• Like
Integrated Procedures for Flight and Ground Operations Using International Standards
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Integrated Procedures for Flight and Ground Operations Using International Standards

  • 597 views
Published

2011 International Astronautical Congress (IAC) presentation: …

2011 International Astronautical Congress (IAC) presentation:

Imagine astronauts using the same Interactive Electronic Technical Manuals (IETM's) as the ground personnel who assemble or maintain their flight hardware, and having all of that data interoperable with design, logistics, reliability analysis, and training. Modern international standards and their corresponding COTS tools already used in other industries provide a good foundation for streamlined technical publications in the space industry. These standards cover everything from data exchange to product breakdown structure to business rules flexibility. Full Product Lifecycle Support (PLCS) is supported. The concept is to organize, build once, reuse many ways, and integrate. This should apply to all future and some current launch vehicles, payloads, space stations/habitats, spacecraft, facilities, support equipment, and retrieval ships.

Published in Technology , Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
597
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
6
Comments
1
Likes
1

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. John Ingalls Oct 3, 2011 2011 International Astronautical Congress Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 2. • John Ingalls, United Space Alliance, LLC (USA) – Senior Engineer, Launch & Recovery Systems – S1000D USSMG (U.S. Specification Maintenance Group)  International Specification for Technical Publications – AIA’s SSFA (Strategic Standardization Forum for Aerospace) – AIAA Senior Member • About USA – Joint venture, Boeing and Lockheed-Martin – Numerous services and products for space and defense – John is from the Florida division at NASA Kennedy Space Center 2011 International Astronautical Congress Page 1 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 3. • Introduction • Ground Processing Technical Publications • On-Orbit Technical Publications – Shuttle • On-Orbit Technical Publications – ISS • Optimization Via S1000D Standard • S1000D – Space Industry Opportunities • Integration Via Global Standards Suite • Conclusion 2011 International Astronautical Congress Page 2 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 4. Organization of Technical Data is Key to Efficiency & Safety According to 2006 study of information/knowledge workers’ time spent: 48 % – searching (9.5 hours/week) & analyzing (9.6 hours/week) information. 3.5 hours/week – in unproductive searches (info not found). 3 hours/week – recreating content that already exists. • Technical Data – Part of Integrated Logistics / Product Support (ILS / IPS) • Technical Publications (“Tech Pubs”) – Procedures and manuals – Paper-based and non-interactive electronic documents – Interactive Electronic Technical Manuals/Publications (IETM / IETP) – Database-oriented paperless procedures • Space Industry Tech Pubs – Used in ground processing – Used in-flight / on-orbit – Often unique types/sets for each program, mission, element – Finding correct information quickly can be a safety issue 2011 International Astronautical Congress Page 3 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 5. • Ground Processing – Flight Hardware, Equipment, & Facilities – “Manufacturing” assembly operations (-not part fabrication) – Integration and test – In-process maintenance and repair – Launch operations – Reusable / returnable vehicles also include post-flight activities:  Landing and recovery  Inspection, refurbishment, maintenance  Overhaul, modification, reconfiguration Design Fabricate Assemble / Integrate Operate (launch & on-orbit) Ground Processing In-flight, On-orbit Land / Recover Maintain / Turnaround Dispose Ground Processing • Each Facet Often Has Different Technical Publication Types/Sets 2011 International Astronautical Congress Page 4 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 6. • Space Shuttle “Tech Pubs” for Astronauts – Used for missions operations by astronauts and ground controllers – Flight Data Files (FDF)  100% paper manuals/procedures for whole Shuttle program – Other special procedure types used:  Cuff checklists for EVA (spacewalk), on special paper  Large collection of cue cards, on cardstock  Pocket checklists: 5-min time critical procedures, small size – Shuttle cockpit “resembles a library” (click for video) 2011 International Astronautical Congress Page 5 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 7. • International Space Station (ISS) “Tech Pubs” for Astronauts – Used to operate, maintain, resupply, including training • ODF = Operations Data File – Procedures to operate and maintain ISS systems, payloads, ATV/HTV’s – Used by ground controllers, on-board crew, & on-orbit executor software • IPV (International Procedure Viewer) – IETM (Interactive Electronic Technical Manual) of ODF’s & other data – Used by International Partners (IP) – Author ODFs in Word, convert to XML – Uses custom XML schema for ODFs Major Features: – XML viewer – Interaction (links, data collection) – Parameters (Applicability) custom views – XML tags can enable other applications  e.g. – stowage database – Favorite: Step marker, for placeholder and quick direct scroll to next step 2011 International Astronautical Congress Page 6 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 8. • Flight Software Command & Control – Read commands in IPV, execute on separate flight software display – European Space Agency (ESA) developed an integration of IPV / Flight software ODFs with flight software window  Flight software station has 2 windows in one display Matching – ODF step activates a flight display on same screen command – Execution is a separate click – IPV could directly execute, but does not due to safety concerns – ESA is evaluating voice-activated commands ODF window ODF command step 2011 International Astronautical Congress Page 7 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 9. • S1000D—the Next Generation in Tech Pubs – 1985 European specification now global, via ASD, AIA, & ATA – Designed for air, land & sea vehicles & equipment—open to more – Examples of industry use:  Boeing 787, Global Hawk, AMRAAM missile, CH148 Cyclone helicopter, EMALS/AAG systems on CVN78 ship • S1000D Powerful Features – Based on International Standards (W3C, ATA, ISO) – Electronic Publications (IETM/IETP) – Standard Numbering System (SNS) Product Breakdown Structure – Modularity for Reusability / Repurposing – Common Source Database (CSDB) – Illustrations, Hotspotting, Multimedia, and CAD – Applicability—Structured Configuration Varieties – Business Rules Exchange (BREX) – XML industry standard – interoperable with other applications 2011 International Astronautical Congress Page 8 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 10. • SNS Structure in the S1000D Data Module Code (DMC) • Variable Character Length: min. 17 to max. 41 (gray X is optional) Hardware / System Identification Information Type Learn Type MI: Model Identification SDC: System Difference Code SNS: Standard Numbering System DC/DCV: Disassembly Code/Variant IC/ICV: Information Code/Variant ILC: Item Location Code (Opt.) LC/LEC: Learn / Learn Event Code Product/project Id. alt. versions of sys’s in SNS Sys-Subsy-Unit • Initial XX-X is set by MICC Further breakdown for maintenance Type of Info: IC=3 char. 0xx–Function, data, descrip. 1xx–Operation 2xx–Servicing 3xx–Exam / test 4xx–Fault isolate 5xx–Disconnect / remove 6xx–Repair / make 7xx–Assy / instl 8xx–Storage 9xx–Misc Situation/place applicable to the info LC=3 char. Hxx –Human performance technology Txx –Training Examples: • 1F22B=F-22 B • DC9=Boe. DC-9 • Mi38=Mil Mi-38 Helicop.(Russia) • JJ=Saab GSE • AA=Apache missile (France) • PW1000G=P&W engine series • GalULS=Galileo uplink station (Opt.) MICC: Materiel Item Category Code DC=2 char. DCV=1-3 char. SNS code set: A –Generic B –Supt/train eqpt. C –Ordnance D –General comm. E –Air vehicle F –Missile G –Surface vehicle H –Sea vehicle A –Installed B –Installed on a removed major assy C –On bench D –Combo of A, B, & C T –Training info only if no LC Z –Generic LEC=1 char. A –Learn plan B –Learn overview C –Learn content D –Learn summary E –Learn assessment ICV =1 char. XXXXXXXXXXXXXX -XXXX-X XX-XX-XXXX -XXXXX 2011 International Astronautical Congress -XXXX -X Page 9 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 11. • S1000D Known Space Use – (U.S.) SpaceLift Range System, (Germany) DLR’s Galileo satellite ground station, (Italy) ESO’s space telescope • S1000D Opportunities – Applicable to any space product: flight hardware, equipment, facilities – Example DMC / SNS product breakdown structures, if S1000D is used: MI: Model Identification SDC: System Difference Code (Opt.) MICC: Materiel Item Category Code SNS: Standard Numbering System DC/DCV: Disassembly Code/Variant Product/project Id. alt. versions of sys’s in SNS SNS code set: A –Generic B –Supt/train eqpt. E –Aerosp vehicle F –Missile/rocket H –Sea vehicle S –Space station Sys-Subsy-Unit • Initial XX-X is set by MICC 24 Vehicle Elec. Power -30 DC Generation 74 Engine Ignition -10 Elec. Power Supply Further breakdown for maintenance Potential Examples: • AtlasV5=Atlas V 500 Series • X37=X37 Orbital Test Vehicle • DC1=Dream Chaser 001 • RD180=RD-180 Engine ATLASV500XXXXX -501X -F 24-30-00XX -000XX -…-… X37BXXXXXXXXXX -OTV1-E 24-30-00XX -000XX -…-… RD180XXXXXXXXX -0XXX -F 74-10-00XX -000XX -…-… 2011 International Astronautical Congress Page 10 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 12. • S-series Specifications (Companions to S1000D) – Jointly managed by Europe’s ASD & America’s AIA – ILS (Integrated Logistics Support)/IPS (Integrated Product Support) – Goal: lifecycle interoperability, from design through sustainment Operational & Maintenance Data Feedback – Functional Coverage by S5000F Feedback Data Optimize by data feedback Design of Systems and Support Equipment Ops Data Provisioning Data Logistics Support Analysis • Equipment Identification LSA data Provisioning IN IP Data Subsets • Design Data S3000L Design Data Scheduled Maintenance Analysis Design Data 2011 International Astronautical Congress Order Admin. Log. Materiel & Data S2000M SERVICE USE LSA tasks / data S1000D Tech docs, IETM, other media Technical Data Feedback Publication Data Page 11 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 13. • Optimal Efficiencies with IT Integration to Enable Interoperability • PLCS (Product LifeCycle Support) ISO 10303-239 Standard CSDB Materiel management DEX3A&D DEX1A&D DEX3A&D PLCS (ILS) Repository DEX1A&D DEX2A&D DEX2A&D DEX7A&D DEX9A&D PDM 2011 International Astronautical Congress Page 12 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 14. • Efficiency Requires Well-Organized Technical Data • Non-Space Industry Standards Provide Optimized Solutions – Ground processing and flight/mission operations can benefit – Standard interfaces with design data are available – S1000D for tech pubs: Emerging global standard; some space use – S-Series global specifications provide ILS/IPS functionality – PLCS standard integrates S-series for optimized interoperability • Recommend S-series + PLCS Standards • Space Industry Opportunities – Recommend to expand current ILS/IPS standards efforts – Utilize S-series/PLCS for new and some existing space products – Join working groups of standards organizations (S-series, PLCS) 2011 International Astronautical Congress Page 13 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 15. “The heart of the prudent acquires knowledge, And the ear of the wise seeks knowledge.” Proverb QUESTIONS? 2011 International Astronautical Congress Page 14 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 16. • Acknowledgements – Michael Hurt, United Space Alliance, LLC, ISS SODF Manager • References – “The Hidden Costs of Information Work”, a 2006 IDC (International Data Corporation) study of information/knowledge workers in financial services, government, manufacturing and healthcare organizations in the U.S. is quoted in numerous articles, including those listed here and used for this paper. URLs: Used citations at http://h41320.www4.hp.com/ipge/pdf/Spotlight_on_costs_3.pdf , http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb887531.aspx , http://www.tribridge.com/Libraries/White_Papers/WP-EnterpriseSearchMicrosoft.sflb.ashx , and http://www.opentext.com/2/global/press-release-details.html?id=2203 [cited Sep. 6, 2011]. – Martignano, Wolff, Brauer, & Kiernan, “Software assisted authoring and viewing of ISS crew procedures”, Acta Astronautica 61 (2007), Science Direct, [Viewed online Sep 23, 2011], URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0094576507001245 . – Plaßmeier, F., “LAPAP MK II, The Next Generation Crew Interface for Columbus”, EADS Astrium, 2006-0627, URL: http://e-columbus.de/projects/lapap/download/index.html . – Shuttle cockpit photo, courtesy of NASA, URL: http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/images/shuttle/sts114/html/jsc2005e08935.html . 2011 International Astronautical Congress Page 15 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 17. BACKUP CHARTS 2011 International Astronautical Congress Page 16 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.
  • 18. • S-series Specifications International Specification for Technical Publications International Specification for Materiel Management International Procedure Specification for Logistic Support Analysis (LSA) International Procedural Handbook for Developing Scheduled Maintenance Programs (-scheduled to release in 2011) International Application Handbook for Operational and Maintenance Data Feedback (-developing to release in 2012) • Companion Standards to S1000D ASD STE 100: Simplified Technical English, International Specification SCORM (Shareable Content Object Reference Model), a standard for web-based e-learning • All Can Integrate Via The PLCS Interoperability Standard ISO 10303-239 Product Life Cycle Support (PLCS) —part of 10303 STEP standard (-203=3D config, -233=Sys engr data) 2011 International Astronautical Congress Page 17 Copyright © 2011 by United Space Alliance, LLC. These materials are sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contracts NAS9-20000 (SPOC), NNJ09HA15C (IMOC), and BBM005CH9 (FDOC). The U.S. Government retains a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in such materials to reproduce, prepare, derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the U.S. Government. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.