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# Constructing Tos

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• Before you begin this Workshop (WS) make a list of some questions you have about constructing a “Table of Specifications” -____________________________________________________________ -____________________________________________________________ -____________________________________________________________ -____________________________________________________________
• Why are these items necessary to construct a TOS? -____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________
• What are the objectives you have included? -____________________________________________________________ -____________________________________________________________ -____________________________________________________________ -____________________________________________________________ Why have you included these objectives? -____________________________________________________________ -____________________________________________________________ -____________________________________________________________ -____________________________________________________________
• Look at the objectives you have listed. Think about how much time you have spent covering each objective. Write down a percentage for each objective. -____________________________________________________________ -____________________________________________________________ -____________________________________________________________ -____________________________________________________________ Next look again at the objectives. What was the learning goal for each objective? How much time was spent on each goal? Again write down a separate percentage for each objective. -____________________________________________________________ -____________________________________________________________ -____________________________________________________________ -____________________________________________________________
• Look at the objectives you have listed. Based on the time spent teaching and learning the objectives, Write down the objectives in the left column. Indicate the percentage in the next column.
• Look at the objectives you have listed. Based on the time spent teaching and learning the objectives, Write down the objectives in the left column. Indicate the percentage in the next column.
• ### Constructing Tos

1. 1. Constructing a “Table of Specifications” (TOS)
2. 2. Resources you will need <ul><li>MOE syllabus guide </li></ul><ul><li>School’s SOW </li></ul>
3. 3. Step 1 – Writing testing objectives <ul><li>Begin each objective with an “action verb” e.g. Identify a force as a push or a pull </li></ul><ul><li>State each objective in terms of student performance </li></ul><ul><li>State only one outcome in each objective </li></ul>
4. 4. Step 2 – Decide on the relative weight of each objective <ul><li>Some considerations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine the amount of time spent teaching and learning each objective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine the classification of the objectives using Bloom’s Taxonomy of learning </li></ul></ul>
5. 5. Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning
6. 6. Step 3a – Completing the TOS <ul><li>Write down the testing objectives and draft weighting </li></ul>
7. 7. Step 3b – Completing the TOS <ul><li>Write down the percentage of each objective spent developing the different education goals. </li></ul>
8. 9. Next session – Putting together a test paper based on a given TOS