Australia: From Gondwanaland to Nicole KidmanWhere is New Zealand, mate? And Papua New Guinea? And, bloody hell; wheres Tom Cruise?
Australia: From Gondwanaland to Nicole KidmanNew Zealand (not shown) separated from Antarctica between 130 and 85mya.Australia (including Papua New Guinea) separated finally from Antarctica some 45 mya.
Luis Váez de TorresLuis Váez de Torres (1565-1607) was a 16th-17th century Spanish maritime explorerserving the Spanish Crown, noted for the first recorded navigation of the strait whichseparates the continent of Australia from the island of New Guinea, and which now bearshis name (Torres Strait).
Australia – Discovery by the BritishAustralia was discovered in 1770 by CaptainJames Cook. However, Australia had been hometo the Aborigines for over 40,000 years.Cook, one of Englands greatest sea captains,claimed part of Australia, which he called NewSouth Wales, for the Crown (King George III).The local inhabitants (estimated at less than 1million throughout Australia) were not consulted.
The First Fleet – here come the convicts!Australia was invaded in 1788 by a flotilla of 11 ships,led by Captain Arthur Phillip, containing some 732English convicts and their guards. They landed atBotany Bay, which is now a suburb of Sydney.The early settlement was established in Sydney Cove,as Phillip decided that Sydney Harbour was a superiorsite for shipping.Sydney is now a city of over 4 million people, Australiaslargest city and the capital of the state of New SouthWales.
Captain Bligh – the last Navy GovernorBligh was a great sailor who sailed withJames Cook on his last voyage to Tahiti in1776. He returned to England in 1780 togive details of the journey.He was appointed commander of theBounty in 1787 to sail to Tahiti to collectbreadfruit trees. After the mutiny, he sailedover 6700 kms. with 18 crew in a row boatto Timor, and returned to England.In 1805, he was appointed Governor ofNew South Wales. He was ousted by theso-called Rum Rebellion in 1808, led byMajor George Johnston of the New SouthWales Corp and John Macarthur, apowerful, rich and successful settler. Blighreturned to England, and the trial ofJohnston and Macarthur all but exoneratedtheir actions in the face of Blighs tyranny.
After Bligh – a visionary at last - MacquarieIn 1809, Lachlan Macquarie was appointed Governor of New South Wales. When hereturned to England in 1822, he left behind him a self-sustaining colony of settlers. Whilehe was criticised for his humanitarian treatment of prisioners, he left a legacy of newbuildings and infrastructure appropriate to a new nation.His wife Elizabeth played no small part in assisting her husband in his duties, and togetherthey became known as the founders of a strong and independent British colony.During their rule, they were responsible for the founding of fifteen new towns, hundreds ofkilometres of roads, and a robust agricultural industry, specialising in the production ofwheat and wool – thanks to the help of Macarthur (Macquaries bitterest enemy and mostvocal critic) and his work developing the merino sheep.
Australia – A Trading NationAustralias economy has slowly movedfrom a reliance on agricultural exports to amore dynamic and sophisticated mixture ofmining, educational services, tourism andvalue-added manufacturing. Nevertheless,Australia remains in the top exportingnations for its traditional exports like wool,sugar, wheat, dairy products and beef.Australia is the worlds biggest supplier ofcoal and iron ore, the second largestproducer of silver and aluminium, the thirdlargest producer of copper and gold ...
Australia – the Lucky CountryAustralia is the smallest (and lowest and driest) continent, the worlds largest island, andthe sixth biggest country in area. Its ocean territory – 12,000,000 sq.km. - the third largest.
What can I do with Europe? Australia is 7,691,930 sq km – 15 times bigger than SpainIt is approximately 4,000 km from east to west and 3,700 km from north to southWhere the hell is New Zealand ? And Papua New Guinea?
Australia TodaySydney Australia today is a nation comprised of six states (Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia) and two territories (the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory). This federation, established in 1901, is a democracy. However, the (unelected) Head of State is the Queen of England, represented in Australia by the Governor- General. The democratically-elected head of government is the Prime Minister. There are three levels of government : Federal (1), States and Territories (8) and Local (about 780).
Australia Today Australia today is a nation of some 21 million people. Australia is one of the most urbanised countries in the world – most of the people live in cities like Sydney (4.2 million), Melbourne (3 million) and Brisbane (1.8 million). 88 percent of the people live within 100km. of the coast. Australia is a country of immigrants – Italians, Greeks, Chinese, English, Scottish, German, Iraqi, Vietnamese ... Less than 2 percent of the population is of Aboriginal descent. English is the official language.
Animals of Australia Australia has many unique animals that are not found anywhere else in the world. You probably know these animals from Australia…A Kangaroo An Emu A Koala An Echidna
Animals of AustraliaBut what about these animals? A Bilby A PlatypusA Tasmanian Devil A Rock Wallaby A Wombat
New Zealand – Who needs to fly?The lack of mammalian predators caused many birds to give up flight. Stephensons Wren Kakapo Takahe Moa
New Zealand – Who needs to fly?Birds which dont fly. Insects too! Next, bats? Wetta Auckland Teal Brown Kiwi Burrowing Bat
The Most Dangerous Animals in Australia ?8 deaths per year 0.5 deaths per year 2 deaths per year 0 deaths per year 1 death per year 0.8 deaths per year
The Easter Bunny – Bad The Eastern Bilby – Good (Imported and a plague) (Native marsupial)The rabbit population was reducedfrom 600 to 100 million by theintroduction of myxo in 1954
Uluru – formerly Ayers Rock Uluru is 382m. high and 10km. in circumfrence, and 460km. by road to thenearest town, Alice Springs. Uluru is owned by the local Aborigines, and islocated in the National Park, partly owned and run by the Anangu people.
Kata Tjuta - formerly The OlgasMade of the same sandstone as Uluru and located 25kms. from Uluru, KataTjuta consists of 86 separate stones. This site is also sacred to the localAboriginal people, the Anangu.
Kakadu National ParkKakadu, almost 2 million hectares – the size of Slovenia – is listed as part of the UNESCO World Heritage. Home to both fresh and saltwater crocodiles, the park contains the East, West and South Alligator Rivers, and some of the worlds most productive uraniuim mines.
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkStretching from the waters of Papua New Guinea down the Queensland coast, a distance of some 2,400kms., the Great Barrier Reef is one of the largest natural “structures” known to man. The GBMP, founded in 1975, is the largest protected sea area in the world.
Australian Heroes and Heroines IAC/DC – one of the worlds best selling rock bands, and Kylie Minogue, have made themselves famous throughout the world – but more importantly, as tax-paying Australians, have significantly added to Australias tax revenue. AC/DC – with the album “Back in Black” produced the highest-selling group album – some 61 million copies sold. Kylie, also maintaining a long-lived career, has added much to the national coffers.
Australian Heroes and Heroines IIDon Bradman (aka Sir Donald) was the greatest sportsman in history. His Test batting average (99.96 runs) stands head and shoulders above all other sportsmen. Other great cricketers average about 60 runs per innings.Ian Thorpe, the “Thorpedo” is Australias most successful Olympian, breaking 22 world records and winning some 5 gold, 3 silver and 1 bronze Olympic medals in 2 Olympic Games.
And the Oscar goes to... ?Peter Finch Heath Ledger Mel Gibson Russell CroweBest Actor Best Supporting Actor Best Actor Best Actor “Network” “The Dark Knight” Best Director “Gladiator” “Braveheart” Nicole Kidman – Best Actress “The Hours”