French and English Fight for control The “French and Indian War”, the colonial part of the “Seven Years War” that ravaged Europe from 1756 to 1763, was the bloodiest American war in the 1700’s. It took more lives than the American Revolution, involved people on three continents, including the Caribbean.
The war was the product of a clashbetween the French and English overcolonial territory and wealth. In NorthAmerica, the war can also be seen as aproduct of the local rivalry betweenBritish and French colonists.
The war comes to an end…By September 1760, the British controlled all ofthe North American frontier; the war between thetwo countries was effectively over. The 1763,Treaty of Paris set the terms by which Francewould give in. Under the treaty, France wasforced to surrender all of their Americanpossessions to the British. Although the warwith the French ended in 1763, the Britishcontinued to fight with the Indians over the issueof land claims.
Lasting effects of the war…The results of the war effectivelyended French influence in NorthAmerica. England gained massiveamounts of land and vastlystrengthened its hold on thecontinent. The war also hurtrelationships between the Englishand Native Americans and, thoughthe war seemed to strengthenEnglands hold on the colonies, theeffects of the “French and IndianWar” played a major role in theworsening relationship betweenEngland and its colonies thateventually led into theRevolutionary War.
Treaty of Paris 1763 The Treaty that officially ended the French and Indian War. The British gained control over the area west of the 13 British Colonies all the way to the Mississippi River. The French agreed to give up any colonies in North America, including all of Canada. Since Spain had helped the French, the Spanish were also forced to give up Florida. But the Spanish still held their territory west of the Mississippi River and in Central and South America.