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First part in a four part study on the Bible.

First part in a four part study on the Bible.

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The bible.w1 The bible.w1 Presentation Transcript

  • The BibleAn Introduction to God’s Grand Story Week 1
  • What is the Bible?• What are some views of the Bible? – Answer Book – Owners Manuel – Theological Text Book – Tool for Manipulation• What are the issues that come with each of these views?
  • What is the Bible?The Bible is not a book for the faint of heart- it is a book full of all the greed and gloryand violence and tenderness and sex andbetrayal that benefits mankind. It is not thecollection of pretty little anecdotes mouthedby pious little church mice - it does not somuch nibble at our shoe leather as it cuts tothe heart and splits the marrow from thebone. It does not give us answers fitted toour small-minded questions, but truth thatgoes beyond what we can even know to ask. from Thoughts and Reflections by Rich Mullins
  • What is the Bible?• A working definition: A collection of writings containing the record and revelation of God’s interaction with man.
  • A collection of writings…• Old Testament – Historical • Pentateuch – Genesis – Exodus – Leviticus – Numbers – Deuteronomy
  • A collection of writings…• Old Testament – Historical • Pentateuch • Pre-Kings – Joshua – Judges – Ruth
  • A collection of writings…• Old Testament – Historical • Pentateuch • Pre-Kings • Kings – 1 & 2 Samuel – 1 & 2 Kings – 1 & 2 Chronicles
  • A collection of writings…• Old Testament – Historical • Pentateuch • Pre-Kings • Kings • Captivity – Ezra – Nehemiah – Esther
  • A collection of writings…• Old Testament – Historical – Poetry • Job • Psalms • Proverbs • Ecclesiastes • Song of Solomon
  • A collection of writings…• Old Testament – Historical – Poetry – Prophets • Major Prophets – Isaiah – Jeremiah – Lamentations – Ezekiel – Daniel
  • A collection of writings…• Old Testament – Historical – Poetry – Prophets • Major Prophets • Minor Prophets – Hosea - Malachi
  • A collection of writings…• Old Testament – Historical – Poetry – Prophets
  • A collection of writings…• Old Testament• New Testament – Gospels • Matthew • Mark • Luke • John
  • A collection of writings…• Old Testament• New Testament – Gospels – History • Acts
  • A collection of writings…• Old Testament• New Testament – Gospels – History – Paul’s Letters • Romans –Philemon
  • A collection of writings…• Old Testament• New Testament – Gospels – History – Paul’s Letters – Other Letters • Hebrews-Jude
  • A collection of writings…• Old Testament• New Testament – Gospels – History – Paul’s Letters – Other Letters – Prophecy • Revelation
  • A collection of writings…• Old Testament• New Testament – Gospels – History – Paul’s Letters – Other Letters – Prophecy
  • …containing the record and revelation…• Record Two extremes are to be avoided when describing the Bible: Either by denying or diminishing its divine characteristics while affirming its human traits, or else affirming its divine properties while denying or diminishing its human elements. Systematic Theology by Norman Geisler
  • …containing the record and revelation…• Record – Authors – Literary styles and forms – Reflects different human • Perspectives • Thought patterns • Emotions • Interests • Culture • Sources
  • …containing the record and revelation…• Record• Revelation – Divine Authority But He answered and said, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God.’ ” Matthew 4:4
  • …containing the record and revelation…• Record• Revelation – Divine Authority – Imperishability “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.” Matthew 5:17-18
  • …containing the record and revelation…• Record• Revelation – Divine Authority – Imperishability – Supremacy And He answered and said to them, “Why do you yourselves transgress the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition?” Matthew 15:3
  • …containing the record and revelation…• Record• Revelation – Divine Authority – Imperishability – Supremacy – True “Sanctify them in the truth; Your word is truth.” John 17:17
  • …containing the record and revelation…• Record• Revelation – Divine Authority – Imperishability – Supremacy – True – Historical Reliability • Matthew 12:40; cf. 16:4 • Matthew 24:37-38
  • …containing the record and revelation…• Record• Revelation – Divine Authority – Imperishability – Supremacy – True – Historical Reliability – Accuracy • Matthew 19:4-5
  • …containing the record and revelation…• Record• Revelation – Divine Authority – Imperishability – Supremacy – True – Historical Reliability – Accuracy
  • … of God’s interaction with man.• Actual people• Actual places• Actual problems• Actual encounters• Actually God
  • How did we get it?All transmissions of the Biblewere handwritten until theinvention of the printing pressin 1450s by JohannGutenberg.
  • How did we get it?• Old Testament – Hebrew Bible • Law (Torah) – Genesis – Deuteronomy • Prophets – The Former Prophets – Joshua – Kings – The Latter Prophets – Isaiah – The Book of the Twelve • Writings – Poetic Books – Psalms, Job, Proverbs – Five Scrolls – Ruth, Song of Songs, Ecc, Lam, Esther – Historical Books – Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, Chronicles – Written in two related languages, Hebrew and Aramaic
  • How did we get it?• Old Testament – Sometime around 250 BC the Jews began to use Aramaic language. – Septuagint (LXX): Greek translation of the Old Testament translated around 300-150 BC.
  • ‫‪Old Testament‬‬‫)‪Genesis 1:1-2 (BHS/WIVU‬‬ ‫1 בראׁשיה ת ברא אלהי ם אה ת הׁשמי ם‬ ‫ּ ֵ ו םִ ּ יַ֖מָ לֱ ִהֹ ו םִ ֵ ַ ּ ַו םִ‬ ‫ּׁ ו םִי֖‬ ‫יַ֖מָ‬ ‫ םי֑ ת֥‬ ‫ֵרְ ּׁ יַ֖מָ ֱא א֣‬ ‫ו םִי֖‬ ‫ואה ת האר׃ץ׃‬ ‫ֵרְ ֵ יַ֖מָ יַ֖מָ ׃ץֶ‬ ‫ץֶרֽ‬ ‫ ת֥‬ ‫ֵרְ יַ֖מָ יַ֖מָ ׃ץֶ יַ֖מֵָרְ יַ֖מָ ִהֹ ּ יַ֖מָ ִהֹ ּ ֵרְ ִהֹ ּׁ ֵרְ‬ ‫2     והאר׃ץ היה תה ה תהו ובהו וחׁשך‬ ‫ו םִי֖ ׃ץֶ‬ ‫ ת֥ וה֨ ו ֙ ּוה֔‬ ‫ץֶר֗‬ ‫על־פני ה תהו ם ורוח אלהי ם מרחפה ת‬ ‫ַ ֵּ ֵרְ םיִ֑הֹ ֵרְ ֱא אּ֣ ַ לֱ ִהֹ ו םִ ֵרְ ַ ׃ץֶ ׃ץֶ‬ ‫ו םִי֖‬ ‫ּוה֔‬ ‫ֵרְֱא א֣‬ ‫על־פני המי ם׃‬ ‫ַ ּ ת֥ ַ יַ֖מָו םִ‬ ‫ץֶרֽ‬ ‫ֵרְֵ ּ‬
  • Old TestamentGenesis 1:1-2 (LXX) Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἐποίησεν ὁ θεὸς τὸν οὐρανὸν καὶ τὴν γῆν. 2 ἡ δὲ γῆ ἦν ἀόρατος καὶ ἀκατασκεύαστος, καὶ σκότος ἐπάνω τῆς ἀβύσσου, καὶ πνεῦμα θεοῦ ἐπεφέρετο ἐπάνω τοῦ ὕδατος.
  • How did we get it?• New Testament – The New Testament was originally written in Koine Greek between the years 40-100 AD. – 80% of the OT quotes in the NT are from the Septuagint.
  • How did we get it?• Chapter Divisions – Stephen Langon in the 12th century – Robert Estienne in Geneva in 1557
  • Geneva in 1557
  • How did we get it?• Canonization A collection or list of books accepted as an authoritative rule of faith and practice.
  • Canonization• Jesus ben Sirach’s grandson, writing about 132 BC, references scripture.• Josephus (90-100 AD)• Jewish tradition claimed that prophecy had ceased about 400 BC.• Jesus in Luke 11:49-51
  • Luke 11:49-51“For this reason also the wisdom of Godsaid, ‘I will send to them prophets andapostles, and some of them they will killand some they will persecute, so that theblood of all the prophets, shed since thefoundation of the world, may be chargedagainst this generation, from the blood ofAbel to the blood of Zechariah, who waskilled between the altar and the house ofGod; yes, I tell you, it shall be chargedagainst this generation.’” Luke 11:49-51
  • How did we get it?• John Gutenberg (1398-1468) published the first Bible.• Wycliffe’s first version of the New Testament in Middle English appeared in 1380.• Tyndale’s Bible was printed in 1526. – went back to the original Hebrew and Greek. – printed in and used modern English.• The Geneva Translation had marginal notes that were Calvinistic (1556).
  • John Gutenberg
  • Wycliffe’s Bible
  • Geneva Translation
  • How did we get it?• King James I of England (1604) – 54 biblical scholars – Six groups – 1611 the work was complete – Used for over three centuries
  • In MostLiteral te rli ne V ar er si on s Pa ra ph r Translations Bi as bl e e St or y Least Bo Literal o k
  • Translations
  • TranslationsJohn 3:16 John 3:16 (The John 3:16(NASB95) Message) (NLT)“For God so “This is how “For Godloved the world, much God loved thethat He gave loved the world: world soHis only He gave his much that hebegotten Son, Son, his one gave his onethat whoever and only Son. and only Son,believes in Him And this is why: so thatshall not perish, so that no one everyonebut have need be who believeseternal life.” destroyed; by in him will not believing in perish but him, anyone have eternal can have a life.” whole and lasting life.”
  • Interlinear
  • Why is it important to me?• Considered authoritative• Used to determine beliefs and doctrines• Claims to be the Word of God – 3800 times the Bible declares “God said” or “Thus says the Lord” – Paul’s confession (1 Corinthians 14:37) – John’s confession ( 1 John 4:6)
  • Why is it important to me?• 2 Timothy 3:16-17 All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; so that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work.
  • Why is it important to me?• Teaching – Instructing believers in God’s truth – Standard• Reproof – Changing behavior – Behavior not matching standard• Correction – Changing thinking – Thinking not matching standard• Training – Modeling behaviors – Guiding toward standard
  • Summary• God desires to be in relationship with us and the Bible is an important tool in the development of that relationship.• It is important that we do not replace a love for the Bible for a love of God.