Chapter 30: 19th Century Art in Europe and the United States<br />Symbolism, Sculpture, Arts and Crafts, Art Noveau<br />M...
Developments of Late 19th Century<br />Artists continued to build on the foundations laid by the Realists and Impressionis...
What is Symbolism?<br />
Who Were the Symbolists?<br />Inspired heavily by Goya’s black paintings and etchings<br />Inspired also by Gauguin’s work...
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes<br />The Sacred Grove<br />1884oil on canvas2 ft. 11 1/2 in. x 6 ft. 10 in.<br />
Odilon Redon<br />The Cyclops<br />1898oil on canvas2 ft. 1 in. x 1 ft. 8 in.<br />
Gustave Moreau<br />Jupiter and Semele<br />ca. 1875oil on canvas7 ft. x 3 ft. 4 in.<br />
Gustave Moreau<br />Oedipus and the Sphinx<br />1864oil on canvas81 1/4 x 41 1/4 in.<br />
Henri Rousseau<br />The Sleeping Gypsy<br />1897oil on canvas4 ft. 3 in. 6 ft. 7 in.<br />
Sculpture<br />Late 19th Century Art<br />
Jean-BaptisteCarpeaux<br />Ugolino and His Children<br />1865-1867<br />marble6 ft. 5 in. high<br />
Art Nouveau<br />Late 19th Century Art<br />
What is Art Nouveau?<br />Got its name from a decorative art store in Paris, L’Art Nouveau<br />Influenced by Arts and Cra...
Antonio Gaudi<br />Casa Milá<br />Barcelona, Spain<br />1907<br />
Aubrey Beardsley<br />The Peacock Skirt for Oscar Wilde’s Salome<br />1894pen-and-ink illustration<br />
Gustav Klimt<br />Death and Life<br />1908-11oil on canvas<br />70 1/8 x 78 in.<br />
Louis Comfort Tiffany<br />Lotus Table Lamp<br />ca. 1905leaded favrile glass, mosaic and bronze2 ft. 10 1/2 in. high<br />
Architecture<br />Late 19th Century Art<br />
Conclusion<br />Symbolism grows out of the Post Impressionist’s style (Gauguin)<br />Sculpture, via Rodin, starts to move ...
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Chapter 30 19th Century Art In Europe And The United States 5

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  • Auguste RodinGates of HellCommissioned in 1880 for the Museed”Orsay. Features influences from Dante, Baudelaire’s Flowers of Evil poem, and Ghiberti’s Gates of Paradise. Never cast, only plaster cast remains. Features the Thinker in the middle of the lintel. Influenced heavily by Michelangelo and Donatello. Heavily modeled figures in unusual poses.
  • Chapter 30 19th Century Art In Europe And The United States 5

    1. 1. Chapter 30: 19th Century Art in Europe and the United States<br />Symbolism, Sculpture, Arts and Crafts, Art Noveau<br />Magister Ricard<br />AP Art History<br />
    2. 2. Developments of Late 19th Century<br />Artists continued to build on the foundations laid by the Realists and Impressionists<br />Probing the inner mind of art, Post Impressionists established the foundation for Symbolists<br />Sculptors began to stray from copying reality towards exploring the inner essence of life<br />Wealthy patrons were hungry for innovative designs for interior spaces<br />Fin de siècle (end of the century) serves as a transition into Modernism of 20th century<br />
    3. 3. What is Symbolism?<br />
    4. 4. Who Were the Symbolists?<br />Inspired heavily by Goya’s black paintings and etchings<br />Inspired also by Gauguin’s work focused on inner visions<br />Odilon Redon, Gustave Moreau, Henri Rousseau, and Edvard Munch<br />Like the Romantics, opposed values of rationalism and material progress<br />Explored non-material, emotion, imagination, spirituality<br />Accompanied by literature, Freud’s Interpretation of Dreams<br />
    5. 5. Pierre Puvis de Chavannes<br />The Sacred Grove<br />1884oil on canvas2 ft. 11 1/2 in. x 6 ft. 10 in.<br />
    6. 6.
    7. 7. Odilon Redon<br />The Cyclops<br />1898oil on canvas2 ft. 1 in. x 1 ft. 8 in.<br />
    8. 8.
    9. 9. Gustave Moreau<br />Jupiter and Semele<br />ca. 1875oil on canvas7 ft. x 3 ft. 4 in.<br />
    10. 10. Gustave Moreau<br />Oedipus and the Sphinx<br />1864oil on canvas81 1/4 x 41 1/4 in.<br />
    11. 11. Henri Rousseau<br />The Sleeping Gypsy<br />1897oil on canvas4 ft. 3 in. 6 ft. 7 in.<br />
    12. 12.
    13. 13. Sculpture<br />Late 19th Century Art<br />
    14. 14. Jean-BaptisteCarpeaux<br />Ugolino and His Children<br />1865-1867<br />marble6 ft. 5 in. high<br />
    15. 15.
    16. 16.
    17. 17. Art Nouveau<br />Late 19th Century Art<br />
    18. 18. What is Art Nouveau?<br />Got its name from a decorative art store in Paris, L’Art Nouveau<br />Influenced by Arts and Crafts Movement <br />Started in Britain as reaction to Industrial Revolution<br />Features organic designs – artwork that has qualities of organic life – plants, floral patterns, vines<br />
    19. 19.
    20. 20.
    21. 21. Antonio Gaudi<br />Casa Milá<br />Barcelona, Spain<br />1907<br />
    22. 22.
    23. 23. Aubrey Beardsley<br />The Peacock Skirt for Oscar Wilde’s Salome<br />1894pen-and-ink illustration<br />
    24. 24.
    25. 25. Gustav Klimt<br />Death and Life<br />1908-11oil on canvas<br />70 1/8 x 78 in.<br />
    26. 26. Louis Comfort Tiffany<br />Lotus Table Lamp<br />ca. 1905leaded favrile glass, mosaic and bronze2 ft. 10 1/2 in. high<br />
    27. 27. Architecture<br />Late 19th Century Art<br />
    28. 28.
    29. 29.
    30. 30.
    31. 31. Conclusion<br />Symbolism grows out of the Post Impressionist’s style (Gauguin)<br />Sculpture, via Rodin, starts to move away from Neoclassical dogma and into modern convention<br />Arts and Crafts Movement reacts to Industrial Revolution<br />Art Nouveau grows as a continued response against industrialization, return to organic art<br />With new materials comes new architecture, cast iron gives birth to the idea of the skyscraper<br />
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