Blogging In The United StatesPresentation Transcript
Blogging in the United States A History
Before the Beginning…
The precursors to blogs, the first interactive “communities” using computers
Even before that…
Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
Department of Defense’s packet-swapping inter-computer connections
Forerunner of the internet
Created in 1969 using 24kb of memory total
Made in 1980
The “poor man’s ARPANET”
Much like a modern Forum
Users post “articles” responding to other “articles” to form “threads”
Formed to be a digital bulletin board between Duke University and the University of North Carolina
What it means
The beginning of “internet culture”
Words like FAQ and Spam invented
Anything that you have heard about via the internet that wasn’t something from TV is because of this
Peanut butter jelly time
What this means to blogging
It created the culture necessary for blogging to exist.
The internet was something that only the professionals could do, this changed that
Random people, though still computer savvy, were able to talk to one another semi-anonymously and without just the one-on-one conversations of email
The language of bloggers and the niche of blogging created
Blogging from 1994-2000
Student at Swarthmore College
Personal Blogging for 11 years
In 1993, Dr. Glen Barry started publishing the world's first blog the "Forest Protection Blog"
Created to protect the forests and get his Ph.D.
Early weblogs were simply manually updated components of common websites.
Blog usage spread during 1999 and the years following, being further popularized by
Web Cams were introduced
2001-2004 Although blogs were used before 9/11, after 9/11 is when they really came into use. People flocked to the internet to express their anger and hurt. Widespread use of blogs continues long after 9/11, into the present. 2001:
2002: ~ February - Blogger Heather Armstrong is fired from her job because she discussed it in her blog, called Dooce. ~ August - ‘Dooce’ then becomes a word- to be fired for blogging. ~ December - Gizmodo is started by Nick Denton ~ December - Blogads, the first broker of blog advertising is launched.
2003: ~ June - Google launches AdSense. ~ July - MySpace is created. ~ August - Advertisements on blogs become widespread. ~ August - TypePad launches. ~ September - Jason Calacanis creates Weblogs, Inc. which eventually has 90 blogs.
2004: ~ December - MSN Spaces starts, which combines MSN messenger and Hotmail services. ~ December - Merriam-Webster calls ‘blog’ word of the year.
Blogging from 2004 to Present
Political Candidates began using blogs as a way to spread their campaign
Natural Disasters and Blogs
Tsunami – December 2004
Hurricane Katrina – August 2005
Blogs and the News
2004 – Columbia Journalism Review began to regularly cover blogs
September 8, 2004 - “Rathergate” Scandal
December 2004: “Blog” is declared “word of the year” by Merriam-Webster
January 2005: A study found that 32 million Americans read blogs
2005: About $100 million of blog ads are sold this year
2007: A Blogger’s Code of Conduct 1. Take responsibility not just for your own words, but for the comments you allow on your blog. 2. Label your tolerance level for abusive comments. 3. Consider eliminating anonymous comments. 4. Ignore the trolls. 5. Take the conversation offline, and talk directly, or find an intermediary who can do so. 6. If you know someone who is behaving badly, tell them so. 7. Don't say anything online that you wouldn't say in person.