integration) • The social network is a feature, not a destination • If you don’t pay for the product you are the productThursday, 9 June 2011
  23. 23. Sounds a bit like Moodle? • No special roles: everyone is equal (you, students, learning designers, admins, etc) • Anyone can create and share, whenever, however, with whoever • Soft, flexible, ad hoc, responsive, malleable • Extends beyond the course boundaries • Persists beyond the course (people and stuff)Thursday, 9 June 2011
  24. 24. Design patterns Soft Hard • Adapt • Automate • Aggregate • Replace • Recommend • Filter • Extend • LimitThursday, 9 June 2011
  25. 25. Not a panacea • confusing • serendipitous, connecting • complex • powerful • revealing • highly controllable access • loss of teacher control • empowers learners • lacking boundaries • opens bordersThursday, 9 June 2011
  26. 26. https://landing.athabascau.caThursday, 9 June 2011

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