The Book is Back The Complementary Relationship Between Digital and Print Technologies Thinking Ahead 2008 March 2008 Salt...
Introduction <ul><li>John Miedema </li></ul><ul><li>IT Specialist, IBM </li></ul><ul><li>Library Student, UWO </li></ul><u...
The “Darkest Hour” of the Book <ul><li>Mid-70’s: the paperless office </li></ul><ul><li>80’s: word processors outsell type...
 
 
We Were Wrong <ul><li>“ Global paper products consumption has tripled over the past three decades, and is expected to grow...
Explanation 1:  It’s Only a Matter of Time <ul><li>Large volume of print to digitize </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul...
Explanation 2: Books Have an Enduring Role <ul><li>The passing of the book is always bemoaned as a  regrettable  event </l...
Explanations for the  Persistence of the Book <ul><li>“ The specifications of the book far exceed those of the computer in...
Explanations for the  Persistence of the Book <ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Fixity </li></ul>...
The Book Is Back <ul><li>When is digital the best format? </li></ul><ul><li>When is print the best format? </li></ul><ul><...
Implications for Libraries <ul><li>Library 2.0 will not “save” libraries </li></ul><ul><li>OCLC Environmental Scan 2005. L...
<ul><li>Topic: e-Books (vs. books, green debate) </li></ul><ul><li>Topic: Slow Reading (literacy in the 21 st  century) </...
Discussion <ul><li>The Book is Back. Too obvious? Or backward thinking? </li></ul><ul><li>What would it take to perfect th...
Focus: e-Books <ul><li>“ Read an e-Book Week”: March 2-8 </li></ul><ul><li>Great for searching, copying </li></ul><ul><li>...
Focus: Slow Reading <ul><li>Fast reading vs. slow reading </li></ul><ul><li>Origins in Humanities, more recently in the Sl...
Focus: The Arc of Technology <ul><li>Promise of AI: Automate information finding </li></ul><ul><li>AI has failed: the fram...
 
Barber, Benjamin. (1996).  Jihad vs. McWorld :  How globalism and tribalism are reshaping the world.  NY: Ballatine.     D...
Sources – 2 Nunberg, Geoffrey. (1996).  Farewell to the information age.  In Geoffrey Nunberg (Ed.),  The future of the bo...
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The Book Is Back - John Miedema - Thinking Ahead 2008

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  • Welcome . This title should draw at least 2 responses 1. Duh, it never left – likely a view from librarians 2. No, the book is done – likely a view from IT, politicians (it’s all on the web, why fund libraries?)
  • The Book Is Back - John Miedema - Thinking Ahead 2008

    1. 1. The Book is Back The Complementary Relationship Between Digital and Print Technologies Thinking Ahead 2008 March 2008 Salt Lake City, Utah
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>John Miedema </li></ul><ul><li>IT Specialist, IBM </li></ul><ul><li>Library Student, UWO </li></ul><ul><li>Slow Reading: research, blog </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http:// johnmiedema .ca </li></ul>
    3. 3. The “Darkest Hour” of the Book <ul><li>Mid-70’s: the paperless office </li></ul><ul><li>80’s: word processors outsell typewriters </li></ul><ul><li>Lancaster: the paperless library </li></ul><ul><li>90’s: personal computer and the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>’ 92: Kurzweil in Library Journal </li></ul>
    4. 6. We Were Wrong <ul><li>“ Global paper products consumption has tripled over the past three decades, and is expected to grow by half again before 2010” - WRI </li></ul>
    5. 7. Explanation 1: It’s Only a Matter of Time <ul><li>Large volume of print to digitize </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Kindle or Sony or … </li></ul><ul><li>Intransigence: millennials </li></ul>
    6. 8. Explanation 2: Books Have an Enduring Role <ul><li>The passing of the book is always bemoaned as a regrettable event </li></ul><ul><li>Why regrettable? </li></ul><ul><li>Nostalgia? </li></ul>
    7. 9. Explanations for the Persistence of the Book <ul><li>“ The specifications of the book far exceed those of the computer in almost every respect. … A book boots instantly; it is random access; it has high contrast and great performance. If it came after the laptop, we would say the book is a great invention” </li></ul><ul><li>Gershenfeld, MIT </li></ul>
    8. 10. Explanations for the Persistence of the Book <ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Fixity </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural importance </li></ul>
    9. 11. The Book Is Back <ul><li>When is digital the best format? </li></ul><ul><li>When is print the best format? </li></ul><ul><li>Searchability and workability vs. readability </li></ul><ul><li>A complementary relationship, not a break: the book is back </li></ul>
    10. 12. Implications for Libraries <ul><li>Library 2.0 will not “save” libraries </li></ul><ul><li>OCLC Environmental Scan 2005. Libraries = books. A solid anchor. </li></ul><ul><li>Librarianship > Library Technology </li></ul>
    11. 13. <ul><li>Topic: e-Books (vs. books, green debate) </li></ul><ul><li>Topic: Slow Reading (literacy in the 21 st century) </li></ul><ul><li>Topic: The Arc of Technology (future of the web and libraries) </li></ul>Focus Topics
    12. 14. Discussion <ul><li>The Book is Back. Too obvious? Or backward thinking? </li></ul><ul><li>What would it take to perfect the e-Book? </li></ul><ul><li>Real issue is not print/books. It’s literacy. Are books better for literacy? </li></ul>
    13. 15. Focus: e-Books <ul><li>“ Read an e-Book Week”: March 2-8 </li></ul><ul><li>Great for searching, copying </li></ul><ul><li>Lousy for reading, licensing </li></ul><ul><li>Debate: environment, preservation, cost </li></ul><ul><li>A better e-Book: digital ink, paper </li></ul><ul><li>Why e-Books can never replace books: fixity </li></ul>
    14. 16. Focus: Slow Reading <ul><li>Fast reading vs. slow reading </li></ul><ul><li>Origins in Humanities, more recently in the Slow Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Locality </li></ul><ul><li>Real issue is literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Schools of Library and Reading Studies </li></ul>
    15. 17. Focus: The Arc of Technology <ul><li>Promise of AI: Automate information finding </li></ul><ul><li>AI has failed: the frame problem has never been solved </li></ul><ul><li>Web has taken a “You” turn – coming back to earth: physical: books, Web 2.0, librarians </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians more vital than ever </li></ul><ul><li>The Semantic Web: Ontology is a manual task </li></ul>
    16. 19. Barber, Benjamin. (1996). Jihad vs. McWorld : How globalism and tribalism are reshaping the world. NY: Ballatine.   De Rosa, C. et al (2005). Perceptions of libraries and information resources: A report to the OCLC membership. Dublin, Ohio: OCLC. Harris, Michael & Hannah, Stan (1993). Librarians confront the post-industrial era. In Into the future: The foundations of library and information services in the post-industrial era (pp.33-58). Norwood, New Jersey: Ablex. Jacobson, J. (1997). The last book. IBM systems journal, 36(3). Retrieved from http://www.research. ibm .com/journal/ sj /363/ jacobson .html . Kurzweil, Raymond (1992). The future of libraries, part 2: The end of books. Library Journal , 117(3) , 140-143. Retrieved from http://www. kurzweilai .net/meme/frame.html?main=/articles/art0261.html . Sources
    17. 20. Sources – 2 Nunberg, Geoffrey. (1996). Farewell to the information age. In Geoffrey Nunberg (Ed.), The future of the book (103-138). Berkeley: University of California Press. Sellen, Abigail J. and Harper, Richard H.R. (2002). The myth of the paperless office . Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT. Wiegand, Wayne A. (1997). Out of Sight, Out of Mind: Why Don't We Have Any Schools of Library and Reading Studies? Journal of Education for Library and Information Science, v38 n4 p314-26 Fall 1997 WRI. Global environmental trends: Production and consumption. Retrieved from: http://www. wri .org/publication/content/8440

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