Published on

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. Welcome to RJR Training’s Carry a Concealed Weapon (CCW) Course This course was written and developed by RJR Training and is not to be copied or used without the permission of RJR Training.
  2. 2. Welcome <ul><li>Registration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be sure we have your registration form along with full payment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Please sign our release of liability </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Welcome <ul><li>No live ammunition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep in vehicle until the range </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No handguns until we ask for them </li></ul><ul><li>10 minute breaks will occur approximately every hour </li></ul><ul><li>Bathroom is behind the building. Please use it whenever you need to. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Welcome <ul><li>Students must pass the DOJ written test, as well as the RJR written exam. </li></ul><ul><li>Students must also pass the firearms qualification for each handgun to get course diploma </li></ul>
  5. 5. Introduction RJR Training Course Overview <ul><li>Who is RJR Training? </li></ul><ul><li>What does RJR Training offer? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Introduction RJR Training Course Overview <ul><li>Department of Justice Handgun Safety Certificates are also available from RJR Training for $25. These are required to purchase a handgun in the State of California. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety
  8. 8. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><li>Handout: “Five Levels of Competence” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intentionally Incompetent (II) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There are people who own and even carry firearms that even know that they are incompetent when it comes to their training </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Too lazy to train </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do not want others to know they are incompetent </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><ul><li>Unconsciously Incompetent (UI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>95% of all gun owners including those who carry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Includes Law Enforcement and Military </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Doesn’t know they are incompetent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of the UI include: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The officer who only practices shooting in order to qualify for his mandatory range qualifications </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The CCW permit holder who buys a gun and a box of ammo…fires a few shots at the range to qualify on his new gun and then puts the gun away feeling confident he can use it effectively to protect himself and his loved ones </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The hunter who shoots once a year during hunting season. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually the UI learns that he/she is UI too late. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><ul><li>Consciously Incompetent (CI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When the UI finally realizes that he is incompetent either through a near death deadly force attack or through other means he/she become a CI. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seeks help in learning the proper skills in the use of his weapon or weapons. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Becomes a motivated student of weaponcraft. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Although still incompetent he is doing something about it. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><ul><li>Consciously Competent (CC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The CI becomes CC with proper training </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The length of time to become CC is based on the level of training the student acquires </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CC is able to: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Manipulate his weapon and clear malfunctions in a safe and efficient manner </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understands the use of cover </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understands principles of marksmanship, shot placement, and ammunition management </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has adopted the combat mindset </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><ul><li>Unconsciously Competent (UC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The UC is so programmed (muscle memory) from thousands of repetitions in training. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If the UC faces a lethal threat he can without hesitation: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Present his weapon </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Place two shots to chest </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If malfunction he reflexively taps the magazine, rack-flips the action, and hammers two rounds into adversary’s chest without consciously recognizing that his gun even malfunctioned. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Does his after action drills </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reholsters </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reacts in a fraction of a second with consistent responses. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><li>Which one are you? </li></ul><ul><li>Which one do you want to be? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><li>Six Gun Safety Rules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treat all guns as if they are loaded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep the gun pointed in the safest possible direction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to shoot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know your target, it’s surroundings and beyond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know how to properly operate your gun. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Store your gun safely and securely to prevent unauthorized use. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guns and Ammo should be stored separately. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><li>Handguns & Children </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As a gun owner, you are responsible for it’s safety and the safety of those (including children) around it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You cannot be too careful when it comes to children and guns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You should always store all guns unloaded and lock them with a firearms safety device and store them in a locked container. Store your ammunition separately. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><ul><li>Talk to your children about your guns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They are naturally curious and are attracted to the forbidden </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remove the mystery in their minds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instill a mind set of safety and responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remember that actions speak louder than words. Teaching safety but not acting it out usually will undermine your good advice about safety. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><ul><li>Rules for Kids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>STOP – If they find or see a gun they should immediately stop what they are doing. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DON’T TOUCH! – Their naturally inclination will be to pick it up and bring it to an adult. A child needs to know not to do that. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LEAVE THE AREA – They should immediately leave the area where the gun is. This includes never taking a gun away from another child or trying to stop someone from using the gun. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TELL AN ADULT – As the child leaves the immediate area, they should tell the first adult they find. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><li>Three major parts of every pistol </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Term: frame </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Backbone of the pistol to which the other parts are attached </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Term: barrel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Metal tube through which the bullet passes on the way to the target </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Term: action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Group of moving parts used to load, fire, and unload the pistol </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><li>Revolver: Frame Parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grip panels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backstrap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trigger guard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rear sight </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><li>Revolver Barrel Parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rifling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muzzle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Front sight </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><li>Revolver Action Parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trigger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hammer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cylinder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chamber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cylinder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>release latch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loading Gate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(on single actions) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ejector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ejector rod </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(on single actions) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Automatic Frame Parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Manual) safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slide stop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(or “slide lock”) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decocking lever </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(sometimes) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grip panels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backstrap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(with tang at the top) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trigger guard </li></ul></ul>Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety
  23. 23. <ul><li>Automatic Barrel Parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chamber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rifling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muzzle </li></ul></ul>Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety
  24. 24. <ul><li>Automatic Action Parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hammer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Front Sight </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rear Sight </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ejection port </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magazine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(in the magazine well) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magazine release </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trigger </li></ul></ul>Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety
  25. 25. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><li>Ammunition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is EXTREMELY important to choose the correct ammunition for your gun. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some ammo may fit into your magazine or chamber but when it goes boom….it really goes BOOM! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you have multiple calibers be sure to keep and store your different ammunition separately. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Double check these three places to verify you are using the correct ammo. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The barrel of the gun </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The box of ammunition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The base of the cartridge </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><li>Maintenance is extremely important especially for your carry gun(s). Your life may depend on how well you clean and maintain your weapon. You do not want it to malfunction in a lethal force attack. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Always keep lubricant on it to prevent rust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a cleaning schedule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ie: Every other time it is shot it is cleaned. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Still needs to be cleaned even if it has not been shot, but has been carried. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><ul><li>Storage Devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Storing your pistol </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biometric safes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gunlocks </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure it is stored in a Safe dry place, out of reach of any unauthorized persons. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><li>Important Aspects of Handgun Ownership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Know your handgun and how it works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enroll in training with your gun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-RJR Training courses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Private instruction, Defensive Handgun, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean your gun after each time shooting it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Store your gun safely </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Lesson 1 Handgun Basics & Safety <ul><li>Handgun Safety Certificate Exam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30 questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need at least 23 of 30 correct to pass </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>End of Lesson 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Handgun Basics & Safety </li></ul>
  31. 31. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><li>Handout: “Moral & Ethical Decisions on the Use of Deadly Force” </li></ul><ul><li>Definitions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moral : “What is right or wrong for you” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethical : “What is right or wrong as defined by the collectives” </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><li>Issues regarding the use of deadly force are guided by laws (courts) and our personal decisions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As long as our decisions conform to the law there are few problems. If not, we will have big problems in the form of legal and civil liability. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Because RJR Training is not likely to be present when these decision are made, we will not be able to give “hard and fast” “shoot or don’t shoot” advice. However we will give you some guidelines to consider prior to that moment that may or may not occur. </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><li>Let’s talk about thinking these things out beforehand: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We will not have time to analyze the criteria for shoot / don’t shoot at that time. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More basic than that “Are you capable of shooting an attacker? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When the line has been crossed, don’t re-analyze. SHOOT! You need to start thinking about those decisions and what will initiate a lethal reaction from you NOW! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><li>Why Now? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You may be faced with a situation that requires a use of deadly force on your way home from picking up your CCW. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maybe in a convenience store </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In your orchard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Or in your back yard late at night </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><li>It’s as simple as this: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No matter how high quality or caliber your gun is…. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No matter how high you score on the RJR/CCW test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you have not thoroughly considered under what set of circumstances you would present your handgun and discharge it into a lethal threat , you should put that handgun away in a gun safe until you have made that decision. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Without that pre-thought you will likely get killed or be involved in a shooting that was not justified . </li></ul></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><li>So is that just paranoia? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NO! It is preparation. Preparing for something you hope will never occur…but being ready if it does. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is it probable? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistically no . But if you are that one in ten thousand that is the exception to the statistic, you don’t really care about the others. You want to live… and you want your family to live and survive. </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><li>The point is that if you are not willing and able to confront the fact that today, might be the day…that someone by chance or design may attempt to take your life or the life of a loved one, then how do you expect to make the right decision regarding the use of deadly force? </li></ul>
  38. 38. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><li>If you can say yes to the previous statement, you have made the first and most important decision towards using a weapon to defend yourself & family or others. If not, please consider whether a CCW is right for you. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><li>Other reasons for making the decision to use deadly force in advance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The shock and surprise of unprovoked attack or violence may affect your ability to reason out your decisions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“I couldn’t believe it was happening to me.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“I saw the gun, but could not believe he was pointing it at me” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  40. 40. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><li>Ethical Considerations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If I ask you to take out a $100 bill and bet that $100 bill with me under the following rules: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If I win the bet – I get your $100 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you win the bet – you can keep your $100 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not a very good bet for you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There is no potential to gain anything beyond what you already have. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  41. 41. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><ul><li>That is the same as a gun fight. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You risk everything you have and you don’t win anything. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You just keep what you have </li></ul></ul></ul>
  42. 42. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><ul><li>Let’s discuss a few scenarios. You tell me when you would shoot and we will discuss the decision. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You catch someone breaking into your car and he’s stealing your wallet. Do you shoot? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  43. 43. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><ul><ul><li>Add to that scenario that he is also attempting to start up your car and is probably going to steal it. Do you shoot? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Now he sees you coming and pulls out a knife and tells you “stay away or I’ll kill you.” Do you shoot? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Substitute the knife with a gun. Do you shoot? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  44. 44. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><ul><li>What is the difference between a law enforcement officer and a CCW holder? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Police officers are sworn to protect the public if they observe a violent crime in their presence. But a CCW holder may use deadly force to protect the life of another, if in fact their life was in danger. He is not required to do so. (Ethical Decision) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A police officer has many legal and societal protections that a CCW holder does not have if he or she is involved in a shooting. Especially if the family of the assailant feels they have suffered a loss and you might have something to give up. Of course that is providing that your shot was accurate enough to eliminate the assailant. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  45. 45. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><ul><li>Another Scenario </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Your walking down the street (armed) and a young, hooded, druggy looking youth steps out in front of you and demands your wallet. Do you shoot? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  46. 46. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><ul><ul><li>Add to that scenario that the same youth produces a knife in a threatening manner. Do you shoot? Can you shoot? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>While attempting to disengage this youth you discover he has two friends behind you, thus eliminating your opportunity to escape. Do you talk or shoot? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  47. 47. Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations <ul><ul><li>Can you think of a situation where you could ethically & legally shoot but may choose to hold fire? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What if you shoot a home invader that was dressed in a long top coat wielding a shotgun? After the police shows up you find out that he has been wanted by the police? How would you feel? You hear their excitement so you are also elated right? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In the same scenario you shoot him and after the police show up you find out it’s the kid from next door. How would you feel then? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both are justified shootings and both are ethically still ok. But how are you going to feel? </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. End of Lesson 2 Moral & Ethical Considerations
  49. 49. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><li>“Use of Deadly Force” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When is it universally justifiable to use deadly force? </li></ul></ul>
  50. 50. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>You are justified in the necessary use of deadly force when there is “reasonable” fear of “immediate” or otherwise “unavoidable” danger of “death or serious bodily injury,” to the “innocent.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All of these factors must be present in order to justifiably use deadly force. Lacking any one or more of these key factors will result in a questionable use of deadly force and you will face the criminal and civil consequences. </li></ul></ul>
  51. 51. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>Keywords: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Necessary : Absolutely essential to achieve a certain result or effect. Unavoidably determined by prior conditions or circumstances. Inevitable. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reasonable : That which a sensible person (or 12 of your peers) with the same information and facing the same circumstances as you would recognize as rational and normal, fair or moderate…not extreme. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  52. 52. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate : Right Now! Lacking an intervening object, peace, time or agent. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate vs Imminent: There is a difference. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Imminent is defined as “getting ready to take place.” Immediate is “taking place now.” Using deadly force when in imminent danger is not universally accepted as justification. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unavoidable : If you can break contact with your assailant and avoid lethal confrontation, by freeing or “retreating to cover,” you must. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  53. 53. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><ul><li>Death – Loss of life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Serious Bodily Injury – Any injury that cripples; permanently disfigures, or could cause death within minutes, hours, days, or months. Cuts, broken bones, and internal injuries to the vital organs and brain are considered bodily injury. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Temporary cosmetic injuries such as black eyes, swollen lips, abrasions, surface bruises are not considered serious bodily injury. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  54. 54. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><ul><li>Innocent : Free from guilt or fault. Harmless in effect or intention. You or the person(s) you are defending must be free of fault, instigation or escalation to the immediate and otherwise unavoidable danger of death or serious bodily injury. You cannot start or condone a fight, then use deadly force and claim self defense. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: A woman is fighting off a man by a car in the parking lot. He has a tire iron in his hand. What do you do? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  55. 55. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You find out she had car jacked him with a gun, and he was trying to get his child out of the back seat. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>What would you have done? </li></ul><ul><li>What should you have done? </li></ul>
  56. 56. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><li>When do you know that you are in reasonable fear of immediate and otherwise unavoidable danger or death or serious bodily injury? </li></ul>
  57. 57. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><li>You know when your assailant has the Ability, Opportunity , and Intent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keywords: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ability : Your assailant possesses the physical power to kill, cripple, or permanently disfigure through the use of physical strength, unarmed fighting skills, blunt weapons, edges weapons, or firearms. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunity : Your assailant is capable of immediately inflicting injury by striking you at arms length with bare hands, conversational distances with blunt or edged weapons, or any range with a firearm. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intent : Your assailant is acting or speaking in a manner, that any reasonable and sensible person would assume indicates your assailant’s intention to kill, cripple, or permanently disfigure you. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  58. 58. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>It must appear to witnesses on the scene and you must believe that your assailant has the intent, the opportunity, and the ability to immediately inflict serious injury or kill you if you do not use deadly force to prevent it. </li></ul></ul>
  59. 59. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><li>How close is too close? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A man by the name of Mike Waidelich designed a study which measured the amount of time the “average” man can present his weapon from the holster or the “Ready” position and fire a single shot to the center of mass of a humanoid target and compared it to the distance a man armed with a contact weapon could run and inflict a fatal wound. </li></ul></ul>
  60. 60. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>The time is 1.5 second. In that 1.5 seconds, the “average” man can travel 21 feet. Therefore, when facing an opponent armed with a contact weapon, 7 to 10 yards away, with nothing intervening between you and the weapon, you are in immediate danger death or serious bodily injury. Dennis Tueller later wrote an article on Mike Waidelich’s study which appear in SWAT magazine, 1983 and the study become known as the Tueller Drill. </li></ul></ul>
  61. 61. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><li>When is the use of lethal force justified against an unarmed assailant? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lethal force against and unarmed assailant is justified when there exists a Disparity of Force . </li></ul></ul>
  62. 62. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of Disparity of Force : </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Large man against a small man </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Able bodied man against disabled man. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Man against women </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Two or more men against one man </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Two or more juveniles against one man or one woman. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Man or woman known to have training in the martial arts against untrained man or woman. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  63. 63. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><li>When should I present my weapon and when should I shoot? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You should present your weapon when faced with an armed assailant or when an unarmed assailant(s) presents a disparity of force and you have a reasonable fear of immediate or otherwise unavoidable danger of death or serious bodily injury to the innocent . </li></ul></ul>
  64. 64. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>If your assailant’s attack is not already in progress, you should present your weapon to the “Ready” position and shout “ Stop or I will shoot!” If your assailant continues to advance toward you, not only are you justified in shooting, you now must shoot to stop your assailant or your assailant will access your weapon and harm you and others around you. </li></ul></ul>
  65. 65. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>If your assailant’s attack is in progress, you should present your weapon to the center of mass of your assailant and shoot to stop his attack. You are not shooting to kill, although in stopping your assailant’s attack with well placed shots to his torso, he may die. </li></ul></ul>
  66. 66. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>It must also be understood that when the threat of serious injury or death ends, any further use of deadly force will be considered unnecessary. Having present your weapon to use deadly force against your attacker, if he either abandons his attack on y our or is rendered incapable of completing his attack, the right to use deadly force ends and any continued use of force cannot be justified as self-defense. You are shooting to stop the attack and once the attack is stopped, your shooting stops. At the point where the attack ends, excessive use of force begins. </li></ul></ul>
  67. 67. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><li>What is Escalation of Force? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Escalation of Force occurs when one, apparently unarmed individual in a confrontation with another, apparently unarmed individual produces a weapon and escalates the conflict and required force to end it. </li></ul></ul>
  68. 68. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>You should not present your weapon unless your assailant has the Ability, Opportunity, and Intent to kill or inflict serious bodily injury. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A shouting match or fist fight where you are not in immediate and unavoidable danger of death or serious bodily injury, becomes a lethal confrontation if you present your weapon and now your opponent presents his. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You may be found to be guilty of escalating the force and thereby lose your innocence in the fault or cause of the lethal conflict. </li></ul></ul>
  69. 69. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><li>What about Retreat? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Again, in order to justify the use of deadly force, you must show that is was necessary in that there was no alternative and that no lesser degree of force was likely to succeed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you can retreat was it necessary to use deadly force? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In some jurisdictions, retreat is required. In those jurisdictions, if you do not retreat until you can retreat no more, then you are not justified in using deadly force. In other jurisdictions retreat is not required. </li></ul></ul>
  70. 70. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>In the universally accepted use of deadly force, retreat is a good idea and should be done if it is a viable alternative and does not place you or those around you in greater danger. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regardless of the jurisdiction, retreat establishes that you did everything possible to avoid the danger before it became necessary to shoot. </li></ul></ul>
  71. 71. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><li>Problem 1 is surviving the lethal force attack. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Without the success of problem 1, there is NO problem 2 or 3. </li></ul></ul>
  72. 72. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><li>Problems 2 & 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem 2 – What will you feel following a gunfight? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This will vary from person to person, depending on type of encounter, circumstance, & viciousness of your assailant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elation – “I survived! The equipment worked! My training paid off! I’m glad to be alive.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  73. 73. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>Regret – Usually arises about the time the police arrive. The reality of criminal and civil problems now set in. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You regret the assailant attacked you </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You regret you had to shoot him and were forced to take a human life. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You regret the civil and criminal possibilities you now face. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You regret the way some people may now view you. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  74. 74. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>Some may find that regret gives way to anger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anger at the attacker for making all this happen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anger that he chose you to attack </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You must control the anger. It is very important to not appear angry to the police. You just fought off an attack on your life. You were fearful of losing your life. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The proper emotion to show when police arrive is FEAR . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anger and rage result in HEAT </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fear results in COLD </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  75. 75. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>IMPORTANT – First thing to ask a police officer for is a jacket or blanket no matter the temperature. A good attorney can use that to show fear. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even in fear and panic, you may do and say things that you can regret. Keep quiet and gather your thoughts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The entire range from elation to panic can take place in a matter of minutes. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Your knowledge and ability to remain in control could set the stage for how the entire situation is going to be viewed by the authorities. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  76. 76. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>What should I do following a shooting? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secure the area of additional threats </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ONLY after area is secure, call the police to report that you just shot an assailant, who was trying to kill you . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This call will be on tape & it will be played for a jury of 12 if a trial ensues. Make sure it plays the way it went down. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Your life was in danger </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You shot to stop the threat, not to kill anyone </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  77. 77. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>Your report should sound like this: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“Hello 911…this is ______ I want to report that I just shot an assailant who attempted to kill me with (weapon) Please send the police and an ambulance . If he lives I want to press charges against him for attempted murder. I am at (exact location) and I am a (give detailed description) wearing (detailed description) and I am holding a (give description of firearm). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t forget you are cold. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do not attempt first aid to assailant. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  78. 78. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>Should I give a statement to the police on the scene? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The only value to giving a statement on the scene would be to prevent your arrest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Police will need your statement, however witness statements are equally or more important </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When asked for a statement ask the officer, “Officer, have you interviewed all the witnesses yet?” This gives you time to gather your thoughts and read the officers attitude. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  79. 79. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><ul><li>Some departments will not allow officers to leave you on the scene. You must be taken in. If so, wait on the statement. Invoke your right to remain silent. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If officer indicates he does not intend to charge you with a crime, feel free to give a brief statement. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If arrested, the district attorney has 48 hours to charge or release you. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If arrested, when allowed a call, call a friend, family member, or influential member of community and request they call police station to have you released. DO NOT make a statement until you have your attorney present. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  80. 80. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>Choosing an attorney </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do NOT choose one out of the yellow pages. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pick one who is former law enforcement or prosecutor with ties to community. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If charged, speak with your attorney regarding: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Best time to file a civil case against assailant or his family to recover financial costs of defense or damages from trauma. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  81. 81. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><li>Problem 3 – Civil Liability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Even if shooting is justified you may face the grieving family of your assailant who more than likely will see you as deep pockets. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In order for an attorney to file a civil action he must see 3 things: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Damages – The dead or injured assailant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liability – You pulled the trigger </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Money – Your house, savings, business, retirement. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of these attorneys work on a contingency. A percentage of what they recover. Most homeowners and liability policies will not cover you. </li></ul></ul>
  82. 82. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>Even after a totally justifiable shooting, you can expect: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You may be arrested and held in jail for 48 hours </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Newspapers will report your name and that you were arrested for the shooting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You may have to post bail of at least $10,000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate legal costs of $5000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Total legal costs – minimum of $50,000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Face months or years of court appearances, follow up stories, photos in newspaper </li></ul></ul></ul>
  83. 83. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><ul><li>Criminal case may be immediately followed by civil action </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Change phone number to avoid harassing calls </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You and your family may be subject to gossip, ridicule, and insults </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kids at school calling your children’s parent a murderer. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lose friends and business associates who don’t want to associate with you </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulty sleeping </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appetite disorders </li></ul></ul></ul>
  84. 84. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><ul><li>Periods of self doubt & depression </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You and your family may avoid social interaction for fear of criticism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Business may suffer. People don’t want to do business with you. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impotence / Sexual dysfunction may occur </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Higher risk for drug problems, alcohol problems, and divorce </li></ul></ul></ul>
  85. 85. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><ul><li>Gun fighting is risky business. Even if you win, you lose. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The best gun fight is the one you do not participate in. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But as bad as Problems 2 & 3 are, if you are experiencing them, it means you are still alive. Losing problem 1 is not an option. Your loved ones are counting on you. </li></ul></ul>
  86. 86. Lesson 3 Legal Considerations <ul><li>Be sure to read up on the rest of the handouts in this lesson if you haven’t already. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NRA/ILA – Firearms Laws of California </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens’ Guide to Federal Firearms Laws </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guide to the Interstate Transportation of Firearms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Airline Transportation of Firearms </li></ul></ul></ul>
  87. 87. End of Lesson 3 Legal Considerations
  88. 88. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><li>The main purpose in carrying a concealed firearm is self protection. </li></ul><ul><li>You are only as safe as you train, and only 50% as effective under a stressful situation as you were on your best day of training. </li></ul><ul><li>You are no safer because you carry a gun than you are a musician because you own a violin. </li></ul>
  89. 89. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><li>Definitions: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concealment : A place to hide where you cannot be seen, but you can view your area of operation. It will not protect you from incoming projectiles. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cover : A place that will protect you from incoming projectiles. Cover may also conceal you from the view of your opponent. This gives you the best tactical advantage. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  90. 90. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shoot regularly. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not just target shooting at 7 yards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mix it up a little. Shoot single hand, weaver, isosceles, support hand, kneeling, from concealment or cover </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Draw from concealment with the type of clothing you normally wear. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Draw properly, learning the 5 steps of presentation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learn to shoot on the move </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Distance is your ally </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learn both tactical and emergency re-loads </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Set up a place to dry fire </li></ul></ul></ul>
  91. 91. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><li>Color Code of Mental Awareness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Condition White </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You are unaware of any threat in your immediate surroundings. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You are totally un-prepared for any threat. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You epitomize </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>exactly what the potential assailant is looking for. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You are having creative thoughts or planning your day as you drive to work. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You are shuffling along the sidewalk, head in the clouds, hands in pockets, whistling your favorite tune. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In condition white, you are completely vulnerable to attack that may have been avoidable by being more aware. When you are attacked in this state you are easily defeated. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Very difficult to mount any kind of defense from Condition White. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  92. 92. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><li>Condition Yellow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Best described as a relaxed alertness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You should always be in this condition providing that you aren’t asleep. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You are aware of your immediate surroundings and making minor adjustments as necessary. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  93. 93. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of Condition Yellow: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You know that a man is walking behind you. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A late model Ford truck with two males just pulled into a parking spot right next to where you are walking. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A woman and her two children just pulled into a parking spot ahead. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A couple holding hand is crossing from the other side street, approaching you. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An empty delivery van is parked two doors down from your house. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Your parking garage is poorly lit, and you cannot see in your back seat or under your car. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You are walking down the street appreciating the beautiful weather, but also aware of your surroundings. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  94. 94. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><li>In Condition Yellow you are relaxed, aware, and alert. </li></ul><ul><li>This is not a state of paranoia. You are simply aware of what is going on around you. </li></ul><ul><li>You are not prepared for any specific threat, and have not been alerted to any specific threat. </li></ul><ul><li>When in Yellow, you are difficult to attack because you see the attack coming and defend yourself in seconds. </li></ul>
  95. 95. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><li>Condition Orange </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This is a condition of a specific potential threat. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You are alerted to a specific potential threat. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You observe the situation and evaluate to determine if the potential threat is developing into a real threat. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  96. 96. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of Condition Orange: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The couple holding hands and crossing the street toward you suddenly break contact from each other and approach you from opposite directions. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The person sitting in the car next to yours exits his car as you approach your car. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The late model Ford truck with two young males suddenly pulls up behind you and follows you through 3 right turns. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You continue on your walking enjoying the beautiful weather while taking note of a potential threat and un-button your jacket. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  97. 97. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><ul><li>If you had been in Condition White you would have not have had a clue. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In Condition Orange you have identified a specific potential threat. You possibly made an evasive maneuver to minimize your exposure and maximize your tactical advantage. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You haven not presented a weapon yet because the specific potential threat may turn out to be harmless. Just a set of coincidences or it may be a predator that upon seeing your actions has decided that your actions may be that of someone who would not be an attractive target of opportunity. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From Condition Orange, you are ready to defend yourself or your loved ones. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  98. 98. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><li>Condition Red </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This is a condition of a specific real threat. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This is a real threat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The couples approaching you from opposite directions again shift their direction and follow you as you quickly dart across the street. The female places her hand on her purse and keeps it there as they converge on your flanks. You plan to run to a brick building for cover, draw your weapon to ready and shout STOP!! If they don’t stop and the woman produces a weapon, you will shoot her first. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  99. 99. <ul><ul><ul><li>The person exiting the vehicle as you change direction in your approach to the car, motions to another vehicle and two more men exit a vehicle parked a few cars away. As you turn and head back to the shopping center, they pursue, but then give up the chase as other shoppers appear in the parking garage. </li></ul></ul></ul>Lesson 4 Concealed Carry
  100. 100. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><ul><li>The late model Ford truck that has followed you through three consecutive right turns, rear ends you at the next stop light. The driver and passenger quickly exit their vehicle. One has a gun. You anticipated this problem and left plenty of distance between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you. A quick left turn of the wheel to the right and you accelerate around the corner. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  101. 101. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><ul><li>The delivery van driver pulls the van up to you and asks for directions. At a distance you give the directions but heard the rear doors open. Quickly gaining distance from the van you see two males with contact weapons quickly moving toward you. You draw your weapon and shoot the closest man to you. After all he has a knife. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How do you choose which assailant to take out first? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  102. 102. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><ul><li>In Condition Red, your observations and evaluation of the specific potential threat, leaves no doubt in your mind that the threat is real and dangerous. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You have already attempted to avoid the threat when it first appeared to you. You have formulated a plan of defense and are now carrying it out, and have set a mental trigger that will tell you when to deliver your defensive response. Your mental trigger is a “line in the sand”. If the threat crosses the line your response is already determined. There is no hesitation, as your response is instantaneous. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  103. 103. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><li>Condition Black </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The “line in the sand” has been crossed by your assailants and you are engaged in combat and delivering lethal force. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At this point your survival depends on the level of training you have received and your ability to control your mind. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This is where combat mind set insures your success. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The COMBAT MIND SET is the state of mind that replaces your astonishment of fear of a lethal confrontation with the knowledge and confidence that you have trained for this. </li></ul></ul>
  104. 104. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><ul><li>You expected it could happen at some time and here it is; and you are ready, willing, and able to handle it. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In lethal confrontations that you recognize from condition yellow and follow through to condition black, you most likely will not experience astonishment of body freezing fear. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  105. 105. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><ul><li>Your awareness, anticipation, concentration, controlled decision making, and actions do not allow any room for fear in your mind. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You cannot think about fear or the possibility of being killed because your training has kicked in and your COMBAT MIND SET has told you that you have a job to do. A job that must be done right and right now. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  106. 106. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><li>Concealed Carry Equipment & Weapon Retention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When thinking about concealed carry, we often think of the stuff like: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Choice of weapons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equipments like holsters, mags, flashlights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When to present your weapon etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How often do we think of Weapon Retention? </li></ul></ul>
  107. 107. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><li>Weapon retention in it’s broadest definition means keeping exclusive control over your weapon in your daily carry, leisure, or during a confrontation </li></ul>
  108. 108. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><li>Let’s take a look at types of weapon retention: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of Holsters for on body carry: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>On belt </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inside the waist band (IWB) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paddle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shoulder or Ankle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fanny Pack </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kydex vs Leather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retention or Non-Retention </li></ul></ul>
  109. 109. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><li>Off-Body Carry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Portfolio or Day-Timer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Purse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Briefcase </li></ul></ul></ul>What are the issues we face with these various methods?
  110. 110. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><li>If you are the only one aware that you carry, your chances of maintaining weapon retention is much higher. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clothes need to provide adequate cover without being “obvious.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IE: Heavy jacket in summer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>pocket of jacket obviously heavily weighted down </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shooting concealment type of vest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Any outfit combined with “Got Glock” hat. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  111. 111. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><ul><li>Dress Appropriate to the season, surroundings & your age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not carry in a place that requires constant touching or adjusting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What if you are carrying a backup weapon as well? Which one do you present in the event of an attack. </li></ul></ul>
  112. 112. Lesson 4 Concealed Carry <ul><li>There are no hard & fast answers. Only constant awareness and preparation. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember “Condition yellow.” </li></ul>
  113. 113. End of Lesson 4 Concealed Carry Please get your handguns out of your vehicles UNLOADED and bring them into class after break. Please adhere to all safety rules.
  114. 114. Lesson 5 Final Exam & Range Qualification <ul><li>Final Exam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20 questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Worth 5 points each </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need at least 14 of 20 correct to pass </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Open book / notes </li></ul></ul></ul>
  115. 115. Lesson 5 Final Exam & Range Qualification <ul><li>Range activities and qualification will happen after lunch. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be sure to write the time on your range map of when to be at the range. </li></ul></ul>
  116. 116. Let’s Shoot! This course was written and developed by RJR Training and is not to be copied or used without the permission of RJR Training.