VRA2010-ET Session-1-Cloud Computing


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Emerging Technology Session 1,
Cloud Computing
Heather Cleary & John Trendler
at VRA 2010

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  • Heather Cleary & John Trendler VRA2010 ETVRA2010
  • Computer scientists at NIST developed this draft definition in collaboration with industry and government and we expect it to evolve over time as the cloud industry and cloud technology matures.
  • Cloud computing is not having servers in your closet that host a website, applications that don’t reside on your desktop.
  • You can access the cloud from a wide variety of web-enabled devices
  • Storage and applications may reside almost anywhere in the world
  • Pay as you go – similar to utilities, e.g. electricity to your home
  • Just a few of the many online storage/backup services
  • Cloud computing can be easily scaled up or down to meet demands
  • What is a social network? In terms of cloud computing, it is finding other people who share your likes and dislikes, careers, schools, etc. It uses asynchronous communication.
  • Get connected! There are several social network platforms out there, but today I’m going to talk about two networks that cater more for professionals.
  • For work, pages can be very powerful. They are generally used for proper organizations (and celebrities) and have to be administered by an official representative. The VRA even has a page on Facebook. Please become a fan today! If you don’t have money for a website, or do not have much control over your web pages, building a Facebook page for your library or collection is awesome. These pages can be made public and accessed by people without Facebook accounts. You can add and change information quickly, such as posting holiday hours. Also, you do not need to now any HTML or have any programming expertise.
  • Facebook is free – though with ads. When you sign on, you create a profile and add friends based on your email address book. Then you can search the directory for more friends, follow friends of friends (of friends), and lots more.
  • There are already several Facebook pages geared for VR folk, including a couple VRA chapters. Here is an example of the Photos tab
  • The Brand Library and Art Center in Glendale, California, does a lot of outreach with their Facebook page. I can check this page to find out quickly what’s happening at the Brand.
  • On Facebook, there is another powerful tool called Groups. Similar to Pages, groups are about specific topics and ideas, both serious and silly, political and personal. Here are a few groups that I belong to. These groups can be ephemeral. You can join a group or create your own.
  • The lines between pages and groups can be blurry. The set up is similar with tabs for Wall, Info, Discussions, and Photos. Here is a screenshot of a group that was created when the UCLA Regents proposed closing down the Arts Library. Although the discussion has died down a bit, I suspect that it will revive during the next round of budgeting.
  • LinkedIn is another social network, though this one is gear more towards maintaining professional connections. It is geared towards work and employment. It is also free and supported by ads.
  • You can make parts or all of your profile public. Again, you connect with people through email addresses, searching the directory, and going through friends of friends.
  • When you find someone to add to your network, you define your relationship. Once linked, people can recommend each other, communicate, send resumes, etc.
  • VRA has a presence on LinkedIn as well, though it is not that active.
  • Blog = web + log, or an online diary of sorts, so a micro-blog is a tiny online diary
  • There are countless microblogging platforms today
  • Adocu call itself a nanoblogging platform, status updates are limited to one word. http://adocu.com/johntrendler
  • Status updates keep your friends informed, and often use abbreviations
  • URL shorteners abbreviate long URL’s, most are free and easy to use
  • An example of an URL being shortened with Ow.ly
  • Microblogs can give valuable information, in artwhirled the blogger rates exhibitions using a 5 star system
  • Twitter shows users what topics are popular by the minute, day and week
  • Here are some of the popular (or trending) topics of 2009, broken down by category From: http://ow.ly/1mZtr
  • Hashtags make locating posts about certain topics easier
  • #VRA2010 hashtags as search results in Twitter
  • It’s hard to keep up on all of these networks, but there are tools (and apps) for that. Feed readers and other aggregators: FriendFeed, Ping.fm, and Google Buzz Publish once and push to other sites/networks/platforms: TweetDeck and TubeMogul.
  • Tweet Deck is a desktop application; it does not live in The Cloud. It allows you to manage multiple accounts on platforms, making it easy for you to publish across the services. It’s also helpful for viewing feeds from different accounts simultaneously.
  • You can connect several social network accounts through Ping,fm. Here is a partial screenshot of the list networks supported.
  • OpenID and Linked Accounts allow you to network among sites and services. Log into other sites using Google ID or Facebook account For instance, when I leave a comment on the io9 blog, I log in using my Facebook account. Although it makes it easier to log in to web sites, it will create links that you might regret later.
  • If you decide to join Unshelved Answers, you must log in with an OpenID.
  • Did you log into the VRA Conference schedule by clicking on the Connect with Facbook or Sign in with Twitter buttons? Then you have already used OpenID. For other sites, you may be taken to the OpenID website to register.
  • Customization and Individualization Advice - It's impossible to keep on top of all of the feeds Smart recommendations for searches If your friends like this, you might like that - Netflix, Amazon
  • Customization and Individualization Everything is modular -you make your own story out of the mass of data Special interfaces to help you keep on top of what matters to you! These pages include more than social network feeds, including RSS feeds, The amount of information is overwhelming. Don’t even try to read every single update or follow every URL. Like reading email, find strategies to help you cope with it.
  • Why care? – Because everyone has one. Mobile browsers and skins - faster load time, UI appropriate to size of screen As Amanda Rybin demonstrated on Wednesday, mobile interfaces for blogs are very helpful.
  • Mobile computing is no longer the domain of laptops and cell phones. Most portable entertainment devices released today include some form of Wifi and networking.
  • For games, many are silly, including iFart. It’s all about the content. I can demo some of these apps – and more – after the sessions.
  • The best place to get an app for your mobile device is ON the mobile device.
  • FourSquare is an augmented reality social network. It is also a game based on geography. Wherever you go, you can “check in” at various restaurants, stores, landmarks, and other places. Image from http://gadgets.boingboing.net/2009/07/29/gdgt-meet-superfan.html
  • You can see who else on FourSquare is in the area. You can leave “Tips” about the places you go.
  • It’s also a game. The more times you visit a place, the more points you earn. You can get badges and even become the “mayor” of a place.
  • Please Rob Me used to show when users were away from home…
  • Facebook privacy settings as of March 2010
  • Privacy can be customized so that your personal information can be seen by everybody, friends & networks, friends of friends, only friends, etc.
  • You can also choose to hide things from specific people
  • Cookies are bits of data stored on your computer, usually to enhance your browsing experience
  • I like chocolate chip cookies
  • Here’s a list of cookies from sites I’ve visited. You can choose to delete all cookies or delete specific cookies.
  • Twitter banned users from choosing certain passwords, for example 111111, 1234567, password, etc
  • VRA2010-ET Session-1-Cloud Computing

    1. 1. CLOUD COMPUTING <ul><li>Cloud Computing Defined </li></ul><ul><li>Social Computing </li></ul><ul><li>Microblogging </li></ul><ul><li>Integrative Computing </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Computing </li></ul><ul><li>Online Privacy </li></ul>
    2. 2. Cloud Computing Cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction National Institute of Standards and Technology, Information Technology Laboratory
    3. 3. Cloud Computing Created by John Trendler using Adobe Illustrator CS4 and a Wacom Bamboo graphics tablet Cloud Computing
    4. 4. Cloud Computing On Demand, Self Service For example: Webmail
    5. 5. Cloud Computing Broad Network Access
    6. 6. Cloud Computing Decentralized Infrastructure
    7. 7. Cloud Computing Metered Service For example: Online Storage
    8. 8. Cloud Computing Cloud Computing Online Storage/Backup Lite - 1GB storage - Free Individual - 10GB - $9.95/month Home Free – 2GB storage – Free Home - Unlimited - $4.95/month Personal - Unlimited - $50/year
    9. 9. Cloud Computing Scalability
    10. 10. Cloud Computing Cloud Computing Created by John Trendler using Adobe Illustrator CS4 and a Wacom Bamboo graphics tablet Take it away Heather…
    11. 11. Social Networks
    12. 12. Cloud Computing Social Networks <ul><li>Generally hosted by cloud computing </li></ul><ul><li>People come together on various platforms and form self-selected groups </li></ul><ul><li>Publicity </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Fun </li></ul>
    13. 13. Cloud Computing FaceBook
    14. 14. Cloud Computing FaceBook
    15. 15. Cloud Computing FaceBook
    16. 16. Cloud Computing FaceBook
    17. 17. Cloud Computing FaceBook
    18. 18. Cloud Computing FaceBook
    19. 19. Cloud Computing LinkedIn
    20. 20. Cloud Computing LinkedIn
    21. 21. Cloud Computing LinkedIn
    22. 22. Cloud Computing LinkedIn
    23. 23. Cloud Computing Microblogging A visual etymology of Micro-blog
    24. 24. Cloud Computing
    25. 25. Cloud Computing
    26. 26. Cloud Computing
    27. 27. Cloud Computing Some URL Shorteners tinyurl http://tinyurl.com/ bit.ly http://bit.ly/ is.gd http://is.gd/ tr.im http://tr.im/ ow.ly http://ow.ly
    28. 28. Cloud Computing
    29. 29. Cloud Computing
    30. 30. Cloud Computing
    31. 31. Cloud Computing Top Twitter Trending Topics of 2009 News Events 1. #iranelection 2. Swine Flu 3. Gaza 4. Iran 5. Tehran 6. #swineflu 7. AIG 8. #uksnow 9. Earth Hour 10. #inaug09 Technology 1. Google Wave 2. Snow Leopard 3. Tweetdeck 4. Windows 7 5. CES 6. Palm Pre 7. Google Latitude 8. #E3 9. #amazonfail 10. Macworld Hash Tags 1. #musicmonday 2. #iranelection 3. #sxsw 4. #swineflu 5. #nevertrust 6. #mm 7. #rememberwhen 8. #3drunkwords 9. #unacceptable 10. #iwish From: http://ow.ly/1mZtr
    32. 32. Cloud Computing hashtag #vra2010
    33. 33. Cloud Computing
    34. 34. Cloud Computing
    35. 35. Cloud Computing Managing Feeds (X-Platform) Friend Feed – Automatically posts your activity from Facebook, Twitter, YouTube & more Ping.fm – Manange multiple social networks TweetDeck – Manage multiple Twitter accounts, link to Facebook, MySpace, and LinkedIn TubeMogul – Post your video in one place and it will be distributed to Blip.tv, Break, YouTube & many more Google Buzz – Aggregates several feeds
    36. 36. Cloud Computing TweetDeck
    37. 37. Cloud Computing Ping.fm
    38. 38. Cloud Computing OpenID and Linked Accounts <ul><li>In the cloud, everything is connected </li></ul><ul><li>Log into multiple web sites, services and apps with one account: </li></ul><ul><li>Google </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter </li></ul><ul><li>WordPress </li></ul><ul><li>AOL </li></ul>
    39. 39. Cloud Computing OpenID in Action
    40. 40. Cloud Computing SCHED
    41. 41. Cloud Computing Recommendation Engines If your friends like this, you might like it too… Amazon, Netflix suggest items to buy or rent Facebook & LinkedIn suggest friends, pages and groups Tons of mobile apps suggest places to visit
    42. 42. Cloud Computing Personalization Remixing Everything is modular Create your own story out of the stream Personalized Portals iGoogle PageFlakes Advice for the the Overwhelmed Skim and skip through the glut of information Relax – it’s supposed to be fun
    43. 43. Cloud Computing Mobile Computing WPTouch blog theme for WordPress in action. http://www.bravenewcode.com/products/wptouch/
    44. 44. Cloud Computing The Future Is Now <ul><li>Network-ready mobile devices are ubiquitous: </li></ul><ul><li>Smart Phones and PDAs </li></ul><ul><li>iPhone </li></ul><ul><li>Blackberry </li></ul><ul><li>Palm Pre & Pixi </li></ul><ul><li>Android phones </li></ul><ul><li>Portable Media Devices </li></ul><ul><li>iPods </li></ul><ul><li>MP3 players </li></ul><ul><li>Sony Dash </li></ul><ul><li>E-Book Readers </li></ul><ul><li>Amazon Kindle </li></ul><ul><li>Sony Reader </li></ul><ul><li>Apple iPad </li></ul>
    45. 45. Cloud Computing Apps, Apps and More Apps Social Networking Facebook Twitter Brizzly Travel Tips Kayak Urban Spoon Productivity Spell Number Navigation Google Maps Services Wunder Augmented Reality Wikitude Shazam Foursquare Games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, games, and more games
    46. 46. Cloud Computing Major App Marketplaces Web Site OS Company Android Market Android OS Google App Catalog webOS Palm App Store iPhone OS Apple App World Blackberry OS Rhythm in Motion Ovi Store Symbian OS Nokia Windows Marketplace Windows Mobile Microsoft
    47. 47. Cloud Computing FourSquare Geographic Social Network Tips Recommendations Game
    48. 48. Cloud Computing FourSquare – Friends & Tips
    49. 49. Cloud Computing FourSquare – Places
    50. 50. Cloud Computing FourSquare – It’s a Game
    51. 51. Cloud Computing Online Privacy burglary, incriminating photos, cookies and YOU!
    52. 52. Cloud Computing We're not showing the Twitter messages anymore, as they no longer add anything. If you don't want your information to show up everywhere, don't over-share ;-)
    53. 53. Cloud Computing
    54. 54. Cloud Computing Kevin Colvin Kevin Colvin, an intern at Anglo Irish Bank's North American arm sent his boss the following e-mail: “ I just want to let you know that I will not be able to come into work tomorrow. Something came up at home and I had to go to New York this morning for the next couple of days. I apologize for the delayed notice. Kind regards, Kevin” The next day a co-worker found the following photo freshly uploaded To Colvin’s Facebook account…
    55. 55. Cloud Computing His boss attached the photo to an e-mail response which he sent to the rest of the office “ Kevin, Thanks for letting us know – hope everything is ok in New York. (cool wand) Cheers, PCD”
    56. 56. Cloud Computing Facebook Privacy Settings
    57. 57. Cloud Computing You decide who sees what…
    58. 58. Cloud Computing
    59. 59. Cloud Computing
    60. 60. Cloud Computing Cookies!
    61. 61. Cloud Computing
    62. 62. Cloud Computing Passwords The full list of the 370 banned Twitter passwords can be found at: http://blog.wundercounter.com/2009/12/twitter-and-avoiding-weak-passwords.html
    63. 63. Cloud Computing Turn on, log in, log out Review your privacy settings Never take cookies from a stranger