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Ch 14 ARH
 

Ch 14 ARH

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Based on Chapter 14 of Stokstad's Art History.

Based on Chapter 14 of Stokstad's Art History.

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  • Carpet Page, Lindisfarne Gospels, ca 698-721. HIBERNO-SAXON ART
  • Equestrian could be Charles the Bald – compare to Marcus Aurelius(detail) Equestrian portrait of Charlemagne or Charles the Bald?Metz, Germany, early ninth centurybronze

Ch 14 ARH Ch 14 ARH Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 14: Early Medieval Art of Europe
    Magister Ricard
    Art History
  • Questions to Consider
    Who were the Carolingians and what did they leave behind for Western Europe?
    What cultures inspired the Carolingians?
    Who were the Ottonians and what did they instill in Western European culture?
    How does the Gero Crucifix differ from earlier Christian images of Christ?
  • Art of the Warrior Lords
    Chapter 14: 400-600 AD
  • Art of the Warrior Lords
    The Roman empire dissolved in the West
    The capital had shifted to the eastern city of Constantinople
    The administration was left to various tribes, who began to organize things independently
    Warfare spread during this period, roughly 400-600 AD (sack of Rome was in 476 AD)
    Most art was small, portable, and of fine metals and precious stones and jewels
    Used animal motifs known as animal style
  • Sutton Hoo:Hiberno-Saxon Art
    They laid then the beloved chieftain, giver of rings, on the ship's bosom, glorious by the mast. There were brought many treasures, ornaments from far-off lands. Never have I heard that a vessel was more fairly fitted-out with war-weapons and battle-raiment, swords and coats of mail. On his bosom lay a host of treasures, where were to travel far with him into the power of the flood.“
    -Beowulf
  • Art of the Warrior Lords: Characteristics
    Interlacing: refers to the ribbon-like interweaving found throughout a design
    Cloisonne: refers to the technique which solders small and thin strips of a metal to a background metal plate; gaps are then filled
    Animal Style – repeated use of animal motifs throughout the artwork, usually fighting
  • Hiberno-Saxon Art
    Hiberno = Ireland
    Saxon = England
    Artwork is similar to Art of the Warrior Lords
    Christianity begins to spread (St. Patrick 400’s AD) throughout the British Isles
    Monasteries establish scriptoria
    Books written by hand - manuscripts
    These are illuminated manuscripts – illuminate Christian concepts
  • Carolingian Art
    Chapter 14: 700-900 AD
  • Why Carolingian Art?
    On Christmas day of the year 800, Pope Leo III crowned Charles the Great (Charlemagne) as emperor of Rome (r. 800-814).
    He ruled as king of the Franks since 768.
    Charlemagne came to be seen as the first Holy (that is, Christian) Roman Emperor
    A title his successors in the West did not formally adopt until the twelfth century.
    The setting for Charlemagne’s coronation was Saint Peter’s Basilica in Rome
    Built by Constantine.
    He gave his name (Carolus Magnus in Latin) to an entire era, the Carolingian period.
  • Characteristics of Carolingian Art
    Charlemagne wanted to revive the glory of Rome
    Artwork and architecture reflects imagery of Roman empire
    Charlemagne was fascinated by how past rulers were portrayed publicly
    Equestrian statues convey power
    In uniting most of Western Europe, became an heir to the glory of Rome himself
  • Charlemagne turned to the Church to help stabilize his empire through religion and education. He looked to the Benedictine monks as his “cultural army.”
    Although their principal duties were prayer and liturgical services, monks and nuns spent hours producing books.
    Palace Chapel, Aachen, Germany, 792-805
  • The “Three Floor” Elevation
    clerestory
    gallery
    ambulatory
  • Inside the Medieval Scriptorium
    Workshop for the production of books by monks or nuns
    Found within the complex of a monastery
    Books written on pages of vellum or parchment
    Produced by scribes and illustrators
    Signature on last page, called colophon
  • Carolingian Illuminated Manuscripts
    St. Matthew, CORONATION GOSPELS, (795-819)
    St. Matthew, EBBO GOSPELS,(816-835)
  • Ottonian Art
    Chapter 14: 900-1100 AD
  • Ottonian Europe
    The heirs of Louis the Pious divided the Carolingian Empire into three parts.
    The western portion eventually became France
    The eastern part of the empire, roughly modern Germany, Switzerland and Austria, passed to a dynasty of rulers known as the Ottonians after three principal rulers named Otto.
    Otto I gained control of Italy in 951 and the pope crowned him emperor in 962.
    Thereafter, Otto and his successors dominated the Papacy and appointments to other high offices.
  • Questions to Consider
    Who were the Carolingians and what did they leave behind for Western Europe?
    What cultures inspired the Carolingians?
    Who were the Ottonians and what did they instill in Western European culture?
    How does the Gero Crucifix differ from earlier Christian images of Christ?