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Westward expansion
 

Westward expansion

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    Westward expansion Westward expansion Presentation Transcript

    • Westward Expansion 1865-1914
    • U.S. Land Acquired in the 1800s
    • Manifest Destiny
      • Americans believed they should own all the land from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean; coast to coast.
    • The Gold Rush! Eureka!!!!!!!
    • Gold Rush-1849 - 1870
      • Gold was discovered in California in 1849.
    • Gold Rush-1849 - 1870
      • Gold was discovered in California in 1849.
      • People who went West for gold were called forty-niners.
      • The Comstock Lode, a Bonanza, was later discovered.
    • Gold Rush-1849 - 1870
      • Gold was discovered in California in 1849
      • The Comstock Lode, a Bonanza, was later discovered.
      • People who moved West to mine are called miners.
    • Gold Rush-1849 - 1870
      • Gold was discovered in California in 1849.
      • The Comstock Lode, a Bonanza, was later discovered.
      • People who moved West to mine are called miners.
      • Immigrants, such as Mexicans, Chinese and the Irish, went to work in the mines.
      • Immigrants were treated poorly with long hours, low pay and dangerous work.
    • Gold Rush-1849 - 1870
      • Gold was discovered in California in 1849.
      • The Comstock Lode, a Bonanza, was later discovered.
      • People who moved west to mine are called miners.
      • Immigrants, such as Mexicans, Chinese and the Irish, went to work in the mines.
      • Immigrants were treated poorly with long hours, low pay and very dangerous work.
    • People moved West to find gold.
    • Boom towns and Ghost towns.
              • Gold or Silver strike
              • Miners arrive and build a small town.
              • More people come to sell supplies.
              • Real houses get built.
              • Boom Town
              • Gold or silver production falls – decreases.
              • Miners move on.
              • The town is abandoned.
              • Ghost Town.
    • One man panning for gold. I hope I find gold and become rich!
    • Men panning for gold. I can’t find any. How about you? Nope. Me either.
    • Working on the mine.
    • African Americans Moved West.
    • African Americans were called Exodusters.
      • Many African Americans moved to the West from the 1840s to late 1890s.
      • They were escaping the difficult life in the South where Whites practiced Jim Crow Laws and denied African Americans their new Constitutional Rights.
    • Exodusters waiting for a steamship.
    • Why were African Americans called Exodusters?
      • African Americans were called Exodusters after the book from the Bible called the Exodus .
    • Why were African Americans called Exodusters?
      • African Americans were called Exodusters after the book from the Bible called the Exodus .
      • This book described how the Jews escaped from slavery in Egypt.
    • Why were African Americans called Exodusters?
      • African Americans were called Exodusters after the book from the Bible called the Exodus .
      • This book described how the Jews escaped from slavery in Egypt.
      • The African Americans were escaping slavery in the South, just as Jews escaped slavery from Egypt. That is why they were called Exodusters.
    •  
    • Exodusters moving West. I hope there’s no slavery in the West. I hope there’s no KKK. Maybe we can vote in the West.
    • The Homestead Act of 1862.
    • An application for land.
      • People staked their claim by finding a section of land that was marked.
      • Then they registered the piece of land with the government.
      • After cultivating the land for five years, it was theirs for free.
    • Homestead Act Stamp.
    • Homesteaders.
      • People moved West to stake their claim.
    • People traveled West on wagon roads, and on the railroad and by steamship.
    • Plowfarms, plows and families in front of their sodhouses.
    • A difficult life for the farmers.
      • Farmers had to cut through thick, hard earth called sod.
      • Winters were harsh; cold, windy with a lot of snowstorms called blizzards.
      • Summers were hot and had little rain.
      • Farmers had to use a technique called dry-farming (growing crops that needed little water.)
      • Sometimes grasshoppers would eat all the crops.
    • Farmers in crisis.
      • Farmers could not repay their debts.
      • The Populist party tried to help farmers . They wanted government to reduce railroad rates and to help with (falling) decreasing prices for grain.
      • Populists wanted all the silver mined in the West to be turned into coinage (money).
      • Free silver would make it easier for farmers to repay their debts.
      • The United States did not turn silver into money.
    • The Cattle Kingdom.
    • Cowboys and Vaqueros.
    • Ranchers and Cowhands drove the cattle to the Transcontinental Railroad.
    •  
    • Why did the Cattle Kingdom fail?
    • Barbed wires and harsh winters brought about the end of the Cattle Kingdom.
    • The Transcontinental Railroad finished in 1869.
    • Many Immigrants, such as Irish, Mexicans and Chinese were building the Railroad.
    • The Union Pacific meets the Central Pacific in Utah in 1869.
    •  
    •  
    • Impact of the Railroads.
      • Railroads brought growth and new settlement all across the West.
    • Impact of the Railroads.
      • Railroads brought growth and new settlement all across the West.
      • The railroads enabled people, supplies, and mail to move quickly and cheaply and safer across the plains and the mountains.
    • Impact of the Railroads.
      • Railroads brought growth and new settlement all across the West.
      • The railroads enabled people, supplies, and mail to move quickly and cheaply and safer across the plains and the mountains.
      • The largest cities and towns developed where major railroad lines met.
    • Impact of the Railroads.
      • Railroads brought growth and new settlement all across the West.
      • The railroads enabled people, supplies, and mail to move quickly and cheaply and safer across the plains and the mountains.
      • The largest cities and towns developed where major railroad lines met.
      • Because of their rapid growth, western territories began to apply for statehood. Nevada, Colorado, North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana and Washington all became states from 1864 – 1890.
    • The Railroad spurs the growth of other industries.
      • The lumber industry grows, because wood is needed to build the train tracks.
      • The steel industry grows because steel is needed to build the tracks.
      • The coal industry grows because coal is needed to fuel the train.
      • The growth of these industries opens thousands of new jobs for workers.
    • The Great Plains
    • Blue skies and open prairies.
    • Nature on the Great Plains.
    • The location of the Great Plains.
    • These are the states on the Plains.
      • Homesteaders came to the Plains to farm the land.
      • Miners searched for gold.
      • Railroad companies built the train.
      • Exodusters came to Kansas to start a new life and later became miners and Homesteaders and worked on the railroad.
      • Immigrants worked on railroads and in mines and became Homesteaders.
    • Native American Land
      • Native Americans lived here first.
      • Native Americans and Whites came into bloody conflicts over the land.
      • They tried to protect their lands, but finally, the United States government forced them onto reservations.
    • Buffalo roamed the Plains.
    • Plains Indians hunt the buffalo.
    • The buffalo is used for tepees, clothes, tools, food and more.
    • The buffalo hide business becomes popular and settlers kill millions of buffalo.
    • BROKEN PROMISES!
      • The United States government made many treaties with the Native Americans not to fight and not to touch certain areas of their land.
      • For example, The Fort Laramie Treaty was a treaty made with the Cheyenne tribe, where Americans said an area of land belonged to the Cheyenne forever!
      • However, when gold was discovered there, the Americans forced them to sign a new treaty giving up the land.
      • The United States government broke many treaties with the Native Americans.
    • Many Wars. Many Heroes.
      • Many Wars
      • Sioux War of 1876
      • The Apache Wars
      • Battle of Little Bighorn
      • Nez Perces
      • Many Heroes
      • Sitting Bull and
        • Crazy Horse
        • Geronimo
        • Lakotas & Cheyenne
        • Chief Joseph
    • Indians defend their lands, but are defeated in the end.
    • Native Americans are forced onto reservations.
    •  
    • The Dawes Act divided Indian land and gave some to the Indians in hopes they would become farmers. But they sold it to Whites for low prices.
    • Deerskin, bird feathers and cloth were also used in Native American culture.
    • Native Americans prayed for a new world without Whites in the Ghost Dance Religion.
    • Painting of the Ghost Dance.
    • Laws today protect Native American Reservations.
      • Today, many Native Americans are a part of our society.
      • However, many still live on reservations and try to maintain their cultures.
      • New laws returned some Native American lands back to the rightful owners.
      • How would you feel about your history if you were a Native American?
      Native Americans Today
    • Native Americans today.