Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Capital punishment
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Capital punishment

  • 485 views
Published

History of the death penalty and a debate on whether the death penalty should be abolished.

History of the death penalty and a debate on whether the death penalty should be abolished.

Published in Education , News & Politics
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
485
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
23
Comments
0
Likes
1

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide
  • The first person to be executed in the United States by lethal gas was Gee Jon, on February 8, 1924.

Transcript

  • 1. Capital punishment and penal law
  • 2. Why Does the State Punish ? WHY?
  • 3. TYPES OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
  • 4. Genesis… • In the 18th Century BC, the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon. (murder was not one of them) • The first death sentence historically recorded occurred in 16th Century BC Egypt. • In the 14th Century BC, the Hittite Code also prescribed the death penalty
  • 5. 7th Century BC… Draconian Code of Athens • Athenian lawgiver whose harsh legal code punished both trivial and serious crimes in Athens with death. • Origin of the word DRACONIAN laws. • Laws originally meant for ‘hoplites’.
  • 6. 5th Century BC… • Roman Law of the Twelve Tablets codified the death penalty. • Death penalty was mainly reserved for slaves and POWs. • Common modes of capital punishment:– Beheading – Scourging – Crucifixion • The Roman ruling class monetised the practice of capital punishment by making it a public spectacle…
  • 7. 3rd Century AD… • Roman empire replaced by Holy Roman Empire. • Ruled by Constantine. • Abolishment of crucifixion. • Laws became lenient. • Islam was born. • The Shariat law • Beheading and stoning.
  • 8. The Mongols • Death penalty reserved mainly for treason. • Quartering was the preferred mode of execution.
  • 9. Dark Ages… • The Christian Church ruled whole of Europe. • The Church invented innovative ways of capital punishment. • Burning at the stake. • Death penalty was given mainly for heresy.
  • 10. Colonial Era… • Europe and North America were the most powerful regions in the world. • Modern laws . • Hanging was main mode of execution. • Crushing by elephant and beheading.
  • 11. French Revolution • Guillotine was widely used in France as a quick and painless way to behead a person. • King Louis XVI was one of the famous personalities to be killed by the guillotine. • The last public execution by guillotine was in 1931.
  • 12. The Electric Chair • The chair was first adopted in 1889 and the first execution took place in 1890 in New York. • The prisoner is strapped to the chair with metal straps in front of an audience and a wet sponge is placed on his head to aid conductivity. • In several instances, the subjects were killed only after being subjected to multiple electric shocks.
  • 13. The Firing Squad • Considered by many to be the most honorable method of execution, which is why it is specifically never used on war criminals. • The method is often the supreme punishment or disciplinary means employed for crimes such as treason, desertion, or mutiny. • If the condemned does not die, he is given a Coup de Grace or ‘Blow of Mercy’
  • 14. Stoning • Arguably the world’s oldest form of execution. • It is an authorized form of execution in many middle eastern and Sub-Saharan countries. • It is primarily enforced by Islamic fundamentalist Sharia law. • The stones must not be large enough to cause a quick death but also not small enough to inflict little pain. • Stoning continues to face strong opposition for its barbaric nature.
  • 15. The Gas Chamber • The Gas Chamber were first used in the 1920’s as a method of execution in the USA. • A gas chamber is an apparatus for executing people by placing them in a sealed chamber where poisonous or asphyxiant gas is introduced. • By the 1980s, reports of suffering during gas chamber executions had led to controversy over the use of this method. • By the late 20th century, most states had switched to methods considered to be more humane, such as lethal injection.
  • 16. Lethal Injection • It is the most common form of execution in the United States of America today. • Drugs are injected manually by the executioner and not by machine to safeguard against mechanical failure. • The executioner injects three drugs in sequence: – 5g Pentothol which is intended to induce a coma – 100mg Pancuronim bromide which causes paralysis – 100mEq Potassium chloride which causes Cardiac Arrest • The Lethal Injection is still not completely fail-safe.
  • 17. United Nations Moratorium on The Death Penalty • It calls on States that maintain the death penalty to establish a moratorium on the use of the death penalty. • Resolution passed in 2010 with 109 for and 41 against. • Draft resolution was passed to abolish the death penalty; India was among 39 countries that voted against the death penalty.
  • 18. The Way Forward • Norway’s $280 million Halden Prison – Televisions, refrigerators, desi gner furniture – Aims to teach convicts how to live like normal human beings • Norway has the 10th lowest murder rate in the world. • The benefits of reform exemplified in the Tihar Jail Factory.
  • 19. To Kill or not to kill That is the question
  • 20. Some funny last words. How about this for a headline for tomorrow's paper? French fries. Executed in electric chair in Oklahoma. ~~ James French, d. 1966 I did not get my Spaghetti-O's, I got spaghetti. I want the press to know this. Executed by injection, Oklahoma. ~~ Thomas J. Grasso, d. March 20, 1995