Biography Born and dead: (469 - 470 BC) Deme Alopece, Athens; 399 BC (age approx. 71) Athens. Era: Ancient philosophy. Region: Western Philosophy. School: Classical Greek. Main interests: Epistemology, ethics. Notable ideas: Socratic method, Socratic irony. Father : Sophroniscus. Mother: Phaenarete. Wife: Xanthippe. Sons:Lamprocles, Sophroniscus and Menexenus. Students: Plato, Xenophon, Aristotle, and Aristophanes.
Important facts Socrates was a person of middle economic status. Socrates had difficulty to be a philosopher because in the past was hard to be one, with low money. Socrates focused him philosophy in humans and society as a group. Socrates knowledge is to form the humans for goodness. Socrates looked a way to watch the knowledge that was the universal values; and the thinked that the teaching of it is divided in two ways.
Philosophy 1.- The dialectical method is dialogue between two or more people holding different points of view about a subject, who wish to establish the truth of the matter by dialogue, with reasoned arguments and Maieutics is a pedagogical method based on the idea that the truth is latent in the mind of every human being due to innate reason but has to be "given birth" by answering intelligently proposed questions
2.- Irony is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or situation in which there is a sharp incongruity or discordance that goes beyond the simple and evident intention of words or actions. Socratic irony is a technique used in the Socratic method of teaching. Irony is employed when someone says something that conveys a message that contradicts the literal words. In the case of Socratic irony, Socrates might pretend to think his students wise or he might denigrate his own intelligence, as by pretending he doesnt know the answer.
Socrates influence in XXI century The influence of the philosophy of Socrates in this century is very big, because the knowledge of him is for the goodness. In philosopher of this century is very important to be intellectuals and practice it to improve in all needs and to be better. So Socrates thinked that universal values and the practice the knowledge will be help us to be better too.