Stonehenge Located on the Salisbury Plain of Southern England, Stonehenge is amegalithic rock monument of 150 enormous stones set in a purposefulcircular pattern, whose main portion was built about 2000 BC. Stonehenge is one of the most famous archeological sites in theworld. It is composed of a circular setting of large standing stones setwithin earthworks. This outside circle, whose diameter is about 30 meters,includes 17 enormous upright trimmed stones of hard sandstone calledsarsen; some paired with a lintel over the top. Inside the circle are five more paired-and-linteled stones of sarsen,called trilithons, each of these weighing 50 to 60 tons, and the tallest,
seven meters high. Finally, a few smaller stones of bluestone quarried inWestern Wales, are set in two horseshoe patterns. A large block of Welshsandstone marks the center of the monument. Stonehenge has been the focus of archeological investigationsbeginning in the 17th century. However, the true meaning of this ancient,awe-inspiring creation has been lost in the mists of time. Was Stonehengea temple for sun worship, a healing center, a burial site, or perhaps a hugecalendar? No one can tell for sure. How did this primitive people manage tocarry the mighty stones from so far away and then, using only the mostprimitive of tools, build this amazing structure? Archeologists fail to tell thetruth; they just can state theories that get to change from time to time. While the real significance of Stonehenge is very much under debateby experts, most theories suggest that the site was built for ceremonial
use. Archeological evidence has indicated that the monument isastronomically aligned, placing particular significance on solstice andequinox points. There has been some speculation as to whether the monument couldhave been used to predict solar and lunar eclipses. In addition, manyscientists believe that Stonehenge could have had some spiritual meaningand ritual uses for the prehistoric people who built it. If you ever go to England, Stonehenge never fails to impress thevisitor.