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History of Computers in Schools

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A brief history of computers in the school system. 1960's - to - present.

A brief history of computers in the school system. 1960's - to - present.

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  • 1. History of Computers in Education Jolina Shue EDUC 515 - Educational Technology & Learning San Diego Regional Center Master’s Digital Teaching & Learning Professor: Jeff McKendricks Summer 2009
  • 2. A brief history 1965: Mainframes and Microcomputers put into schools - used mostly for administration and counseling. 1960’s: Computers used in education for computer- assisted instruction (CAI). Purpose was to help students with skills, not advance their knowledge through higher order thinking activities.
  • 3. 1975: Apple I Computers donated to schools. 1980’s: Teachers afraid they would be replaced by computers & fearful of computer malfunctions. Overall, the 80’s had little in the way of educational soft ware. Teacher’s were asking, “how do I use a computer in my classroom?” Educational philosophy at the time - students needed to know how the computer worked (programing language).
  • 4. Students sent to a computer lab to learn by a computer teacher. 1983: Belief surfacing that computers can be used to support teaching. Apple II Computers find widespread acceptance in education and Apple develops computer based tutorials and learning games.
  • 5. With the development of AppleWorks, school computers had word processing, spreadsheet, database, paint and draw application. This caused a move away from teaching programming. 1992: Many computers in schools, but they could not manage the latest soft ware available and were using gopher ser vers to provide students with online information.
  • 6. Computing power was surpassing the capacity and budgets of schools and they were left with outdates computers. Early 1990’s: textbook companies were pairing textbooks with laser disks. Barcodes used in texts with a barcode reader allowed teachers to access resources on the laser disc (film footage, video clips, still images & diagrams). 1993: Barcodes placed on library books - no more paper library cards to check out books. 1995: Internet starting to be used in schools.
  • 7. 1996: New graphics ad multimedia tools are developed for delivery of information and instruction using the internet. Schools start re- wiring for internet access. 1997-present: Schools continually attempt to integrate computers into direct instruction, but lack of money and unchanging mindsets place roadblocks on technology integration.
  • 8. Sadly, although computers are present in the classrooms, teaching styles have not changed much.
  • 9. References California State Long Beach University. History, the history of computers,and the history of computers in education. <http://www.csulb.edu/~murdock/histofcs.html>. Retrieved June 25, 2009. IGI Global. A brief history of computers, computing in education. <https:/ /igi-pub.com/downloads/excerpts/ SchifterExc.pdf>. Retrieved June 25, 2009. Google Images

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