How to compile a kernel   suse 1
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How to compile a kernel suse 1 Document Transcript

  • 1. How To Compile A Kernel - The SuSE Way | HowtoForge - Linux How... http://www.howtoforge.com/kernel_compilation_suse Howtos Forums News Search Contribute Subscription FAQForge Options For This Howto Free Support Paid Support Navigation Howtos Linux CentOS Debian Fedora Kernel Mandriva PCLinuxOS SuSE Ubuntu Apache Backup Control Panels DNS Desktop Email Anti-Spam/Virus Postfix Procmail Sendmail FTP High-Availability Lighttpd Monitoring MySQL Programming C/C++ PHP Samba Security Anti-Spam/Virus Virtualization Other FreeBSD Commercial Mini-Howtos Forums Contribute Subscription Login Site Map/RSS Feeds User login Username: Password:1 de 8 02/12/2009 11:43
  • 2. How To Compile A Kernel - The SuSE Way | HowtoForge - Linux How... http://www.howtoforge.com/kernel_compilation_suse Remember Me? Create a new account Request new password Ads by Google Linux Tutorial Linux Setup Mosix Kernel Openmosix 2.6 Whos online There are currently 18 users and 2774 guests online. HowtoForge Forums How to setup getmail to download just some ... Troubleshoot network problems VLC player -For all format media file. Cronjob problem Downloadable Vmware Images ERROR: Connection dropped by IMAP server Roundcube emails In Centos-installing Courier-IMAP-Authl ib,And ... GlusterFS write issue Internet acceleration and cashing News Dont need groupware? Organize your life with Osmo SugarCRM Gets a True Open Source Visionary in Larry Augustin What Kind Of Bird Are You Booting? HD-ready smartphone supports Linux and Android Nokia Releases Qt 4.6 Howto setup Wireless on Chrome OS Security in Linux and how to optimise it The Phoronix Kernel Test Farm Is Alive What will Fedora 13 Linux be named? KDE Community Delivers Incremental Innovations With New KDE 4.3 Release more2 de 8 02/12/2009 11:43
  • 3. How To Compile A Kernel - The SuSE Way | HowtoForge - Linux How... http://www.howtoforge.com/kernel_compilation_suse Recent comments Re: I was able toCreate a 1 day 2 hours ago Re: It might be worth pointing 1 day 13 hours ago thank you for the article 1 day 16 hours ago hello, i have the same problem with squirrelmail and domains 1 day 19 hours ago I followed this guide to 1 day 21 hours ago After running, yum 1 day 23 hours ago It might be worth pointing 2 days 1 hour ago Very good 2 days 6 hours ago step #4 2 days 7 hours ago endian 2 days 8 hours ago Newsletter Subscribe to HowtoForge Newsletter and stay informed about our latest HOWTOs and projects. (To unsubscribe from our newsletter, visit this link.) Syndicate HowtoForge Feed for Facebook® "Facebook" is a registered trademark of Facebook, Inc. All rights reserved. English | Deutsch | Site Map/RSS Feeds | Advertise www.Totalviewtech.com Ads by Google You are here: Home » Howtos » Linux » Kernel » How To Compile A Kernel - The SuSE Way How To Compile A Kernel - The SuSE Way3 de 8 02/12/2009 11:43
  • 4. How To Compile A Kernel - The SuSE Way | HowtoForge - Linux How... http://www.howtoforge.com/kernel_compilation_suse Do you like HowtoForge? Please consider supporting us by becoming a subscriber. Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Sun, 2006-11-19 18:22. :: Kernel | SuSE 1 tweet How To Compile A Kernel - The retweet SuSE Way Version 1.0 Author: Falko Timme <ft [at] falkotimme [dot] com> Last edited 11/17/2006 Each distribution has some specific tools to build a custom kernel from the sources. This article is about compiling a kernel on SuSE systems. It describes how to build a custom kernel using the latest unmodified kernel sources from www.kernel.org (vanilla kernel) so that you are independent www.ManageEngine.com Ads by Google from the kernels supplied by your distribution. It also shows how to patch the kernel sources if you need features that are not in there. I have tested this on SuSE 10.1. I want to say first that this is not the only way of setting up such a system. There are many ways of achieving this goal but this is the way I take. I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you! 1 Preliminary Note The goal of this tutorial is to build a kernel rpm package that can be installed on the system, and that you can share with others and install on other SuSE systems which is a big advantage compared to the "traditional" way where you dont end up with an rpm package. 2 Install Required Packages For Kernel Compilation We must install ncurses-devel which is needed by the make menuconfig command which we run later on: yast -i ncurses-devel Next we must modify a few tools that are needed to build our kernel. If we dont modify them, we will get the following error message during the kernel build process: /usr/lib/rpm/find-requires.ksyms: line 12: /usr/bin/nm: Argument list too long and we wont be able to install our kernel rpm package. Before we modify the tools, we create backup copies of them: cp /usr/lib/rpm/find-provides.ksyms /usr/lib/rpm/find-provides.ksyms_orig cp /usr/lib/rpm/find-requires.ksyms /usr/lib/rpm/find-requires.ksyms_orig cp /usr/lib/rpm/find-supplements.ksyms /usr/lib/rpm/find-supplements.ksyms_orig Then we open each of these scripts and replace kernel-*) is_kernel_package=1 ;; with kernel*) is_kernel_package=1 ;;: vi /usr/lib/rpm/find-provides.ksyms4 de 8 02/12/2009 11:43
  • 5. How To Compile A Kernel - The SuSE Way | HowtoForge - Linux How... http://www.howtoforge.com/kernel_compilation_suse [...] #kernel-*) is_kernel_package=1 ;; kernel*) is_kernel_package=1 ;; [...] vi /usr/lib/rpm/find-requires.ksyms [...] #kernel-*) is_kernel_package=1 ;; kernel*) is_kernel_package=1 ;; [...] vi /usr/lib/rpm/find-supplements.ksyms [...] #kernel-*) is_kernel_package=1 ;; kernel*) is_kernel_package=1 ;; [...] 3 Download The Kernel Sources Next we download our desired kernel to /usr/src. Go to www.kernel.org and select the kernel you want to install, e.g. linux-2.6.18.2.tar.bz2 (you can find all 2.6 kernels here: http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux /kernel/v2.6/). Then you can download it to /usr/src like this:5 de 8 02/12/2009 11:43
  • 6. How To Compile A Kernel - The SuSE Way | HowtoForge - Linux How... http://www.howtoforge.com/kernel_compilation_suse cd /usr/src wget http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v2.6/linux-2.6.18.2.tar.bz2 Then we unpack the kernel sources and create a symlink linux to the kernel sources directory: tar xjf linux-2.6.18.2.tar.bz2 ln -s linux-2.6.18.2 linux cd /usr/src/linux 4 Apply Patches To The Kernel Sources (Optional) Sometimes you need drivers for hardware that isnt supported by the new kernel by default, or you need support for virtualization techniques or some other bleeding-edge technology that hasnt made it to the kernel yet. In all these cases you have to patch the kernel sources (provided there is a patch available...). Now lets assume you have downloaded the needed patch (I call it patch.bz2 in this example) to /usr/src. This is how you apply it to your kernel sources (you must still be in the /usr/src/linux directory): bzip2 -dc /usr/src/patch.bz2 | patch -p1 --dry-run bzip2 -dc /usr/src/patch.bz2 | patch -p1 The first command is just a test, it does nothing to your sources. If it doesnt show errors, you can run the second command which actually applies the patch. Dont do it if the first command shows errors! If your patches are compressed with gzip (.gz) instead of bzip2 (.bz2), then you patch your kernel as follows: gunzip -c /usr/src/patch.gz | patch -p1 --dry-run gunzip -c /usr/src/patch.gz | patch -p1 You can also apply kernel prepatches to your kernel sources. For example, if you need a feature that is available only in kernel 2.6.19-rc6, but the full sources havent been released yet for this kernel. Instead, a patch-2.6.19-rc6.bz2 is available. You can apply that patch to the 2.6.18 kernel sources, but not to kernel 2.6.18.1 or 2.6.18.2, etc. This is explained on http://kernel.org/patchtypes/pre.html: Prepatches are the equivalent to alpha releases for Linux; they live in the testing directories in the archives. They should be applied using the patch(1) utility to the source code of the previous full release with a 3-part version number (for example, the 2.6.12-rc4 prepatch should be applied to the 2.6.11 kernel sources, not, for example, 2.6.11.10.) So if you want to compile a 2.6.19-rc6 kernel, you must download the 2.6.18 kernel sources (http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v2.6/linux-2.6.18.tar.bz2) in step 3 instead of kernel 2.6.18.2! This is how you apply the 2.6.19-rc6 patch to kernel 2.6.18: cd /usr/src6 de 8 02/12/2009 11:43
  • 7. How To Compile A Kernel - The SuSE Way | HowtoForge - Linux How... http://www.howtoforge.com/kernel_compilation_suse wget http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v2.6/testing/patch-2.6.19-rc6.bz2 cd /usr/src/linux bzip2 -dc /usr/src/patch-2.6.19-rc6.bz2 | patch -p1 --dry-run bzip2 -dc /usr/src/patch-2.6.19-rc6.bz2 | patch -p1 How To Compile A Kernel - The SuSE Way - Page 2 How To Compile A Kernel - The SuSE Way - Page 3 next How To Compile A Kernel - The SuSE Way - Page 2 Copyright © 2006 Falko Timme All Rights Reserved. add comment | view as pdf | print: this | all page(s) | Related Tutorials How To Compile A Kernel - The Fedora Way How To Compile A Kernel - The Ubuntu Way Compile Kernel 2.6 under Debian Sarge Debian-Kernel-Compile-Howto (Kernel 2.6) Debian-Kernel-Compile-Howto (Kernel 2.4) Please do not use the comment function to ask for help! If you need help, please use our forum. Comments will be published after administrator approval. Thanks! Submitted by Gorge (registered user) on Sat, 2008-05-10 03:23. Thank you so much for this tutorial! It was extremely helpful! reply | view as pdf Thanks for this great Submitted by elsint (registered user) on Sat, 2007-05-12 07:36. Thanks for this great tutorial!! I compiled my openSUSE Linux 10.2 Kernel without a problem. As ckelloug mentioned ksyms files are fixed on openSUSE 10.2 and do not need fixing. Cagdas Cubukcu reply | view as pdf Suse 10.2 Submitted by ckelloug (registered user) on Fri, 2007-01-12 17:00. Note that OpenSuSE 10.2 has fixed the ksyms files described in step 2 so that they are correct. It still might be good to check them though. reply | view as pdf Sponsored Links: Unified Communications: Thoughts, Strategies and Predictions7 de 8 02/12/2009 11:43
  • 8. How To Compile A Kernel - The SuSE Way | HowtoForge - Linux How... http://www.howtoforge.com/kernel_compilation_suse Join the discussion. www.seamlessenterprise.com IP Convergence Integrate your wireless and wireline networks. Learn how from the experts at Sprint. www.seamlessenterprise.com Wireless & Wireline Integration Thoughts, strategies and solutions: join the discussion www.seamlessenterprise.com Unified Communications 2009 Join the Discussion. Now. www.seamlessenterprise.com Red Hat Virtual Experience - a free virtual event. Dec. 9th Trial: IBM Cognos Express Reporting, Analysis & Planning Free White Papers Challenges and Characteristics of Enterprise Continuous Integration This whitepaper explores the challenges of continuous integration in the ente... Enterprise Authentication: Increasing Security Without Breaking The Bank Experts agree that username/password authentication does not provide enough p... Edison Group, Comparative Management Costs Study: Oracle Database 11g vs. Mic... In this whitepaper presented by the Edison Group, reveals how Oracle Database... More White Papers Howtos | Mini-Howtos | Forums | News | Search | Contribute | Subscription Site Map/RSS Feeds | Advertise | Contact | Disclaimer | Imprint Copyright © 2009 HowtoForge - Linux Howtos and Tutorials All Rights Reserved.8 de 8 02/12/2009 11:43