The Rise and Fall of Richard M. Nixon
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The Rise and Fall of Richard M. Nixon

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The Rise and Fall of Richard M. Nixon The Rise and Fall of Richard M. Nixon Presentation Transcript

  • The Rise & Fall ofRichard M. Nixon PA 510 Fall 2012 Prepared by: Jovee Basa Joshua Perez
  • What Led to Watergate?O Nixon’s Political BackgroundO State of the CountryO Nixon’s Character
  • Political BackgroundO 1946: Elected to House of Representatives O 1948-49: Alger Hiss Case O Catapulted his political careerO 1950: Elected to U.S. Senate O Nickname “Tricky Dick” was dubbed upon him
  • Helen Douglas Interview
  • Political BackgroundO 1953-61: Vice-President O Accused of keeping slush funds of campaign contributions O Checker speech
  • “Checker Speech”
  • Political BackgroundO 1960: GOP Candidate for President O Loses to Democrat John F. KennedyO 1962: GOP Candidate for Governor of California O Loses to Democrat Edmund Brown, Sr. O Speculation of political career had come to an endO 1968: GOP Candidate for President O President Johnson, not seeking a 2nd term O Robert F. Kennedy assassinated
  • State of the CountryO Vietnam War, escalatesO 1968: Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy O riotsO Democratic convention riotO Ongoing social and cultural revolution O sex, drugs and rock n roll
  • CharacterO Very intelligent / ambitiously drivenO “Ruthless” / tough politicianO Life shaped by hardship (middle-class)O Distrusts people – tendency to be let downO Obsessed with powerO Introvert
  • Events leading to Watergate O 1971: Pentagon Papers O Containing secrets prolonging the war O Leaked to NY Times O Nixon attempts to prevent publishing, citing National Security O NY Times vs. United States O NY Times sues Nixon O NY times wins Supreme Court ruling & publishes papers O Media gains more power of freedom of speech
  • Events leading to Watergate O Nixon starts recording conversations in White House O Thoughts of conspiracy against him begins O Sets up “The Plumbers” to investigate leaks O Creates committee to re-elect the President (CRP)
  • Watergate BurglaryO June 17, 1972: Break-in at the Watergate Hotel, headquarters of the Democratic National CommitteeO Five burglars discovered and arrested
  • Washington PostO Who were the five burglars and why were they placing bugs in the Democratic Headquarters? O Two journalist investigate O Aided by a whistle blower called “Deep Throat” O Seven accused of scandalO President Nixon re-elected
  • Plumbers go to courtO The trial of the Watergate burglarsO Role of Judge SiricaO The bribery of the plumbers not to talkO Nixon aid reveals secret tapesO Congress investigatesO President claimed executive privilegeO Grand Jury indictments O Charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice and perjury
  • Secret TapesO Nixon tapes reveal O Burglary / bugging O Extortion / lies O Cover-up: Smoking gun tape - using CIA to interfere with FBI investigation O H.R. Haldeman = Chief of Staff O L. Patrick Gray = FBI director O Mark Felt = Assoicate FBI Director (#2 in charge); Deep throat (revealed in 2005) O Vernon Walters = Deputy Director CIA
  • “Smoking Gun Tape” CIA interference of FBI Watergate investigation.Nixon and his Chief of Staff, Haldeman discussing it
  • ResignationO July 1974: the House of Representatives voted to impeach President NixonO August 9, 1974: President Nixon resignedO September 1974: Nixon granted full pardonO 1977: Frost interviews Nixon O “When the presidents does it, its’ not illegal”
  • Nixon Resignation August 8, 1974
  • D. Frost interview w/ Nixon “…when the presidents does it, that means it’s not illegal…”
  • Lesson LearnedO No one is above the lawO Distrust in the governmentO Creation of new lawsO The first resignation of a U.S. President
  • Thank you