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Actual or
Compensatory
Damages
Art. 2199 – Art. 2208 NCC
TORTS AND DAMAGES
Joebell G. Paraggua
Reporter
ARTICLE 2199
Except as provided by law or by stipulation, one is entitled to
an adequate compensation only for such pecuni...
ARTICLE 2200
Indemnification for damages shall comprehend not only the
value of the loss suffered, but also that of the pr...
ARTICLE 2201
In contracts and quasi-contracts, the damages for which the
obligor who acted in good faith is liable shall b...
ARTICLE 2202
In crimes and quasi-delicts, the defendant shall be liable for all
damages which are the natural and probable...
ARTICLE 2203
The party suffering loss or injury must exercise the diligence of a
good father of a family to minimize the d...
ARTICLE 2204
In crimes, the damages to be adjudicated may be respectively
increased or lessened according to the aggravati...
ARTICLE 2205
Damages may be recovered:
(1) For loss or impairment of earning capacity in cases of
temporary or permanent p...
ARTICLE 2206
The amount of damages for death caused by a crime or quasi-delict
shall be at least three thousand pesos, eve...
ARTICLE 2207
If the plaintiff's property has been insured, and he has received
indemnity from the insurance company for th...
ARTICLE 2208
In the absence of stipulation, attorney's fees and expenses of
litigation, other than judicial costs, cannot ...
ARTICLE 2208 ...continued
(6) In actions for legal support;
(7) In actions for the recovery of wages of household helpers,...
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Actual or compensatory damages

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Transcript of "Actual or compensatory damages"

  1. 1. Actual or Compensatory Damages Art. 2199 – Art. 2208 NCC TORTS AND DAMAGES Joebell G. Paraggua Reporter
  2. 2. ARTICLE 2199 Except as provided by law or by stipulation, one is entitled to an adequate compensation only for such pecuniary loss suffered by him as he duly proved. Such compensation is referred to as actual or compensatory damages.
  3. 3. ARTICLE 2200 Indemnification for damages shall comprehend not only the value of the loss suffered, but also that of the profits which the obligee failed to obtain.
  4. 4. ARTICLE 2201 In contracts and quasi-contracts, the damages for which the obligor who acted in good faith is liable shall be those that are the natural and probable consequences of the breach of the obligation, and which the parties have foreseen or could have reasonably foreseen at the time the obligation was constituted. In case of fraud, bad faith, malice or wanton attitude, the obligor shall be responsible for all damages which may be reasonably attributed to the non-performance of the obligation.
  5. 5. ARTICLE 2202 In crimes and quasi-delicts, the defendant shall be liable for all damages which are the natural and probable consequences of the act or omission complained of. It is not necessary that such damages have been foreseen or could have reasonably been foreseen by the defendant.
  6. 6. ARTICLE 2203 The party suffering loss or injury must exercise the diligence of a good father of a family to minimize the damages resulting from the act or omission in question.
  7. 7. ARTICLE 2204 In crimes, the damages to be adjudicated may be respectively increased or lessened according to the aggravating or mitigating circumstances.
  8. 8. ARTICLE 2205 Damages may be recovered: (1) For loss or impairment of earning capacity in cases of temporary or permanent personal injury; (2) For injury to the plaintiff's business standing or commercial credit.
  9. 9. ARTICLE 2206 The amount of damages for death caused by a crime or quasi-delict shall be at least three thousand pesos, even though there may have been mitigating circumstances. In addition: (1) The defendant shall be liable for the loss of the earning capacity of the deceased, and the indemnity shall be paid to the heirs of the latter; such indemnity shall in every case be assessed and awarded by the court, unless the deceased on account of permanent physical disability not caused by the defendant, had no earning capacity at the time of his death; (2) If the deceased was obliged to give support according to the provisions of article 291, the recipient who is not an heir called to the decedent's inheritance by the law of testate or intestate succession, may demand support from the person causing the death, for a period not exceeding five years, the exact duration to be fixed by the court; (3) The spouse, legitimate and illegitimate descendants and ascendants of the deceased may demand moral damages for mental anguish by reason of the death of the deceased.
  10. 10. ARTICLE 2207 If the plaintiff's property has been insured, and he has received indemnity from the insurance company for the injury or loss arising out of the wrong or breach of contract complained of, the insurance company shall be subrogated to the rights of the insured against the wrongdoer or the person who has violated the contract. If the amount paid by the insurance company does not fully cover the injury or loss, the aggrieved party shall be entitled to recover the deficiency from the person causing the loss or injury.
  11. 11. ARTICLE 2208 In the absence of stipulation, attorney's fees and expenses of litigation, other than judicial costs, cannot be recovered, except: (1) When exemplary damages are awarded; (2) When the defendant's act or omission has compelled the plaintiff to litigate with third persons or to incur expenses to protect his interest; (3) In criminal cases of malicious prosecution against the plaintiff; (4) In case of a clearly unfounded civil action or proceeding against the plaintiff; (5) Where the defendant acted in gross and evident bad faith in refusing to satisfy the plaintiff's plainly valid, just and demandable claim;
  12. 12. ARTICLE 2208 ...continued (6) In actions for legal support; (7) In actions for the recovery of wages of household helpers, laborers and skilled workers; (8) In actions for indemnity under workmen's compensation and employer's liability laws; (9) In a separate civil action to recover civil liability arising from a crime; (10) When at least double judicial costs are awarded; (11) In any other case where the court deems it just and equitable that attorney's fees and expenses of litigation should be recovered. In all cases, the attorney's fees and expenses of litigation must be reasonable.
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