Capital: LondonOfficial language: English (de facto)Recognised regional languages: Irish,Ulster Scots, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh,CornishEthnic groups: 92.1% White4.0% South Asian2.0% Black1.2% Mixed0.4% Chinese0.4% OtherArea: 244,820 km2Population: 61,113,205
Government: Parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy Monarch: Queen Elizabeth II Prime Minister: David CameronLegislature: Parliament Upper House: House of Lords Lower House: House of CommonsFormation:• Magna Carta• Petition of Rights• Bill of Right
• The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK, or as Britain) is a sovereign state located off the north-western coast of continental Europe.• It is an island country including: Great Britain, the north-eastern part of Ireland, and many small islands.• The UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel and the Irish Sea.• The largest island, Great Britain, is linked to France by the Channel Tunnel.
• The UK has fourteen overseas territories • All remnants of the British Empire, which at its height in 1922 encompassed almost a quarter of the worlds land surface, the largest empire in history. • British influence can continue to be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies.
The UK is a developed country, with the Sixthlargest economy.It was the worlds first industrialised countryThe decline of its empire in the latter half of the20th century diminished its leading role inglobal affairs.The UK remains a major power with strongeconomic, cultural, military, scientific and politicalinfluence. It is a nuclear power.It is a Member State of the European Union.
• The physical geography of the UK varies greatly.• The geography of England consists of lowland terrain, with mountainous terrain north-west of the Tees-Exe line.• The geography of Scotland is distinguished by the very large mountainous regions in the north and lowlands in the south. • Most of Scotland’s population lives in the south.• The geography of Wales is mostly mountainous. The geography of Ireland is also mostly mountainous.
River ThamesThe River Thames flows through southernEnglandIt is the second largest river in the UKBest known river in the UK– Flows directly through LondonTotal length: 346 kmBeen a major source of life for allcivilizations that have lived in Britian.
River SevernLargest River in the UK– 354 kilometersFlows from Wales to Britain.– Ends in the Bristol Channel
The Scottish HighlandsVery few people live in this areaHighest section of land in the UKIncludes the highest mountains in UK– Ben Nevis: Highest mountain in UK 1,344 metres High
Review QuestionsWhere is the highest part of the UKWhat is the longest river in UK? Where isit? How long is it?Tell me about the River ThamesDescribe the physical geography of UK.Describe the Economy of the UK.Compare the UK geography to Ukraine’s.Do you feel the Geography of the UK hada role in how powerful it became?
In-class activitiesMatching activity– Match descriptions with parts of geoVocabulary Review/testFill in the blank/table– They have to fill in a sheet with the information they learnedPictionary– Using geo of UKWE USED-Jeperdy
HomeworkCompare the physical geography ofEngland with Ukraine’s.– What are similarities and differences.– What role did physical geography play in the formation of how the country is today? Ex. How did physical geography affect the power of the country today… how did it affect its economy?
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.