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Patents: A Low Stress Method

Patents: A Low Stress Method



A short slideshow on patent searching

A short slideshow on patent searching



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    Patents: A Low Stress Method Patents: A Low Stress Method Presentation Transcript

    • Patents: what you need to know John J Meier Science Librarian and who to ask if you don’t know
    • Patents (not Trademarks, not Copyright)
      • A patent for an invention is the grant of a property right to the inventor and to exclude others from “using” the invention
      • A trademark is a word, name, symbol, or device used to indicate the source of a product and to differentiate it from others
      • Copyright is a form of protection provided to the authors of “original works of authorship” and give exclusive rights of reproduction, distribution, and display
    • Patents law = why we can’t answer all patent questions
      • Possible unauthorized practice of law – selecting or filling out forms, speculating on an outcome, interpreting rules as they apply to a specific case
      • Avoid words like “you want to …”, “this does/doesn’t apply to you”, “what that really means is…”
      • Instead steer library users towards resources
        • If they have internet access offer to show them the USPTO website, these include guides for inventors
        • If they have a citation or patent number let them know how they can look it up
      • http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ac/ido/ptdl/ptdlserv.htm
    • “ Easy” questions: patent number and “Hard” questions: name searches
      • Google patents www.google.com/patents
      • USPTO website http://www.uspto.gov/ Click on Patents (left side) then Search
      • CASSIS discs – at the patents computer workstation
      • Example #4022227
      • Numbers work every time
      • Names are tricky because commercial product name may not be mentioned in the patent
      • Also the “name” is constructed based on function.
      • Example: Rockable Animal Simulation Having Rider Seat Means
    • 7-Step U.S. Patent Search Strategy
      • Classification
        • 1. Brainstorm keywords related to the purpose, use and composition of the invention.
        • 2. Look up the words in the Index to the U.S. Patent Classification to find potential class/subclasses.
        • 3. Verify the relevancy of the class/subclasses by using the Classification Schedule in the Manual of Classification .
        • 4. Read the Classification Definitions to verify the scope of the subclasses and note “see also” references.
    • 7-Step U.S. Patent Search Strategy (cont.)
      • Access Full-Text
        • 5. Search the Issued Patents and the Published Applications databases by “Current US Classification” and access full-text patents and published applications.
      • Review and References
        • 6. Review the claims, specifications and drawings of documents retrieved for relevancy.
        • 7. Check all references and note the “U.S. Cl.” and “Field of Search” areas for additional class/subclasses to search.
    • Patent Search Tutorial http://www.libraries.psu.edu/instruction/business/Patents/index.html