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Classical Era Group Project

Classical Era Group Project

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  • 1. Classical Era (1750-1800) By Jessica Skidmore, Elizabeth Snyder, Jammie Creager, Syreeta Hawks, Mary Koch
  • 2. Franz Joseph Haydn
    • Born 1732 in Austria
    • 1 of 12 children
    • Father was a wheelmaker
    • Haydn showed early talent
    • Age 8 he was accepted into St. Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna as a choir boy
    • Married Maria Esterhazy (which was a powerful family)
    • Death 1809 at the age 77
  • 3. Musical Background
    • 1750-1760 harpsichord and violin
    • 1761 assistant music director at Prince Paul Anton Esterhazy
    • 1766 promoted to music director
    • Dozen operas
    • 100 symphonies
    • nearly 70 string quartets
    • 50 keyboard sonatas
    • choral music, songs and other chamber music.
    • He was international known
  • 4. London Symphonies
    • Traveled twice to London (1791-1792, 1794-1795)
    • 12 Symphonies in London
    • Brilliant and Fascinating Works
    • Click here to Listen Now
  • 5. The Creation
    • “ I was never so devout as when I as at work on The Creation. ” – Haydn
    • Composed in 1798
    • Describes the creation of the world
    • Begins with Chaos
    • Climax in C major when Creation began
    • Used musical descriptions of nature
    • Click here to listen now  
  • 6. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    • Born on January 27, 1756 in Salzburg, Austria
    • At the age of 6 his father took him to play for the imperial court and in noble houses
    • Began composing music at the age of 5
    • Composed over 600 works in his lifetime
    • Died December 5, 1791 in Vienna, Austria
  • 7. Eine Kleine Nachtmusik
    • “ A Little Serenade”
    • Completed in Vienna August 10, 1787
    • Mozart was working on his opera Don Giovanni at the time he wrote this serenade
    • Not published until after Mozart’s death
    • Click here to listen now
  • 8. LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN
    • Born in 1770 in Bonn, Germany
    • Grew up in poverty
    • Father was his first music teacher
    • Studied with Neefe, Haydn, Schenk, Salieri and Albrechtsberger
    • Accomplished violinist and violist
    • Brilliant virtuoso of the piano
    • Instrumental in development of Sonata form of music
    • Enjoyed nature and music that expressed emotion
    • Lost his hearing by age 50
  • 9. Sonata quasi una fantasia
    • Piano Sonata #14, op. 27, No. 2 in c# minor
    • Titled “Moonlight Sonata” by publisher as music reminded him of moonlight on a lake.
    • Melody moves softly and slowly in legato style above triplets played with right hand.
    • Melody and accompaniment in treble clef
    • Melody goes to bass clef in measure 60 with arpeggios in treble clef
    • Melody supported by chords and broken chords
    • Click here to listen now
  • 10. Muzio Clementi Italian – (English) Pianist ,Composer and Conductor, 1752-1832 Sonata OP 25, No 5
    • Born in Rome on January 23 rd 1752
    • The firstborn of seven children
    • By age 7 he began receiving private music lessons
    • At the age 13 was the Church Organist at San Lorenzo Damaso.
    • Clementi also had composed his first Oratorio by age 13
    • Clementi Died in 1832 , at the age of 80
    • click here to listen now
  • 11. Musical Points of Interest
    • Was the first composer to create Keyboard works solely for pianoforte
    • Established current piano techniques
    • Composed about 110 Piano Sonatas
    • 1766 Studied under Peter Beckford for 7 years who reportedly leased the young Clementi .
    • 1774 Made his debut as a Harpiscordist and moved to London
    • Summer of 1780 Clementi toured Europe .
    • 1781 Christmas eve. Clementi played for Joseph II brother of Marie Antonette in Vienna. A challenge between Mozart and Clementi took place at this event. That was also Clementi’s first time playing the fortepiano.
  • 12. Works Cited
    • Machlis, Joseph, The Enjoyment of Music, 5 th ed., W. W. Norton and Company, 1955, 264-83.
    • http://www.biography.com/articles/Wolfgang-Amadeus-Mozart-9417115&part=7#15616
    • Whent, Chris. &quot;(Franz) Joseph Haydn.&quot; &quot;Here of a Sunday Morning&quot; . Producer,WBAI'S &quot;Here Of A Sunday Morning&quot; , n.d. Web. 12 Oct 2010. <http://www.hoasm.org/XIIC/Haydn.html>.
    • Yudkin, Jeremy. Understanding Music . 5th. Pearson, 2008. 175-181. Print.