Four Basic Principles Contrast Repetition Alignment Proximity
Contrast Contrast is what makes a reader look at the page in the first place. It is the most important visual attraction on the page Avoid elements on the page that are merely similar If elements are not the same, them make them very different
Examples of Contrast
Repetition Repeating visual elements of the design throughout the piece. Repeat color Repeat shapes, textures Repeat spatial relationships Repeat line thickness, fonts, sizes, graphic concepts This develops the organization and strengthens the unity.
Examples of Repetition
Alignment Nothing should be place on the page arbitrarily Every element should have some visual connection with another element on the page This creates a clean, sophisticated, fresh look
Picture of Alignment
Proximity Items relating to each other should be grouped close together When grouped together they become one visual unit rather than several units This helps organize information, reduces, clutter and gives the reader a clear structure.