Energy & Utilities Overview Educational and Awareness
AGENDA1 Energy & Utility Introduction2 Types of Energy & Statistics3 Clean Energy4 Smart Grids & Utilities5 Technologies & Management Systems 2
ENERGY CRISIS & TYPES • In the future, civilization will be forced to research and develop alternative energy sources. Our current rate of fossil fuel usage will lead to an energy crisis this century. In order to survive the energy crisis, many companies in the energy industry are inventing new ways to extract energy from renewable sources. While the rate of development is slow, mainstream awareness and government pressures are growing. Types of Energy:Renewable Energy Non Renewable Energy In last decade (source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2007, BP p.l.c.) 3
FORECAST - ELECTRICITY GENERATIONWorld net electricity generation by fuel, 2006-2030 (trillion kilowatt-hours) Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration 4
FUNDS AND SPENDING• $43-46bn to renewable energy and biofuels technologies, projects, andcompanies in 2009• $188bn in global stimulus funds for clean energy accelerates in 2010 117% Growth in a year 11
BUSINESS CASESAutomobile Technologies (new cars run 1000km on single charge) Electronics Power (Nano Technologies) Cell phone chargersNano-solar (Solar power at a lower cost and compact size) Solar Greenhouses for Food and Electricity Electric Air Vehicle Tiny Generators Produce Electricity from Ambient Vibrations New Solar Charger for Laptop Computers Solar-powered ATMs by Vortex Light-Powered Circuitry 12
SMART GRID – CASE STUDYProspects: For better environmental protection, demand of renewable energy generation like wind power and solar power is booming and has increased globally in the past couple of years.Business Needs– Industry Problems: Supply & Demand, New Regulations, Industry Transition, Security and Reliability etc.– Energy industries seeking solutions for networking, monitoring and control challenges from generation to transmission and distribution to point of use.Key Energy Infrastructure Challenges:– Asset Management– Grid Control– Data Collection & Local Control– Communication (First mile and last mile)– Triggering and monitoring – Solution: Smart Grid!! 14
SMART GRIDInitiatives:• Modernize grids and grid management systems• Improve customer relationships and retention• Save energy, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase capacity to integrate green power sources• Decrease the need for future electricity infrastructure• Offer incentives for customers to shift energy consumption to off-peak periodsSmart grid building blocks:• Controls for re-routing energy to balance loads• Intelligent technology in substations and monitoring equipment• Decision support systems to prioritize information and minimize missed control actions• Support for workforce replacements to retain knowledge and maintain a high level of customer service 15
IT & ELECTRICITY INFRASTRUCTURE CONVERGENCE Electrical Infrastructure Information Infrastructure Smart Grid Infrastructure GRID CONTROL LAST MILE•OMS •M2M Communication •ZigBee•EMS •Cellular - UMTS •PLC •Load Management •Wi-Fi•Demand Response •Backhaul Network •Bluetooth System •3G•SCADA/DA •WiMAX/LTE •Wi-Fi •Collection Engine •Mobile WiMAX/LTE•PLC Controller •Fiber Optics etc. •Smart Appliances •Meter Data •M2M Communication MANAGEMENT •Thermostat Management SERVICES FIRST MILE SENSORS For smart grid reference: http://www.oe.energy.gov/DocumentsandMedia/DOE_SG_Book_Single_Pages%281%29.pdf 16
ADVANCED METERING INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS (AMI) 21
MACHINE TO MACHINE (M2M) COMMUNICATION• AMI systems are made possible by a wireless communications network. Network elements include: – smart meters that collect information from the home – Mesh data collection points – Point-to-multipoint subscriber modules that transmit data back to an access point cluster at a remote facility; – Point-to-point backhaul that sends data to the back office enterprise system 22
SMART METERS & HOME AREA NETWORK (HAN) Benefits: • Two way communication • Gives customers more control over their everyday energy usage; opportunity for lower bills • Advanced data collection mechanism from customer site to centralized database • Helps to quantify demand habits and better prediction from the utilities for base and peak demands • Avails flexible Prepaid metering solution • Enhances reliability and outage detection and quicker restoration • Act as a gateway to intelligent devices and appliances in the home • Helps to analyze better business cases and opportunities 23
Drop me a note @ email@example.com Rahul BandheNote: These slides are released just for the energy industry awareness and educationalpurpose. No one owns these slides. Contents and images are composed from search enginesand it is not meant for violating any of the copy-write or legal rights of any individual or acompany. 28
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