The Creation of IsraelThe Creation of Israel
Explain the historical reasonsExplain the historical reasons
for the establishment of thefor the establishment of the
modern State of Israel in 1948modern State of Israel in 1948
Palestine is created out of the old OttomanPalestine is created out of the old Ottoman
Palestine is a significant piece of landPalestine is a significant piece of land
because of Jerusalem and it’s importance tobecause of Jerusalem and it’s importance to
Judaism, Islam, and ChristianityJudaism, Islam, and Christianity
Palestine was under British control afterPalestine was under British control after
World War IWorld War I
Before World War II most of the people livingBefore World War II most of the people living
in Palestine were Arabsin Palestine were Arabs
The Land and People of Palestine
The Jewish return to theThe Jewish return to the
Middle EastMiddle East
ZionistsZionists- people who felt the world’s Jews- people who felt the world’s Jews
deserved to return to a homeland in Zion, ordeserved to return to a homeland in Zion, or
those parts of Palestine where the Jewishthose parts of Palestine where the Jewish
people had lived in Biblical times.people had lived in Biblical times.
World War II begins, and Nazi Germany startsWorld War II begins, and Nazi Germany starts
a movement called anti-Semitisma movement called anti-Semitism
Anti-SemitismAnti-Semitism- hatred of the Jews simply- hatred of the Jews simply
because they practiced the Jewish faithbecause they practiced the Jewish faith
HolocaustHolocaust- a time when over 6 million- a time when over 6 million
European Jews were killed in concentrationEuropean Jews were killed in concentration
camps set up by Germany and manycamps set up by Germany and many
thousands of other Jews had to leave Europethousands of other Jews had to leave Europe
to avoid death.to avoid death.
Creation of IsraelCreation of Israel
After WWII, many countries feltAfter WWII, many countries felt
tremendous guilt over what took placetremendous guilt over what took place
during the Holocaust.during the Holocaust.
The newly formed United Nations feltThe newly formed United Nations felt
the same as many Jews that a Jewishthe same as many Jews that a Jewish
homeland should be created in thehomeland should be created in the
Middle East.Middle East.
In 1948, the United Nations voted toIn 1948, the United Nations voted to
create Israel in the country of Palestine,create Israel in the country of Palestine,
located in the Middle Eastlocated in the Middle East..
Conflict with IsraelConflict with Israel
Palestinian Arabs who were already living inPalestinian Arabs who were already living in
the area were not happy with this new idea ofthe area were not happy with this new idea of
Israel (a Jewish state).Israel (a Jewish state).
The Palestinians felt the United NationsThe Palestinians felt the United Nations
unfairly gave their land away, so they refusedunfairly gave their land away, so they refused
to acknowledge Israel.to acknowledge Israel.
In May 1948, a war broke out; Israel versusIn May 1948, a war broke out; Israel versus
Palestine and other Arab countries.Palestine and other Arab countries.
Israel won the war and ended up taking moreIsrael won the war and ended up taking more
land than originally planned.land than originally planned.
Pop QuizPop Quiz
1.1. Which describes the Holocaust?Which describes the Holocaust?
a.a. The murder of millions of EuropeanThe murder of millions of European
Jews during World War IIJews during World War II
b.b. The destruction of all EuropeanThe destruction of all European
governments during World War IIgovernments during World War II
c.c. The bombing of town and villages inThe bombing of town and villages in
England and Germany during WWIIEngland and Germany during WWII
d.d. The Russian policy of burning groundThe Russian policy of burning ground
behind them as they retreated to stopbehind them as they retreated to stop
the German invasion.the German invasion.
2. Why did so many countries in the2. Why did so many countries in the
United Nations feel it was right toUnited Nations feel it was right to
create Israel in 1948?create Israel in 1948?
a.a. There was no one else living on theThere was no one else living on the
land at the time.land at the time.
b.b. Many felt the Jews deserved help dueMany felt the Jews deserved help due
to their suffering in the Holocaust.to their suffering in the Holocaust.
c.c. Arab countries in the area supportedArab countries in the area supported
the creation of a homeland for thethe creation of a homeland for the
Jews in Palestine.Jews in Palestine.
d.d. All national groups in the formerAll national groups in the former
Ottoman Empire were being givenOttoman Empire were being given
homelands at the same time.homelands at the same time.
3. What is Zionism?3. What is Zionism?
a.a. The idea that all religious groupsThe idea that all religious groups
should have their own states.should have their own states.
b.b. The plan to let Arabs and Jews shareThe plan to let Arabs and Jews share
the land in Palestine equallythe land in Palestine equally
c.c. The hope that all governments will beThe hope that all governments will be
based on religious principles.based on religious principles.
d.d. The belief that Jews deserved toThe belief that Jews deserved to
return to a homeland in Zion wherereturn to a homeland in Zion where
they had lived in biblical times.they had lived in biblical times.
4. What world organization created the4. What world organization created the
new state of Israel in 1948 as anew state of Israel in 1948 as a
homeland for the Jews?homeland for the Jews?
a.a. The United NationsThe United Nations
b.b. The European UnionThe European Union
c.c. The League of NationsThe League of Nations
d.d. The Organization of PetroleumThe Organization of Petroleum
Exporting CountriesExporting Countries
5. How did Arabs living in Palestine in5. How did Arabs living in Palestine in
1948 feel about the creation of the1948 feel about the creation of the
new state of Israel?new state of Israel?
a.a. They supported it fully.They supported it fully.
b.b. They rejected it as unfair to them.They rejected it as unfair to them.
c.c. The Arab population in Palestine wasThe Arab population in Palestine was
largely unaffected by the new state.largely unaffected by the new state.
d.d. They agreed to try to work it outThey agreed to try to work it out
although they were unhappy aboutalthough they were unhappy about
the decision.the decision.
6. When war broke out in Palestine, what6. When war broke out in Palestine, what
countries joined with the Palestiniancountries joined with the Palestinian
Arabs to try to stop the creation of theArabs to try to stop the creation of the
new state of Israel?new state of Israel?
a.a. The United StatesThe United States
b.b. Neighboring Arab countriesNeighboring Arab countries
c.c. The major nations of EuropeThe major nations of Europe
d.d. The countries belonging to the UnitedThe countries belonging to the United
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