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Early Governance

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    Early Governance Early Governance Presentation Transcript

      • May 12, 2010
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
      • The rules of the game and the structures that make and enforce these rules
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall Government
      • Power
      • The ability to get individuals, groups, or institutions to do something [they would not otherwise do]
      • Authority
      • The recognized right for a particular individual, group, or institution to make binding decisions
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
      • Monarchy (Constitutional or not)
      • Dictatorship
      • Oligarchy
      • Pluralism
      • Pure Democracy
      • Representative
      • Totalitarian
      • Authoritarian
      • Constitutional
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
      • Mayflower Compact
        • Legalized the Pilgrims’ position as a body politic
      • Colonial Assemblies
        • Every colony in the New World had an assembly
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
      • If the royal governors were responsive to the concerns of the assemblies, why did the colonists become dissatisfied with British rule?
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
      • Two developments upset the balance
        • Debate over the extent of royal authority in government
        • 2. Financial pressures of the French and Indian War
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
      • Financial causes
        • Great Squeeze
        • Townshend Acts
        • Stamp and Sugar Acts
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
      • In 1765, the Sons of Liberty organized in resistance to the Stamp Act
      • Held rallies, sponsored “committees of correspondence,” and recruited community leaders to their cause
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
      • Ideological Motivations
        • Creation of government with voice for all (white, male, propertied) citizens
        • “ No taxation without representation”
        • Debates over nature of self-governance
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
      • First Continental Congress
        • Many still hoped for compromise
      • Second Continental Congress
        • Battle of Lexington showed that compromise was impossible
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
      • Not really…
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
      • By December 1776, the British seemed to be winning the war
      • Three developments turned the war in favor of the colonists
          • High-profile victories
          • Thomas Paine’s “Crisis” papers
          • French government supported revolution
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
      • “ The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants.”
      • -Thomas Jefferson, 1787
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
    • Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
    •  
    • Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall Goal: to bring the thirteen states together while allowing each state to remain independent Adopted on March 1, 1781 Under the Articles, each state issued its own currency
    • Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
      • No power to regulate interstate commerce
      • -States could erect trade barriers against each other
      • No executive
      • No federal courts
      • No tax power
      • -Congress could only request money from the states
      • No ability to draft citizens for military service
      • No power over foreign policy
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
      • Shays’s Rebellion
        • Economic depression of mid-1780s
      • Daniel Shays
        • Rallied farmers to demand change from government
      Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall