• With an estimated area of over 8.5 million km ², is the fifth largest country in the world in total area (equivalent to 47% of the South American territory). Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7491 km.Al north bordering Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French overseas department of French Guiana, on the northwest by Colombia, on the west by Bolivia and Peru; southeast with Argentina, Paraguay and on the south by Uruguay. This borders on all South American countries except Ecuador and Chile. For the most part, the country is between the tropics ground, so that they do not feel seasons in a manner largely radical thereof. The Amazon rainforest covers 3.6 million square kilometers of its territory. Thanks to its climate and vegetation, is one of the countries with the most species of animals in the world.
• The first inhabitants of present Brazil were the Arawak and Carib Indians, to the north, the Tupi-Guarani, on the east coast and the Amazon basin, the Ge, installed in the eastern and southern regions of the country, and Pano, west. Most of these tribes were semi- nomadic and lived by hunting, gathering and primary agriculture. The pimer European explorer was the Spanish navigator Vicente Yáñez Pinzón. After his transatlantic crossing, landed near the site of the present Recife, on January 26, 1500. Naegó then along the coast to the north, to the mouth of the Orinoco River. However, under the decisions of the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), which amended the parting line introduced in 1493 by Pope Alexander VI to mark the Spanish and Portuguese empires, the new territory was awarded to Portugal. Spain claimed not then the discovery of Finch.
• In April 1500, the Portuguese navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral also reached the Brazilian coast. The region officially proclaimed possession of Portugal. The territory was called Terra da Vera Cruz (in Portuguese, "Land of the True Cross"). In 1501, the Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci led an expedition on this new territory at the instigation of the Portuguese government. During dee stas explorations Vespucci recognized and named many capes and bays, including Rio de Janeiro. He returned to Portugal with braziletto (Pernambuco wood that provided a red dye). The Terra da Vera Cruz took, from this date, the name of Brazil. In 1530, the King of Portugal, John III the Pious, undertook a program of systematic colonization of Brazil. Thomé de Souza, arrived in Brazil in 1549, set up a central government whose capital was fixed in the new city of Salvador de Bahia. Completely reformed the administration and justice. To protect the country from the French threat, established a coastal defense system. The importation of many African slaves allowed the shortage of local labor. It was during this period, in 1554 exactly, which was founded in the south of São Paulo.
• Music Brazileña Brazilian music is a true reflection of the cultural diversity of this country, Aboriginal, African and European. In addition to the samba and bossa nova, famous throughout the world, there are several identifying paradigmatic genres of Brazilian music. Like all expressions of Brazilian culture, Brazilian music is a mixture of many different influences, brewing throughout its history a variety of regional rhythms. European musical traditions, indigenous African rhythms and styles have been hybridized from colonial times to form a panorama of sounds unique in the world.
• Choro samba Bossa-nova Tropicalismo Brazilian Popular Music Music of Pará Baião music sertaneja Pagode maracatu frevo forró Ciranda Genres gauchos lambada
• Brazilian cuisine varies greatly depending on each region, so that reflects the mixture of native populations and immigrants. This has defined a national cuisine marked by the preservation of these regional differences. Among the best examples are Feijoada, considered the national dish; vatapá, moqueca, polenta and acarajé. Brazil has a variety of candies such as brigadier and beijiño. The national beverage is coffee and cachaça, a distilled beverage native to Brazil. This drink is distilled from sugar cane and is the main ingredient in the national cocktail, the caipirinha. Despite the variety of dishes, a typical Brazilian meal consists of rice and beans, accompanied beef or pork and ensalada.Gracias tropical climate that prevails in much of its territory in Brazil cultivated a variety fruit, such as mango, papaya, acai, the cupuaçu, oranges, cocoa, cashew, guava, passion fruit and pineapple.
• The constitution provides for freedom of religion and separation of church and state, making Brazil an officially secular state. The law prohibits any type of religious intolerance, although the Catholic Church enjoys a more privileged status. This may relate to the fact that Roman Catholicism is the predominant faith in the country, so that Brazil has the largest Catholic population in the world
• The Brazilian Federation is formed by the indissoluble union of three distinct political entities: the States, the Municipalities and the Federal District. The Union was formed by the states, the Federal District, and the municipalities, are the "spheres of government." The Federation is set on five fundamental principles: sovereignty, citizenship, dignity, social values of labor and freedom of enterprise, and political pluralism. The classical division of power in three executive, legislative, and judicial is formally established by the Constitution. The executive and legislative are organized independently in all three spheres of government, while the judiciary is organized only at the federal and state spheres and the Federal District.