Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
2007: User-generated & multi-media content -  Web 2.0’s challenges and opportunities for accessibility
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

2007: User-generated & multi-media content - Web 2.0’s challenges and opportunities for accessibility

419
views

Published on

Presentation given by Jonathan Hassell (Accessibility Editor, Digital Curriculum for BBC New Media) at eAccess 2007 conference. …

Presentation given by Jonathan Hassell (Accessibility Editor, Digital Curriculum for BBC New Media) at eAccess 2007 conference.

Covers: how to make user-generated content (on YouTube, blogs, Facebook, or on comments on your own website) accessible through accessible content building tools and moderation; how multimedia (video and games especially) presents a real challenge to people who rely on assistive technologies (especially blind people); how multimedia formats (especially video) can itself be an accessibility aid to people with literacy difficulties or who use British Sign Language; how learning from the accessibility games special interest group (IGDA-SIG) and audiogames.net can suggest some new innovations in multimedia for blind people

Published in: Technology, Design

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
419
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • So we have two aims for our accessibility programme: to be as accessible as reasonably possible across all dc materials to produce unique, innovative and groundbreaking materials for specific commissions for SEN groups
  • So we have two aims for our accessibility programme: to be as accessible as reasonably possible across all dc materials to produce unique, innovative and groundbreaking materials for specific commissions for SEN groups
  • So we have two aims for our accessibility programme: to be as accessible as reasonably possible across all dc materials to produce unique, innovative and groundbreaking materials for specific commissions for SEN groups
  • So we have two aims for our accessibility programme: to be as accessible as reasonably possible across all dc materials to produce unique, innovative and groundbreaking materials for specific commissions for SEN groups
  • So we have two aims for our accessibility programme: to be as accessible as reasonably possible across all dc materials to produce unique, innovative and groundbreaking materials for specific commissions for SEN groups
  • So we have two aims for our accessibility programme: to be as accessible as reasonably possible across all dc materials to produce unique, innovative and groundbreaking materials for specific commissions for SEN groups
  • So we have two aims for our accessibility programme: to be as accessible as reasonably possible across all dc materials to produce unique, innovative and groundbreaking materials for specific commissions for SEN groups
  • So we have two aims for our accessibility programme: to be as accessible as reasonably possible across all dc materials to produce unique, innovative and groundbreaking materials for specific commissions for SEN groups
  • So we have two aims for our accessibility programme: to be as accessible as reasonably possible across all dc materials to produce unique, innovative and groundbreaking materials for specific commissions for SEN groups
  • Transcript

    • 1. User-generated & multi-media content - Web 2.0 ’s challenges and opportunities for accessibility Jonathan Hassell Accessibility Editor BBC jam eAccess conference 2 nd May 2007
    • 2. What I ’ m going to talk about…
        • BBC & accessibility – some history
        • Web 2.0 – what is it?
        • Why it ’ s going to change all the rules for accessibility…
          • UGC
          • Multimedia
        • Opportunities as well as threats
        • How the BBC is looking at possible ways forwards…
      © BBC, 2007 Slide [email_address]
    • 3. BBC & accessibility – a brief history
        • BBC long-term commitment to making its output as accessible as possible to all audiences to fulfil its public service remit
        • TV/radio:
          • body of experience within the BBC of disability issues
            • TV accessibility – subtitles, signing, audio-description
            • established programmes and audiences (e.g. See Hear, In Touch), moving towards mainstream (Desperados)
        • Online:
          • 1998: Betsie – text-only tool for web pages (still used by other sites - e.g. Newcastle City Council)
          • 2002: bbc.co.uk accessibility training course (with AbilityNet) and ongoing standards & guidelines
          • 2005-6:
            • Helped write PAS-78 accessibility commissioning guidelines from BSI & DRC
            • BIMA Award winning My Web, My Way accessibility help site to help users understand how to customise their computers (with AbilityNet)
      © BBC, 2007 Slide [email_address]
    • 4. Web 2.0
        • characterised by…
          • User-Generated and collaborative content
            • Blogs
            • Social networking
            • Wikis
          • Rich Internet applications
            • use of AJAX, Flash etc.
          • [my addition] multimedia
            • audio, video, animation etc.
        • or, for a better definition, go to Wikipedia (the pre-eminent Web 2.0 site)
      © BBC, 2007 Slide [email_address]
    • 5. Why Web 2.0 is going to change accessibility – UGC
        • let ’ s start with UGC…
          • the site owners used to be the people who created content
          • increasingly now it ’ s their users creating the content
        • how is this going to change things?
        • well, this used to be my main “ accessibility evangelism ” slide – how it used to be…
      © BBC, 2007 Slide [email_address]
    • 6. Accessibility is a partnership
      • to make a website accessible, all of the following need to work together:
        • Website creators
        • Assistive technology creators (e.g. Freedom Scientific, ReadPlease)
        • Operating system creators (e.g. Microsoft, Apple)
        • Disability assessment agencies (e.g. AbilityNet, RNIB)
        • Browser creators (e.g. Microsoft, Opera)
        • comms via W3C-WAI…
      © BBC, 2007 Slide [email_address]
    • 7. Why Web 2.0 is going to change accessibility – UGC
        • because of the DDA, the disabled/accessibility community has had many successes persuading site owners to make their content accessible...
      © BBC, 2007 Slide [email_address]
    • 8. Why Web 2.0 is going to change accessibility - UGC
        • but how do you persuade the everyday users of Blogs, MySpace or Bebo (or even worse, YouTube) to make their content accessible?
        • how do you make social networking available to all?
      © BBC, 2007 Slide [email_address]
    • 9. Why Web 2.0 is going to change accessibility - UGC
        • in case you think such places aren ’ t important…
          • blogs have been identified as changing election results (US 2004-6)
          • AbilityNet have an accessibility channel on YouTube
          • the BBC has just bought an island in virtual community Second Life
          • and many sites have a “ have your say… now with imaging… ”
      © BBC, 2007 Slide [email_address]
    • 10. Why Web 2.0 is going to change accessibility - UGC
        • here it ’ s about the tools and the moderation
        • the tools:
          • does the content building tool include a mechanism for enabling users to include accessibility support? (link with the lesser-known ATAG guidelines from WAI)
        • the moderation:
          • will the moderators of content (if there are some) consider it important to ensure users include that accessibility support?
            • without DDA or potential commercial gain to help… where ’ s the argument to say it ’ s worth their while?
        • the BBC are looking at how we can do this…
          • we ’ re using the “ moderator adds the accessibility ” approach
      © BBC, 2007 Slide [email_address]
    • 11. Why Web 2.0 is going to change accessibility - multimedia
        • moving on to multimedia
          • the bulk of the content used to be text + graphics…
          • the content is moving on to incorporate
            • audio (podcasting)
            • video
            • animation
            • applications
            • games
        • how is this going to change things?
        • let ’ s look at that “ accessibility evangelism ” slide again...
      © BBC, 2007 Slide [email_address]
    • 12. Accessibility is a partnership
      • to make a website accessible, all of the following need to work together:
        • Website creators
        • Assistive technology creators (e.g. Freedom Scientific, ReadPlease)
        • Operating system creators (e.g. Microsoft, Apple)
        • Disability assessment agencies (e.g. AbilityNet, RNIB)
        • Browser creators (e.g. Microsoft, Opera)
        • comms via W3C-WAI…
      © BBC, 2007 Slide [email_address]
    • 13. Why Web 2.0 is going to change accessibility - multimedia
        • Threats:
          • the accessibility chain doesn ’ t work any more...
          • find me the assistive technology that can make video or games accessible for blind children…
          • this is why new techniques are necessary (cf. WCAG 2)
            • the web ’ s less and less about HTML
            • it ’ s less and less about ATs which assume that (esp. screenreaders)
            • and it ’ s about the content… not just the controls
              • “ accessible multi-media browsers ” are useful, but how do you do ‘ alt-text ’ for a video?
          • and why we need to bring in other accessibility professionals, from:
            • TV (subtitling, audio description) and interactive TV
            • video games (which use it all)
      © BBC, 2007 Slide [email_address]
    • 14. Why Web 2.0 is going to change accessibility - multimedia
        • but it ’ s not all bad...
        • Opportunities:
          • these are huge, for many disabled people who sometimes get forgotten
            • WCAG doesn ’ t say much about learning difficulties, autism, Deaf…
            • but video, for many, is more accessible than text - why have “ Plain English ” when you can have TV?
          • e.g. rich-media can give us great opportunities to help Deaf people (BBC R&D)
        • get rid of the phrase “ it is/isn ’ t accessible… ”
          • replace it with “ it is/isn ’ t accessible to people with this disability ” ?
          • understand that sometimes you can ’ t please all of the people with one product…
      © BBC, 2007 Slide [email_address]
    • 15. Why Web 2.0 is going to change accessibility - multimedia
        • but what about Blind people?
        • will this move from text to multimedia bring the same problems as the move from MS-DOS to Mac & Windows?
        • possibly, but help is at hand…
          • established media techniques – audio-description
          • new techniques - audiogames (more R&D from BBC jam )
      © BBC, 2007 Slide [email_address]
    • 16. e: jonathan@hassellinclusion.com t: @jonhassell w: www.hassellinclusion.com Contact me