Getty Scholars’ Workspace
An Online Collaboration and Publication Tool for Scholars
The Getty Research Institute
The Getty...
Scholarly Process

Photo: Kamal H. http://www.flickr.com/photos/97715891@N00/384258821/
Scholarly Process

Photo: David VDM. http://www.flickr.com/photos/12915821@N00/4746094571/
Analog Scholarship
Analog Scholarship
•
•
•
•
•

Solo exploration
Verbal idea-sharing
Unlinked data
Image rights issues
Physical publications
Analog Scholarship
•
•
•
•
•

Solo exploration
Verbal idea-sharing
Unlinked data
Image rights issues
Physical publications...
“Scholars are working on the same
topics separately. We may have these
tools, but we don’t cooperate. This is
a way to bri...
What would a digital version of this look like?

http://prezi.com/01fiqg2xasig/copy-of-digital-mellini/
The Mellini document
A 17th-century Roman inventory,
written in rhyming verse
The experiment—Digital Mellini
Annotation—a discussion within the text

Image of
annotation
from Mellini
More please!
More please!
More please!
Scholarly Process

Photo: Kamal H. http://www.flickr.com/photos/97715891@N00/384258821/
Lessons
• Scholars usually don’t have a specific
methodology in mind  we don’t have
requirements to work from

• Technolo...
Lessons
• Changing social behavior is much more
difficult than the technology!
• Scholars and technologists have different...
Collaboration Insights
• Technologists need to be part of the research
team.
• Make no assumptions!
• Role of collaboratio...
…more digital projects
New methodologies = new tools
New methodologies = new tools
"The design of digital tools for
scholarship is an intellectual
responsibility, not a technical
task.”
- Johanna Drucker, ...
Scholars’ Workspace
• Scholarly process—methodologies emerge in
process of exploring the material
• Different projects wil...
Scholars’ Workspace
Scholars’ Workspace – text annotation
Scholars’ Workspace – image annotation
Scholars’ Workspace—light table
Scholarly Process

Photo: Kamal H. http://www.flickr.com/photos/97715891@N00/384258821/
Digital Mellini Publication
Digital Mellini Publication

What is this thing?
What is a “digital publication” anyway?
Digital Mellini Publication

What does it look like?
Digital Mellini Publication

“Where’s the research?”
Digital Mellini Publication

Who is the audience?
Digital Mellini Publication

How do we edit it?
Digital Mellini Publication

How will we maintain it?
Digital Mellini Publication

Where are the standards?
Digital Mellini Publication

What does the team look like?
“Attempting to transform the way
that art history research is
conducted and published.”
- Murtha Baca, Head, Digital Art H...
Transforming Art History
• Catalyze a paradigm shift—break with single
authorial model
• Capture conversations, debates, d...
Getty Scholars’ Workspace
An Online Collaboration and Publication Tool for Scholars
The Getty Research Institute
The Getty...
Getty Scholars’ Workspace: Online collaboration and publication tools for scholars
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Getty Scholars’ Workspace: Online collaboration and publication tools for scholars

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Presentation given with Will Lanni at MCN 2013 in Montreal, Canada on November 23, 2013
Presentation recording: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cL0_2KUwrCo&feature=youtu.be

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  • Experiment – can we build it?
  • Collaboration is an ideal – but in reality…Challenge of developing specifications – editing annotations.
  • Drupal – gave us flexibility to prototype quickly with the dataClose collaboration - understand research needs; scholars understand technology process
  • Goal was to build tools so they could do as much of the content input and manipulation as possible.
  • Social rules of engagement
  • e-mail 2. long convos in textThreaded commentsImage displayIs “X” easy to build? (roll over an author’s name, see details)
  • Studying images…annotation tool – different type of annotation.
  • - Where does scholarship stop, and publication begin- We didn’t realize early on what it would mean to become a digital publication. I thought “we’ll just freeze it!”
  • Wireframes….comps….more wireframes…user testing. Lots of questions raised.
  • Will - We’ve decided = a website.What device is it on? HTML still works!Susan - But confusion abounds – scholars don’t understand why we brought in the full text of journal articles from the outside – but they are the essays of this publication!We’re going to have to lean a bit more towards the book model.
  • Will – Highly designed? Keep it simple/standard. What does it feel like? How do we create a theme that is re-usable and adaptable for future pubs? - Child themesHow do we get out of the one-off Boutique approach to these?\- Susan – How much of experience of original manuscript do we bring in? How much of the research messiness do we keep and publish? What is the value to scholars of the raw work, vs. the polished, cleaned-up version?? Will – comapre to GitHub project example – importance of seeing how s.o. else got to a solution.
  • - Susan - Essays as research vs. Revealing the process of the research is a goal. They have a mental model of a book – beginning, end, essays, bib, and cover. We have a model of a website – click anywhere, go anywhere. Murtha – “It’s everywhere!”- How do we incorporate expected scholarly apparatus from print models? Authorship/attributionCitationsReferencesFootnotes
  • Susan - Goal is to reach a wider audience – students. Two very different audiences. Is difficult to make it clear to these different users that there are things there for them?- User testing - Concordance example ….
  • Susan - Digitally-native content – print publisher. Extract info, edit in Word (or, worse, on paper), and re-load. Manual process.Is there a digital solution for the editorial process?
  • Will - 2. Will we update? No. Locked down. Labor + citations/versioning (Susan jumps in)1.There is none. NO SEO….3. Preservation? ! Archive.org/web?!
  • Susan – not there – metadata schemas (TEI, LIDO etc…), Hard to choose standards when the methodology is undeterminedTEI – it got edited!We are working somewhere in between archival and publishing modes (J. Drucker).
  • Will - In addition to web team, scholars.Add print editor, print designers?
  • Getty Scholars’ Workspace: Online collaboration and publication tools for scholars

    1. 1. Getty Scholars’ Workspace An Online Collaboration and Publication Tool for Scholars The Getty Research Institute The Getty Will Lanni wlanni@getty.edu @altinjimbiz Susan Edwards sedwards@getty.edu @jolifanta
    2. 2. “Attempting to transform the way that art history research is conducted and published.” - Murtha Baca, Head, Digital Art History, The Getty Research Institute
    3. 3. Scholarly Process Photo: Kamal H. http://www.flickr.com/photos/97715891@N00/384258821/
    4. 4. Scholarly Process Photo: David VDM. http://www.flickr.com/photos/12915821@N00/4746094571/
    5. 5. Analog Scholarship
    6. 6. Analog Scholarship • • • • • Solo exploration Verbal idea-sharing Unlinked data Image rights issues Physical publications
    7. 7. Analog Scholarship • • • • • Solo exploration Verbal idea-sharing Unlinked data Image rights issues Physical publications Digital tools used primarily for access
    8. 8. “Scholars are working on the same topics separately. We may have these tools, but we don’t cooperate. This is a way to bring these people together around a single object.” - Thomas Gaeghtens, Head of the Getty Research Institute
    9. 9. What would a digital version of this look like? http://prezi.com/01fiqg2xasig/copy-of-digital-mellini/
    10. 10. The Mellini document A 17th-century Roman inventory, written in rhyming verse
    11. 11. The experiment—Digital Mellini
    12. 12. Annotation—a discussion within the text Image of annotation from Mellini
    13. 13. More please!
    14. 14. More please!
    15. 15. More please!
    16. 16. Scholarly Process Photo: Kamal H. http://www.flickr.com/photos/97715891@N00/384258821/
    17. 17. Lessons • Scholars usually don’t have a specific methodology in mind  we don’t have requirements to work from • Technologists are more comfortable with messy content.
    18. 18. Lessons • Changing social behavior is much more difficult than the technology! • Scholars and technologists have different mental frameworks for work.
    19. 19. Collaboration Insights • Technologists need to be part of the research team. • Make no assumptions! • Role of collaboration in our worlds is different.
    20. 20. …more digital projects
    21. 21. New methodologies = new tools
    22. 22. New methodologies = new tools
    23. 23. "The design of digital tools for scholarship is an intellectual responsibility, not a technical task.” - Johanna Drucker, Professor of Information Studies, UCLA Johanna Drucker, “Blind Spots: Humanists Must Plan Their Digital Future,” The Chronicle of Higher Education, volume 55, issue 30, page B6 (April 3, 2009).
    24. 24. Scholars’ Workspace • Scholarly process—methodologies emerge in process of exploring the material • Different projects will have different needs • Are there some common methodologies art historians need? Can we build a suite of tools to accommodate those needs?
    25. 25. Scholars’ Workspace
    26. 26. Scholars’ Workspace – text annotation
    27. 27. Scholars’ Workspace – image annotation
    28. 28. Scholars’ Workspace—light table
    29. 29. Scholarly Process Photo: Kamal H. http://www.flickr.com/photos/97715891@N00/384258821/
    30. 30. Digital Mellini Publication
    31. 31. Digital Mellini Publication What is this thing? What is a “digital publication” anyway?
    32. 32. Digital Mellini Publication What does it look like?
    33. 33. Digital Mellini Publication “Where’s the research?”
    34. 34. Digital Mellini Publication Who is the audience?
    35. 35. Digital Mellini Publication How do we edit it?
    36. 36. Digital Mellini Publication How will we maintain it?
    37. 37. Digital Mellini Publication Where are the standards?
    38. 38. Digital Mellini Publication What does the team look like?
    39. 39. “Attempting to transform the way that art history research is conducted and published.” - Murtha Baca, Head, Digital Art History, GRI
    40. 40. Transforming Art History • Catalyze a paradigm shift—break with single authorial model • Capture conversations, debates, different interpretations and perspectives • Enable production of new knowledge, visualizations, new types of publications • Validate digital publications
    41. 41. Getty Scholars’ Workspace An Online Collaboration and Publication Tool for Scholars The Getty Research Institute The Getty Will Lanni wlanni@getty.edu @altinjimbiz Susan Edwards sedwards@getty.edu @jolifanta

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