U.S. presence and interest in
Southwest Asia
Persian Gulf conflict
Invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq
U.S. and the Middle East
• The U.S. has had a significant political and
economic interests in the Middle East
since the 18...
U.S. & Oil in the Middle East
Persian Gulf War
Operation Desert Storm
• August 1990, Iraq invades Kuwait to control Kuwait’s
large supplies of oil.
• Ir...
War on Terror: Afghanistan
• In 2001, after the destruction of 9/11, the U.S. launched
a military operation aimed at the c...
Invasion of Iraq
Operation Iraqi Freedom
• 2003- U.S. invaded Iraq after claiming Saddam
Hussein and the Iraqi government ...
Pop Quiz
1. What is the United States’ main
economic interest in Southwest Asia?
a. Oil
b. Tourism
c. Trade routes
d. Sell...
2. Why did the United Nations try to stop
Iraq from taking over Kuwait in 1990?
a. The United Nations wanted to destroy
th...
3. Who are the “Taliban”?
a. The government of Iraq
b. The government of Kuwait
c. A group of radical Muslims
d. A part of...
4. Why did the United States bomb and invade
Afghanistan in 2001?
a. Afghanistan invaded the country of Kuwait and
threate...
5. Why did the United States go to war
against Iraq in 2003?
a. Iraq was threatening Afghanistan with
nuclear weapons
b. T...
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Persian gulf war,etc

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Persian gulf war,etc

  1. 1. U.S. presence and interest in Southwest Asia Persian Gulf conflict Invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq
  2. 2. U.S. and the Middle East • The U.S. has had a significant political and economic interests in the Middle East since the 1800’s. • Huge supplies of oil are found in the Middle East area; oil that is very important to the United States and its energy supplies.
  3. 3. U.S. & Oil in the Middle East
  4. 4. Persian Gulf War Operation Desert Storm • August 1990, Iraq invades Kuwait to control Kuwait’s large supplies of oil. • Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein, claims that Kuwait was taking more than their share of oil from shared fields and Hussein also claims that Kuwait should have been part of Iraq when the Ottoman Empire was broken apart. • Since Kuwait was apart of the United Nations, the UN decided to come to the aid of Kuwait with military force and drive out Hussein and Iraqi forces. • The United States joined the cause because the US gets large amounts of imported oil from Kuwait. • 39 other nations joined the effort against Iraq, and within 3 months, Feb. 1991, a truce was made and Iraq withdrew from Kuwait.
  5. 5. War on Terror: Afghanistan • In 2001, after the destruction of 9/11, the U.S. launched a military operation aimed at the capturing the people responsible for the terrorists attacks. • U.S. intelligence sources believed that Al-Qaeda, or the Force, was the group that planned and carried out the 9/11 attacks. • Al-Qaeda was led by Osama Bin Laden, who was believed to have financed and planned the attacks on 9/11. • U.S. sources believed that the Taliban, radical Muslim government of Afghanistan, allowed Al-Qaeda to live, hide, and train in the mountains of Afghanistan. • October 2001, the U.S. launched attacks on mountain hideouts in Afghanistan in an attempt to capture Osama Bin Laden and destroy Al-Qaeda. • With U.S. military assistance the Taliban government in Afghanistan collapsed and U.S. troops are still there fighting today to secure the country and allow for reorganization of the Afghan government.
  6. 6. Invasion of Iraq Operation Iraqi Freedom • 2003- U.S. invaded Iraq after claiming Saddam Hussein and the Iraqi government was developing nuclear weapons and helping terrorist groups like Al-Qaeda • Saddam Hussein’s government collapsed quickly because his own people felt he was a cruel leader. • U.S. troops are still in Iraq today trying to control the fighting between different ethnic and religious groups who are competing for power in Iraq as a new government is being installed.
  7. 7. Pop Quiz 1. What is the United States’ main economic interest in Southwest Asia? a. Oil b. Tourism c. Trade routes d. Selling American-made products
  8. 8. 2. Why did the United Nations try to stop Iraq from taking over Kuwait in 1990? a. The United Nations wanted to destroy the country of Iraq b. The only job of the United Nations is military action around the world c. The economies of many countries depend on oil and Iraq’s actions threatened that supply d. The United Nations has to intervene whenever any member nation has a conflict with another country.
  9. 9. 3. Who are the “Taliban”? a. The government of Iraq b. The government of Kuwait c. A group of radical Muslims d. A part of the United Nations
  10. 10. 4. Why did the United States bomb and invade Afghanistan in 2001? a. Afghanistan invaded the country of Kuwait and threatened the United States supply of oil b. The United Nations asked the United States to overthrow the Taliban government of Afghanistan. c. The United States was afraid that Afghanistan was working to develop nuclear weapons and they wanted to put a stop to the program. d. They believed the government was offering safety to al-Qaeda, the organization that attacked the United States on September 11, 2001
  11. 11. 5. Why did the United States go to war against Iraq in 2003? a. Iraq was threatening Afghanistan with nuclear weapons b. The United Nations believed Iraq was about to invade Kuwait a second time. c. Iraqi troops launched an attack on Saudi Arabia, a close ally of the United States d. The United States government saw the Iraqi leader, Saddam Hussein, as a threat to peace and United States interest in the region.
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