C12 ibsca ppt 2 18 14


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IB Social Cultural Anthropology

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C12 ibsca ppt 2 18 14

  1. 1. CLASS AND CASTE: SOCIAL STRATIFICATION 12 Day 1 A-B Questions Theme Intro Day 2: C12 Assignment Review Day 3: Ethnographic Incorporation
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES: THE STUDENT WILL BE ABLE TO…. (TSWBAT…) 1. TSWBAT Explain Function/Structures of Social Stratification. 2. TSWBAT define and summarize the criteria that compose social stratification. i.e. Race, class, gender etc. 3. TSWBAT Define and Demonstrate using Ethnographies “Ascription and Achievement”. 4. TSWBAT Define Describe Caste 5. TSWBAT how Modernity has affected Social Differentiation. i.e. Concept of equal rights
  3. 3. DAY 1: CLASS ORIGINAL DISCUSSION Pair up Discuss the concept of Social Differentiation Discuss if an Egalitarian society is even possible given your experience. Why/Why Not? Does Social Inequality perform some useful function in our society? What structures govern/maintain social inequality? Put one statement/question on the board. Student Facilitator: Student lead/driven discussion. Take notes, record white board, and I will only make written comments on the board. * Have Thematic Journal out to make notations.
  4. 4. THEMATIC JOURNAL AND CLASS/CASTE: Individuals, Groups, and Societies Societies & Cultures in Contact • Status/Role: • Population Movement: Migration • Personhood: • Indigenous Movements • Conformity/Non-Conformity • Modernity • Public/Private • Travel/Tourism • Social/Group Identity: • Colonialism/Post-Colonialism • Ritual/Rite of Passage: • Resistance
  5. 5. THEMATIC JOURNAL AND CLASS/CASTE: Political Organization • Power and Authority • Formal and Informal Political Systems • Social Control/Legal Systems • Inequality • Social Organization of Space and Place Economic Organization and the Environment • Division of Labor • Space/Place • Systems of Production/Consumption • Exchange Systems • Industrial/Proletarianization • Conflict and Resistance • Colonialism and Post-Colonialism • Colonialism and Post Colonialism • Globalization • Globalization
  6. 6. THEMATIC JOURNAL AND CLASS/CASTE: Moral Systems • Ethics • Justice Taboos • Suffering • Good and Evil • Purity and Impurity • Honor Shame • Globalization
  7. 7. C12 ASSIGNMENT • Why do you think that no culture/civilization has developed without social stratification? • Purpose of social stratification (Functionalism) • Give two examples of functional social inequality and one has to come from the !Kung, Amish, etc.
  8. 8. C12 ASSIGNMENT • Do you agree or disagree with the statement by Anthropologist Gerald Berreman (p.316)? • Social stratification “ …painful, damaging, and unjust…”
  9. 9. C12 ASSIGNMENT • To what extent do you Agree with the Marxist/Weber “social conflict” theory (p.316) • Outline the basic beliefs of Marxism p. 316-317. • Review Postmodernism on p.63 and first column p.68.
  10. 10. C12 ASSIGNMENT • Prestige: List 7 occupations in the modern age and place them in the Social Class Pyramid. If you can provide estimates of education and wealth required for each. • Think about your IA Observation: did you make a judgement based observation because of how you categorized someone’s job/career/lifestyle?
  11. 11. C12 ASSIGNMENT • The American Dream statement/question: • Can social mobility happen for everyone? • Page 322: “Social mobility….” • People strive to stay in a class if born into privilege. • Do you agree/disagree?
  12. 12. C12 ASSIGNMENT • Material Basis of Class: (did materialism affect your IA?, consider context, did you have preconceived notions about Walmart or Starbucks before your observation that shaped your observation? That’s a postmodernist perspective.)
  13. 13. C12 ASSIGNMENT • Credit Cards & Fight Club: • “…We buy things we don’t need, with money we don’t have, to impress people we don’t like…” Paraphrase -Fight Club • “You buy furniture. You tell yourself, this is the last sofa I will ever need in my life. Buy the sofa, then for a couple years you're satisfied that no matter what goes wrong, at least you've got your sofa issue handled. Then the right set of dishes. Then the perfect bed. The drapes. The rug. Then you're trapped in your lovely nest, and the things you used to own, now they own you.” ― Chuck Palahniuk, Fight Club • This is the essence of a critique of Materialism.
  14. 14. C12 ASSIGNMENT Education: Ascribed or Achieve status or both? Phillips Exeter Academy NH: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Phillips_Exeter_Academy_alumni Checkout graduates achievement* Phillips Andover Academy, Andover, MA http://www.andover.edu/About/NotableAlumni/Pages/shortlist.aspx Choate: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choate_Rosemary_Hall#Notable_alumni http://www.choate.edu/about/history/notable-alumni/index.aspx
  15. 15. C12 ASSIGNMENT To what extend has China succeeded in creating a classless society? p. 329-335 Examples yes/no: A B C
  16. 16. C12 ASSIGNMENT • What is the relationship between Caste and Religion? P. 335 to End • What rules govern Caste? • Will the Caste system continue this century? http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/16/opinion/sunday/caste-is-not-past.html?_r=0 https://www.google.com/#q=indian+caste+system+today Genetics and Caste: http://www.nbcnews.com/science/science-news/indias-caste-system-goes-back-2-000-yearsgenetic-study-f6C10874609 http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/12/22/india-caste-system_n_1165874.html
  17. 17. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Cultural values • Ju/Hoansi • Amish • Us? Contemporary? Organization of Production • Ju/Hoansi • Amish • Us? Contemporary? Access to Means of Production/Wealth • Ju/Hoansi • Amish • Us? Contemporary?
  18. 18. FUNCTIONALISM Cultural institutions support structure of society to serve needs of individuals in a society. Consensus of distribution of wealth/resources Acceptance of inequality Social Control: preserve status quo Inequality & Social Rewards: to be a doctor takes….
  19. 19. GERALD BERREMAN Inequality is the root of most conflict “…painful, damaging, and unjust…” Agree/Disagree? How to incorporate into our study of Anthropology?
  20. 20. “CONFLICT THEORY” “Social Conflict Theory” Karl Marx and Max Weber Inequality forces conflict and change
  21. 21. THREE DIMENSIONS OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION • Power: control of resources • Wealth: accumulation of resources and/or access to means of production • Capitalists vs. Workers • Prestige: social honor, respect (Weber) • Education, Jobs, Salary, House, Car, Clothes • Food Lion, Giant, Shoppers, Wegmans, Krogers, Whole Foods, Trader Joes.
  22. 22. ASCRIBED VS. ACHIEVED STATUS Ascribed: Born into, given, conferred from birth. Achieved: work/merit, social position that is chosen or made on your own. Most Societies have a BLEND Social Mobility: Up and Down
  23. 23. US OPEN SOCIETY American Dream: education, hard work, thrift “bootstraps” Horatio Alger: Ragged Dick character Reality: debt, credit cards, student loans Race, Ethnicity, Gender, Class Life Changes: Opportunity costs
  24. 24. JOHN OGBU Voluntary minorities vs. Involuntary see class differently: Japanese/Irish/Chinese vs. African Americans, Mexican Americans, and Native Americans
  25. 25. PEOPLE TEND TO LIVE WITHIN THEIR CLASS • Endogamous societies: • College • Job/Career • Living Space/Neighborhood • Social • Common Experiences • Public School is Social Engineering: Why? Egalitarian?
  26. 26. C12 ASSIGNMENT Key Terms: Class Functionalism Gerald Berreman Karl Marx/Max Weber Power & Wealth Prestige Ascribed Achieved Open System Closed System Social Mobility Caste: Brahman to Dalits
  27. 27. C12 ASSIGNMENT • The American Dream links Fareed Zakaria Time: http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2026916,00.html
  28. 28. PBS CLASS IDENTITY PAGE PBS Class Identity Page http://www.pbs.org/peoplelikeus/games/index.html US Census Bureau measure of poverty http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/poverty.html
  29. 29. CLASS/CASTE IN ANTHROPOLOGY Very useful paradigm/theme for your IA.
  30. 30. FUN AND QUICK PRESENTATION MARXIST THEORY • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oqcMy3cOiW4
  31. 31. “CLASS” FROM PEOPLE LIKE US FILM This is two hours long, we will watch the first 20 minutes or so and then discuss (like A -B Qs). http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ATcF3BInt_w
  32. 32. YOUTUBE VIDEO “SOCIAL DIFFERENTIATION” Don’t mind the music- this has value: key terms, brief (less than 10 min), and useful to review (easily accessible). http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KyX6ICxLv5k
  33. 33. CODE SWITCHING (C5 LANGUAGE) AND CLASS Did you observe or were you affected by this during your IA Observation? About students transitioning to Georgetown http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4HIe4qwObUk
  34. 34. TRAVEL/TOURISM: FIRST CONTACT Two Themes in IBSCA Explore in this video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jprJBYYRcqQ
  35. 35. YOUTUBE: WHAT IS ANTHROPOLOGY AND SOCIAL THEORY • Help for IA, class, and overall: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hOFWDD-zJIc
  36. 36. FOR ME SOCIAL STUDIES DIFF LESSON • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v-qEBm2nBD4