Nicolas Rivera Lenis

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Nicolas Rivera Lenis

  1. 1. COMMUNITIES OF AMISH AND CALI PEOPLE
  2. 2. WHAT IS AMISH? The various Amish (pronounced  /ˈɑːmɪʃ/ ,  AH-mish ) ( Pennsylvania Dutch :  Amish ,  German :  Amish ) or Amish Mennonite church fellowships are Christian religious denominations that form a very traditional sub grouping of  Mennonite  churches. The Amish are known for  simple living ,  plain dress , and reluctance to adopt modern convenience.
  3. 3. THE HISTORY OF AMISH CHURCH The history of the Amish church began with a schism in Switzerland within a group of Swiss and   Alsatian Anabaptists   in 1693 led by   Jakob Ammann . [2]   Those who followed Ammann became known as Amish . [3]   These followers were originally from three main places: the German-speaking parts of Switzerland, the Alsace of France, and the Palatinate of Germany. In the early 18th century, many Amish and Mennonites emigrated to Pennsylvania for a variety of reasons. Today, the most traditional descendants of the Amish continue to speak Pennsylvania German , also known as   Pennsylvania Dutch .
  4. 4. However, a dialect of Swiss German predominates in some Old Order Amish communities, especially in the American state of   Indiana . [4]   Over the years, the Amish churches have divided many times over doctrinal disputes. The 'Old Order' Amish, a conservative faction that withdrew from fellowship with the wider body of Amish in the 1860s, are those that have most emphasized traditional practices and beliefs.
  5. 8. Santiago de Cali (Spanish pronunciation:  [sanˈtjaɣo ðe ˈkali] ), simply referred to as Cali, is a city in western Colombia  and the capital of the  Valle del Cauca Department . With a population of 2,232,158 Cali is the third largest city in the country. It has one of the fastest growing economies and infrastructure in the country because of its geographical location. The city was founded on July 25, 1536 by the Spanish conquistador   Sebastian de Belalcázar .
  6. 10. He was born Sebastián Moyano in the province of Córdoba , Spain , in either 1479 or 1480. He took the name Belalcázar as that was the name of the castle-town near to his birthplace in Córdoba. According to various sources, he may have left for the New World with Christopher Columbus as early as 1498, but Juan de Castellanos wrote that he killed a mule in 1507, and fled Spain for the West Indies due to fear of punishment, and as a chance to escape the poverty in which he lived.

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