Greening of IT in UK Further & Higher Ed Through Cloud Computing

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Presentation by John Treadway of Unisys Corp delivered to the "Greening of the Further Education and Higher Education Sector in the UK" event in London 27 April 2011.

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  • 50% of ICT Energy Usage in UK F&HE From PCs/Laptops
  • ^ "Higher Education Enrolments, and Qualifications Obtained, at Higher Education Institutions in the UK in the Academic Year 2006/07". Higher Education Statistics Agency. 10 January 2008. "The total number of HE enrolments at English HEIs stood at 1,957,195 in 2006/07."^ "Further Education, Work-Based Learning, Train to Gain and Adult Safeguarded Learning - Learner Numbers in England: October 2007". Learning and Skills Council. 10 April 2008. "There were 1.75 million learners in LSC-funded FE on 1 October 2007."
  • Lower power devices, etc…
  • Low energy usage, low CO2 footprint. Portable, fast, perfect??
  • So, what if we were to get to these greener all-in-onedevices replacing what we have today?
  • So, the offset of iPads is more cloud computing… data coming from music, photo, facebook, gmail, etc….
  • So, the offset of iPads is more cloud computing… data coming from music, photo, facebook, gmail, etc….
  • So, the offset of iPads is more cloud computing… data coming from music, photo, facebook, gmail, etc….
  • Type and proximity of power. How is it generated? Coal, Gas, Nuclear, Wind, GeoThermal?PUE (Power Usage Effectiveness) 1.07Density of
  • 85f, 65% humidity, 1.5U to enable better air flow
  • 256 sockets, 512 cores, 1.024 TB RAM, 1.28 Tbps
  • Greening of IT in UK Further & Higher Ed Through Cloud Computing

    1. 1. Reducing Carbon Footprint in UK Further & Higher Education through Cloud Computing John Treadway, Global Director Cloud Solutions Unisys Corporation April 27, 2011 john.treadway@unisys.com
    2. 2. F&HE ICT-related Carbon Footprint © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 2 Managing Sustainable ICT in Further and Higher Education - JISC, 2009 www.jisc.ac.uk/publications 1,486,000 Computers 246,000 Printers 238,000 Servers 500,000 Tonnes of CO2e Per Year
    3. 3. Feel the Heat? 50% of energy here… © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 3 Managing Sustainable ICT in Further and Higher Education - JISC, 2009 www.jisc.ac.uk/publications
    4. 4. The Carbon Impact of PCs In F&HE © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 4
    5. 5. 4.7 million* of These… © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 5 "Higher Education Enrolments, and Qualifications Obtained, at Higher Education Institutions in the UK in the Academic Year 2006/07". Higher Education Statistics Agency. 10 January 2008. "The total number of HE enrolments at English HEIs stood at 1,957,195 in 2006/07.“ ^ "Further Education, Work-Based Learning, Train to Gain and Adult Safeguarded Learning - Learner Numbers in England: October 2007". Learning and Skills Council. 10 April 2008. "There were 1.75 million learners in LSC-funded FE on 1 October 2007.“. HESA and Dept for Business Innovation and Skills / Office National Statistics Published 31st March 2011
    6. 6. … create 1.55 Million Tonnes CO2e © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 6
    7. 7. What if All Students Carried iPads? © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 7 More than two-thirds less – save >1.0 Mt CO2e!
    8. 8. I Carry Three “Computers” © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 8
    9. 9. That’s My Inconvenient Truth…. © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 9
    10. 10. Is this the future? © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 10
    11. 11. Maybe if Steve Jobs would make it worth having? © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 11 Queue the Choir…
    12. 12. Mobile Devices Increasingly Get Their Data & Services from Clouds © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 12
    13. 13. First, What Is Cloud Computing? (obligatory level set) © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 13
    14. 14. But, Are Clouds Green? © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 14
    15. 15. It Depends… © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 15
    16. 16. Are Cloud Data Centers Greener than Traditional Data Centers? © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 16
    17. 17. Average Server Utilization © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 17 10 – 15%
    18. 18. The Demand for Data Centers Continues to Grow “In the US, data centres account for 1.5% of national electricity consumption, and this is probably also true in the UK. And the figure is rising: the SusteIT survey found that 63% of institutions are expecting to invest in more servers over the next two years.” © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 18 Managing Sustainable ICT in Further and Higher Education - JISC, 2009 www.jisc.ac.uk/publications
    19. 19. But Do We Need More Servers? © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 19 30% Utilization = ½ The Servers
    20. 20. A Simple Example of How Cloud Computing Promotes Consolidation © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 20 20% 30%20% 20% 30% 50% 7 Servers 50% Department A Department B Department C 50% 50% 50% 70% 4 Servers 42% less space, electricity, carbon Departments A, B & C
    21. 21. Comparison of Carbon Emissions of Cloud-Based vs. On-Premise Delivery of Three Microsoft Applications © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 21 http://www.accenture.com/SiteCollectionDocuments/PDF/Accenture_Sustainability_Cloud _ Computing_TheEnvironmentalBenefitsofMovingtotheCloud.pdf
    22. 22. Case Study – University Private Cloud © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 22 2X Capacity DR In Place 2% Reduction in Energy* * Unisys projections
    23. 23. Data Center Design – Because Power Efficiency Drives Profit, Cloud Providers are Motivated To Be Green © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 23
    24. 24. Larger Cloud Data Centers Can Create Green Economies of Scale © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 24 Who is this? PUE 1.07
    25. 25. What’s Missing In This Picture? © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 25
    26. 26. Applying Mobile Technology to Data Center Servers to Reduce CO2e © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 26 256 sockets, 512 cores, 1.024 TB RAM, 1.28 Tbps
    27. 27. What Can You Do? • Before Buying More Servers, Explore Combining Data Centres into Clouds – even across institutions • Use Power Management To Turn Off Servers When Not In Use • Replace Outdated DC Facilities and Servers • Talk to Unisys… © 2011 Unisys Corporation. All rights reserved. Page 27
    28. 28. Thank You John Treadway, Global Director Cloud Solutions Unisys Corporation April 27, 2011 john.treadway@unisys.com

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