2.
Modeling is an instructional strategy in
which the teacher demonstrates a new
concept or approach to learning and
students learn by observing.
3.
• an engaging teaching strategy, able to
reach the learning needs of most
students. As a technique, teacher
modeling involves breaking down a task
into specific tasks, and demonstrating
each task multiple times in front of
the class. This gives students an
opportunity to mimic the technique the
teacher used.
4.
• relies on the teacher to actively
demonstrate, while verbally discussing,
the process of using the lesson.
5.
According to social theorist Albert
Bandura
•
“Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not
to mention hazardous, if people had to rely
solely on the effects of their own actions to
inform them what to do. Fortunately, most
human behavior is learned observationally
through modeling: from observing others one
forms an idea of how new behaviors are
performed, and on later occasions this coded
information serves as a guide for action.”2
6.
How is Modeling done
by the teacher
The teacher provides a structure to guide
students by:
• Describing the skill or strategy
• Clearly describing features of the
strategy or steps in performing the skill
7.
• Breaking the skill into learnable parts
• Describing/modeling using a variety of
techniques
• Engaging students in learning through
showing enthusiasm, keeping a steady
pace, asking good questions, and
checking for student understanding
8.
Types of Modeling
• Disposition modeling
In disposition modeling, teachers and
students convey personal values or ways
of thinking.
9.
• Task and performance modeling
Task modeling occurs when the
teacher demonstrates a task students
will be expected to do on their own.
10.
• Metacognitive modeling
Metacognitive modeling
demonstrates how to think in lessons that
focus on interpreting information and
data, analyzing statements, and making
conclusions about what has been learned.
11.
• Modeling as a scaffolding technique
When using modeling as a scaffolding
technique, teachers must consider
students’ position in the learning
process.
12.
• Student-centered modeling
In student-centered modeling,
teachers engage students who have
mastered specific concepts or learning
outcomes in the task of modeling for
their peers.
13.
Multiple Learning Modes
• The teacher modeling strategy engages
students who are :
• Visual learners- see the teacher
perform the task in front of the class.
• Auditory learners- hear the teacher
describe each step.
14.
• Tactile learners- write notes about the
process the teacher uses
•
Kinesthetic learners- benefit
by seeing the steps to perform the
lesson, allowing them to repeat the
steps in their own work.
15.
Final Words on Modeling
Modeling takes time.
However, it will inspire students to do
on their own, which in the long run will
save time.
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