Treatment of psychological


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Treatment of psychological

  1. 1. Treatment of PsychologicalDisorders<br />Jonathan Estes<br />26 July 2011<br />
  2. 2. Types of treatment <br />Psychoanalysis<br /> Humanistic Therapy (Client Centered and Gestalt)<br /> Behavior Therapy<br /> Cognitive Therapy<br />
  3. 3. Psychoanalysis<br />
  4. 4. Founding Psychiatrist <br />Sigmund Freud-An Austrian physician named Sigmund Freud changed the face of psychology in a dramatic way, proposing a theory of personality that emphasized the importance of the unconscious mind. Freud’s clinical work with patients suffering from hysteria and other ailments led him to believe that early childhood experiences and unconscious impulses contributed to the development of adult personality and behavior.<br />
  5. 5. Treatment proses <br /> the therapist does not tell the patient how to solve problems or offer moral judgments. The focus of treatment is exploration of the patient's mind and habitual thought patterns. Such therapy is termed "non-directed." It is also "insight-oriented," meaning that the goal of treatment is increased understanding of the sources of one's inner conflicts and emotional problems. The basic techniques of psychoanalytical treatment include: Therapist neutrality, Free association, Therapeutic alliance and transference, Interpretation, and Working through<br />
  6. 6. Humanistic Therapy <br />(Client Centered and Gestalt)<br />
  7. 7. Treatment proses <br />Humanistic Therapy overlaps considerably with existential approaches and emphasizes the growth and fulfillment of the self (self-actualization) through self-mastery, self-examination and creative expression. Although the influences of the unconscious and society are taken into account, freedom of choice in creating one’s experience is at the core, and is often referred to as “self determination.” The ideal description of a humanistic therapist is genuine, non-judgmental, and empathic, and uses open-ended responses, reflective listening and tentative interpretations to promote client self-understanding, acceptance and actualization<br />
  8. 8. Behavior Therapy<br />
  9. 9. Treatment proses <br />Behavior therapy is focused on helping an individual understand how changing their behavior can lead to changes in how they are feeling. The goal of behavior therapy is usually focused on increasing the person’s engagement in positive or socially reinforcing activities. Behavior therapy is a structured approach that carefully measures what the person is doing and then seeks to increase chances for positive experience. Common techniques include: Self-monitoring, Schedule of weekly Activities, Role playing, and Behavior Modification. <br />
  10. 10. Cognitive Therapy<br />
  11. 11. Treatment proses <br />Seven easy steps: <br />1: Write everything down, <br />2: Identify the upsetting event<br />3: Identify your negative emotions<br />4: Identify the negative thoughts that accompany your negative emotions<br />5: Identify distortions and substitute rational responses<br />6: Reconsider your upset<br />7: Plan corrective action<br />