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Pope Pius Xii Social Doctrinel
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Pope Pius Xii Social Doctrinel

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  • 1. Pope Pius XII Opus iustitiae pax (Isa 34:17)
  • 2.
    • In the Christmas Radio Messages of Pope Pius XII From 1939 to 1954 together with other important interventions in social matters, Magisterial reflection on a new social order guided by morality and law , and focusing on justice and peace , become deeper.
  • 3.
    • His pontificate covered the terrible years of the Second World War and the difficult years of reconstruction. He published no social encyclicals but in many different contexts he constantly showed his concern for the international order , which had been badly shaken.
  • 4. Congregation for Catholic Education, Guidelines for the Study and Teaching of the Church's Social Doctrine in the Formation of Priests , 22
    • “ During the war and the post-war period, for many people of all continents and for millions of believers and nonbelievers, the social teaching of Pope Pius XII represented the voice of universal conscience . ... With his moral authority and prestige, Pope Pius XII brought the light of Christian wisdom to countless men of every category and social level”
  • 5.
    • One of the characteristics of Pope Pius XII's interventions is the importance he gave to the relationship between morality and law . He insisted on the notion of natural law as the soul of the system to be established on both the national and the international levels. Another important aspect of Pope Pius XII's teaching was his attention to the professional and business classes, called to work together in a special way for the attainment of the common good .
  • 6. Congregation for Catholic Education, Guidelines for the Study and Teaching of the Church's Social Doctrine in the Formation of Priests , 22
    • “ Due to his sensitivity and intelligence in grasping the ‘ signs of the times ', Pope Pius XII can be considered the immediate precursor of Vatican Council II that written in GS #4 and of the social teaching of the Popes who followed him”
  • 7. Summi Pontificatus
    • Pope Pius XII’s encyclical published on October 20, 1939. The encyclical is subtitled "On the Unity of Human Society." It was the first major encyclical of Pius XII so was seen as setting "a tone" for his papacy. It critiques major errors at the time, such as ideologies of racism and cultural superiority and the totalitarian state. It also sets the theological framework for future encyclical letters, such as Mystici Corporis Christi (1943). The encyclical laments the destruction of Poland, rejects the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and calls for a restoration of independent Poland.
  • 8. Contents
    • The Unity of Human Society (#3 -51)
      • 1.1 Human and cultural diversity (#43)
      • 1.2 Solidarity and charity (#35, 51)
    • The totalitarian state (#52 -106)
      • A threat to its families, education (# 61, 62)
      • A danger to World peace (#70)
      • The German/Russian attack on Poland (# 106)
  • 9. Consequences
    • It incorporates elements of the never published encyclical " Humani Generis Unitas " against racism and anti-semitism. Pope Pius XI choose not to publish it in 1938, possibly in light of strong anti-Judaic or anti-rabbinic language in parts of it, which could be misunderstood by the faithful or perverted by pro-Axis media.
    • Some 50 years later, this created some controversy, as to whether the new Pope should have published the encyclical letter of his predecessor without changes or additions.
  • 10.
    • Nota bene:
    • Church practice, did not require publication. The last encyclical of Pius XII was not issued after his death in 1958 by his successor Pope John XXIII. Likewise Pope Benedict XVI incorporated parts of an unpublished last encyclical from Pope John Paul II in his first letter, Deus Caritas Est
  • 11. Conclusion
    • It certainly did not stop or shorten World War Two. It seemed to have little or no political impact at the time. But SP (Summi Pontificatus) also predicted an ultimate victory against the enemies of the Church. "Her adversary can never prevail: The gates of hell shall not prevail, nor can they ever weaken her“( #104 -105).
  • 12.
    • In this, SP turned out to be correct. Theologically, the often quoted rationale about the unity of human society and diversity of cultures, is a part of the Magisterium of the Catholic Church and quoted in numerous Church documents. SP, despite of its lack of "political success" remains thus one of the more influential theological encyclicals of Pope Pius XII.
  • 13. Pius XII’s Radio Massages
    • 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1945, 1946, 1948, 1950, 1951, 1954, 1955 - on peace and the international order
    • 1942- on the order within nations
    • 1 September 1944 - on the function of Christian civilization
    • 1944- on democracy
  • 14.
    • 1947 - on making a return to God in generosity and brotherhood
    • 1949- on the year of the great return and of great forgiveness
    • 1952 - on the depersonalization of man
    • 1953 - on the role of progress in technology and peace among peoples
  • 15.
    • “ The danger is imminent, but there is still time. The danger is imminent, But there is still time. Nothing is lost with peace. Nothing is lost with peace. Everything can be lost with war. Return human beings to understand. Everything can be lost with war. Return to Human Beings understands. Resume negotiating. Resume negotiating. Dealing with goodwill and respect for mutual rights will find that the energetic negotiations sincere and has never denied an honorable success. Dealing with goodwill and mutual Respect for rights that will find the energetic Negotiations sincere and has never denied an honorable success.
  • 16.
    • It feels great - the true greatness - if imposing silence the voices of passion, both collective and private, and leaving his empire to reason, will be spared the blood of brothers and homeland ruins. It feels great - the true greatness - if Imposing silence the voices of passion, Both private and collective, and leaving His empire to reason, Will Be Spared the blood of brothers and homeland ruins.”
      • Radio message of His Holiness Pius XII, ADDRESSED TO THE PEOPLE AND THE LEADERS (RULERS) * On the eve DANGER OF WAR *Thursday, August 24, 1939
  • 17. Thank you for Listening