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20101123 globalreport slides_chapter4_em

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  • 1. Table 4.1 (1/2)Treatment coverage for adults and children, 2009 (2006 and 2010 WHO guidelines)Coverage of antiretroviral therapy among adults and children in 25 countries with the most people living with HIV, 2009based on 2006 and 2010 WHO guidelines. a Point estimates published for countries with generalized epidemics only. b Estimates of the number of people needing antiretroviral therapy are currently being reviewed and will be adjusted, as appropriate, based on ongoing data collection and analysis. c The coverage estimates are based on the estimated unrounded numbers of adults receiving antiretroviral therapy and the estimated unrounded need for antiretroviral therapy (based on UNAIDS/WHO methods). The ranges in coverage estimates are based on plausibility bounds in the denominator: that is, low and igh estimates of need. The estimates are standardized for comparability according to UNAIDS/WHO methods. d The coverage estimates are based on the estimated unrounded numbers of children receiving antiretroviral therapy and the estimated unrounded need for antiretroviral therapy (based on UNAIDS/WHO methods). The ranges in coverage estimates are based on plausibility bounds in the denominator: that is, low and high estimates of need. e Data for antiretroviral therapy coverage for adults in Sudan are not available for 2009.Source: Country Progress Reports 2010 and UNAIDS estimates.
  • 2. Table 4.1 (2/2)Treatment coverage for adults and children, 2009 (2006 and 2010 WHO guidelines)Coverage of antiretroviral therapy among adults and children in 25 countries with the most people living with HIV, 2009based on 2006 and 2010 WHO guidelines. a Point estimates published for countries with generalized epidemics only. b Estimates of the number of people needing antiretroviral therapy are currently being reviewed and will be adjusted, as appropriate, based on ongoing data collection and analysis. c The coverage estimates are based on the estimated unrounded numbers of adults receiving antiretroviral therapy and the estimated unrounded need for antiretroviral therapy (based on UNAIDS/WHO methods). The ranges in coverage estimates are based on plausibility bounds in the denominator: that is, low and igh estimates of need. The estimates are standardized for comparability according to UNAIDS/WHO methods. d The coverage estimates are based on the estimated unrounded numbers of children receiving antiretroviral therapy and the estimated unrounded need for antiretroviral therapy (based on UNAIDS/WHO methods). The ranges in coverage estimates are based on plausibility bounds in the denominator: that is, low and high estimates of need. e Data for antiretroviral therapy coverage for adults in Sudan are not available for 2009.Source: Country Progress Reports 2010 and UNAIDS estimates.
  • 3. Figure 4.1Adult retention in antiretroviral therapy in selected countries,0–48 months, 2009Source: WHO Towards Universal Access 2010.
  • 4. Figure 4.2Coverage of TB services among people living with HIV, 2009Coverage services aimed to reduce the burden of TB among 1000 people living with HIV globally.Source: UNAIDS estimates, WHO Towards Universal Access 2010 and WHO Global TB Control Report 2010.
  • 5. Figure 4.3Coverage of HIV services among people with TB, 2009Coverage of services aimed to reduce the burden of HIV among 1000 people with TB globally, 2009.Source: WHO Global TB Control Report 2010.
  • 6. Figure 4.4Five pillars of Treatment 2.0
  • 7. Figure 4.5Antiretroviral therapy and TB incidence in BotswanaReported incidence of TB and number of people receiving antiretroviral therapy in Botswana, 1990–2007.Source: Ministry of Health, Botswana.
  • 8. Figure 4.6Antiretroviral therapy and mortality, Northwest Province, South AfricaNumber of people ever receiving antiretroviral therapy and annual number of deathsby age group, Northwest Province, South Africa, 1997–2007.Source: Ministry of Health, South Africa.
  • 9. Table 4.2 (1/5)Adult life-years gained by antiretroviral therapyAdult life years gained due to antiretroviral therapy in 25 countries with the highest number of persons living with HIV.Source: UNAIDS estimates, WHO Towards Universal Access Report 2010 and WHO Global TB Control Report 2010.
  • 10. Table 4.2 (2/5)Adult life-years gained by antiretroviral therapyAdult life years gained due to antiretroviral therapy in 25 countries with the highest number of persons living with HIV.Source: UNAIDS estimates, WHO Towards Universal Access Report 2010 and WHO Global TB Control Report 2010.
  • 11. Table 4.2 (3/5)Adult life-years gained by antiretroviral therapyAdult life years gained due to antiretroviral therapy in 25 countries with the highest number of persons living with HIV.Source: UNAIDS estimates, WHO Towards Universal Access Report 2010 and WHO Global TB Control Report 2010.
  • 12. Table 4.2 (4/5)Adult life-years gained by antiretroviral therapyAdult life years gained due to antiretroviral therapy in 25 countries with the highest number of persons living with HIV.Source: UNAIDS estimates, WHO Towards Universal Access Report 2010 and WHO Global TB Control Report 2010.
  • 13. Table 4.2 (5/5)Adult life-years gained by antiretroviral therapyAdult life years gained due to antiretroviral therapy in 25 countries with the highest number of persons living with HIV.Source: UNAIDS estimates, WHO Towards Universal Access Report 2010 and WHO Global TB Control Report 2010.
  • 14. Figure 4.7Access to home-based careAssessment by governments as to whether most people in need have access to home-based care.Source: Country Progress Reports 2010.
  • 15. Figure 4.8Availability of palliative careAssessment by governments as to whether most people in need have access to palliative care.Source: Country Progress Reports 2010.
  • 16. Figure 4.9Types of care and support work performed by volunteersTypes of care and support work for people living with HIV performed by 1366 volunteer caregiversinterviewed in Cameroon, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda.Source: Compensation for Contributions: report on interviews with volunteer caregivers in six countries. Hairu Commissionand Community Agency for Social Enquiry, Sept 2009.
  • 17. Figure 4.10Trends in support for orphans and vulnerable children, 2005 to 2010Changes in the coverage of support services for orphans and vulnerable childrenin three countries with high HIV prevalence, 2005 to 2010. Per cent of children whose births are registered Proportion of households with orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) that receive free basic external support in caring for the childrenProportion of OVC that have three, locally defined basic needs met compared to non-OVC Proportion of OVC receiving appropriate psychosocial support Proportion of OVC receiving normal meals compared to non-OVCHealthcare access for OVC compared to non-OVCSchool attendance of OVC compared to non-OVCSource: World Vision.