What is Geography?<br />Geography- science dealing with the Earth’s surface and interactions between regions, cultures, cl...
Outline<br /><ul><li>Where people live
People in natural environment
How people use the Earth
The personality of places</li></li></ul><li>Where People Live<br />
Earth is home to 5 billion people<br />Geography groups people according to the environment they live in.<br />Regions- pa...
Latitude & Longitude<br />Coordinates used to tell where a place is located<br />Latitude - horizontal <br />Longitude- ve...
Temperature Regions<br />Regions are divided into temperatures regions because the Sun dose not heat the Earth equally. <b...
Culture Regions<br />People who live in a region with similar cultures.<br />Language, religion, and traditions may be sam...
Population<br />Cartogram- The size show how big the country’s population is.<br />Population Density- the number of peopl...
People and Natural Environments<br />
Physical Features and Climate<br />Physical Features create both opportunities and difficulties for people<br />Physical F...
Climate<br />Tropical <br />Temperate<br />Warm-hot year round<br />Lots of rainfall<br />Dense forests<br />Erosion probl...
Climate<br />Polar<br />Dry<br />Very cold and dry<br />Snow and ice covered<br />People who live in Polar climates adapte...
How People Use the Land<br />
Land Uses <br /><ul><li>Human Feature
Homes, buildings, clear-cutting forests
Agriculture
Growing crops, raising animals
Resources
Coal, wood, water, air, iron, petroleum
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What is geography

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What is geography

  1. 1. What is Geography?<br />Geography- science dealing with the Earth’s surface and interactions between regions, cultures, climates, population, and land use. <br />
  2. 2. Outline<br /><ul><li>Where people live
  3. 3. People in natural environment
  4. 4. How people use the Earth
  5. 5. The personality of places</li></li></ul><li>Where People Live<br />
  6. 6. Earth is home to 5 billion people<br />Geography groups people according to the environment they live in.<br />Regions- parts of the world that have the same characteristics. <br />
  7. 7. Latitude & Longitude<br />Coordinates used to tell where a place is located<br />Latitude - horizontal <br />Longitude- vertical <br />Bovee UC<br /> 43◦ N, 84◦ W<br />
  8. 8. Temperature Regions<br />Regions are divided into temperatures regions because the Sun dose not heat the Earth equally. <br />Polar regions<br /> Between 60◦N/North Pole and 60◦S/South Pole<br /> Cold weather year round<br />Temperate regions<br /> Between 30◦ N/60◦ N and 30◦ S/60◦ S<br /> Summers- warm/hot Winters- cool/cold<br />Tropical regions<br /> Between 30◦ N and 30◦ S<br /> Warm year round<br />
  9. 9. Culture Regions<br />People who live in a region with similar cultures.<br />Language, religion, and traditions may be same<br />Can spread across boundaries of countries, nations, and continents<br /> example) Hispanic Culture<br />
  10. 10. Population<br />Cartogram- The size show how big the country’s population is.<br />Population Density- the number of people living in an area. <br />
  11. 11. People and Natural Environments<br />
  12. 12. Physical Features and Climate<br />Physical Features create both opportunities and difficulties for people<br />Physical Features: rivers, valleys, mountains, plains, and plateaus<br />Climate affects all aspects of life like your home, job, food, clothes, and where you live.<br />There are 4 different Climates: Tropical, Temperate, Polar, and Dry.<br />
  13. 13. Climate<br />Tropical <br />Temperate<br />Warm-hot year round<br />Lots of rainfall<br />Dense forests<br />Erosion problems<br />Asia, Africa, and South America<br />Cool-Cold Winters<br />Warm-Hot Summers<br />Summers long enough to grow crops<br />Precipitation varies<br />
  14. 14. Climate<br />Polar<br />Dry<br />Very cold and dry<br />Snow and ice covered<br />People who live in Polar climates adapted to the weather.<br />Fish/hunt for food<br />Wear protective clothes<br />Found at many latitudes<br />Deserts in Africa & Middle East. Cooler temperatures in U.S. and Asia.<br />Vegetation: grass, shrubs, or cactuses<br />To grow crops farmers need to bring water in (irrigation system). <br />
  15. 15. How People Use the Land<br />
  16. 16. Land Uses <br /><ul><li>Human Feature
  17. 17. Homes, buildings, clear-cutting forests
  18. 18. Agriculture
  19. 19. Growing crops, raising animals
  20. 20. Resources
  21. 21. Coal, wood, water, air, iron, petroleum
  22. 22. Urban Development
  23. 23. Major cities: highways, skyscrapers, sewage pipes, telephone lines</li></li></ul><li>The Personality of Places<br />
  24. 24. Cities and Suburbs<br />Cities- a town with a large population.<br />Has apartment, commercial, government building<br />Can have many different culture in on area: Chinatown and Greektown in Chicago<br />Suburbs- The outskirts of a city where residential homes are.<br />
  25. 25. Building Materials<br />Northern Europe- wood house<br />Hot dry climate- mud or clay<br />Wet tropical regions- walls made from wood, roofs made from leaves<br />Other common materials: stone, brick, straw, and ice<br />You can tell a lot about a region by what the house is made out of.<br />
  26. 26. Barriers<br />Mountain<br />Ocean<br />Today there are still people who live up in the mountains and are cut off from civilization. They live off the mountain in small communities. <br />Before there was navigation systems people would use the ocean currents to cross the ocean. <br />Andes Mountains<br />
  27. 27. Thank You!<br />
  28. 28. References<br />The world map http://www.georgehernandez.com/h/xMartialArts/Geography.asp<br />Geography definition http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/geography<br />Picture of world population http://home.comcast.net/~DiazStudents/whistory_units1.htm<br />Picture of world regions http://home.comcast.net/~DiazStudents/whistory_units1.htm<br />Picture of Bovee http://itouchmap.com/latlong.html<br />Picture of Hispanic culture http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hispanic_Culture-World_Map.png<br />World cartogram picture from The World And Its People book<br />Climate map http://mappery.com/map-of/World-Climate-Map<br />Physical features picture form Microsoft Clip Art<br />Climate pictures from Microsoft Clip Art<br />How do people use the land picture http://www.waterencyclopedia.com/La-Mi/Land-Use-Planning .html <br />Land Uses pictures from Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  29. 29. References<br />Picture of Chinatown http://www.chicagochinatown.org/cccorg/article.jsp?pageReq=p1214322194157& articleID=a1214545920334<br />Picture of Greektown http://www.google.com/imgres?q=greektown+chicago&um=1&hl=en&safe=off&r lz=1C1CHFX_ enUS391US391&biw=1440&bih=775&tbm=isch&tbnid=6zCKW-wgc_P_uM:&imgrefurl=http:// m.wikitravel.org/en /Chicago/Near_ West_ Side&docid=6vUP6TdihQxWcM&w=2048&h=1365& ei=ECeTTrTKOtKDsgKXtP29 AQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=315& page=1&tbnh=122&tbnw= 176&start=0&ndsp=30&ved=1t:429,r:25,s:0&tx=99&ty=49<br />Picture of suburbs http://citiesetc.blogspot.com/2011/03/suburbs.html<br />Picture of wood house http://www.superstock.co.uk/stock-photos-images/1848-269027<br />Picture of mud house http://blog.travelpod.com/travel-blog-entries/beebowen/1/1272287231/tpod.html#_<br />Picture of rainforest hut http://www.travelsinparadise.com/travelarticle/ecuador-rainforest.html<br />Picture of Andes Mountains http://www.google.com/imgres?q=villages+in+the+andes&um=1&hl=en&safe=off&rlz=1C1CHFX_enUS391US391&biw=1440&bih=775&tbm=isch&tbnid=pefLp6bUYPKpZM:&imgrefurl=http://www.aynishamanichealing.eu/pictures.php&docid=Si8N5G7iGTgxEM&w=600&h=450&ei=c0mTTuG2M-iNsAKPgd2bAQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=299&page=4&tbnh=125&tbnw=176&start=86&ndsp=29&ved=1t:429,r:24,s:86&tx=108&ty=90<br />Picture of ocean currents http://destinationofmarvel.blogspot.com/2011/01/ocean-currents-and-salinity.html<br />Information from Garcia, Juan R., Daniel J. Gelo, Linda L. Greennow, James B. Kracht, Deborah Gray White, and Becky Manfredini. The World And Its People. Sliver Burdett Ginn, 1997. Print.<br />

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