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Comparisons

Comparisons

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Comparisons Comparisons Presentation Transcript

  • Teacher Resource Disc Slide shows for use with PowerPoint presentation software Betty Schrampfer Azar Stacy A. Hagen Laurette Poulos Simmons Copyright © 2007 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • CONTENTS 16-1 Comparisons: using the same ( as ) , similar (to),… 16-2 Comparisons: using like and alike 16-3 The comparative: using -er and more 16-4 The superlative: using -est and most 16-5 Using one of + superlative + plural noun 16-6 Using but 16-7 Using verbs after but 16-8 Making comparisons with adverbs
  • Maura and Laura are the same. 16-1 COMPARISONS: USING THE SAME ( AS ) , SIMILAR ( TO ), AND DIFFERENT (FROM)
  • THE SAME (AS) Maura Laura Maura and Laura are the same . Maura is the same as Laura. 16-1 COMPARISONS: USING THE SAME ( AS ) , SIMILAR ( TO ), AND DIFFERENT (FROM)
  • SIMILAR (TO) Nan Jan Nan and Jan are similar . Nan is similar to Jan. 16-1 COMPARISONS: USING THE SAME ( AS ) , SIMILAR ( TO ), AND DIFFERENT (FROM)
  • DIFFERENT (FROM) Elias Hannah Elias and Hannah are different . Elias is different from Hannah. 16-1 COMPARISONS: USING THE SAME ( AS ) , SIMILAR ( TO ), AND DIFFERENT (FROM)
  • A E D C B F D is ___________ A. 16-1 Let’s Practice the same (as) similar (to) different (from) different from
  • A E D C B F B is ___________ E. 16-1 Let’s Practice the same (as) similar (to) different (from) the same as
  • A E D C B F C is _________F. 16-1 Let’s Practice the same (as) similar (to) different (from) similar to
  • Your bag is like my bag. 16-2 COMPARISONS: USING LIKE AND ALIKE
  • (a) Your bag is like my bag. (b) Your bag and my bag are alike . (c) Our bags are alike . I have a brown bag with two straps. You have a brown bag with two straps. like = similar to alike = similar same meaning 16-2 COMPARISONS: USING LIKE AND ALIKE
    • Your bag is like my bag.
    • (b) Your bag and my bag are alike .
    This + be + like + that. 16-2 COMPARISONS: USING LIKE AND ALIKE This and that + be + alike .
  • Adelle and Arthur have similar cars. In other words, their cars are _____. alike Adelle’s car Arthur’s car 16-2 Let’s Practice like alike
  • A bus is ____ a train in some ways. like a bus a train 16-2 Let’s Practice like alike
  • These girls are sisters. They look ____. alike 16-2 Let’s Practice like alike
  • Nicola is taller than Bradley. 16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE
  • (a) Nicola is taller than Bradley. Nicola is more tall than Bradley. ? 16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE
  • (b) Happiness is more important than money. Happiness is importanter than money. ? 16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE
  • (a) Nicola is taller than Bashir. (b) Happiness is more important than money. 16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE To compare two persons or things: -er more + than adjective +
  • ier ier funn prett er g y y ADJECTIVES WITH ONE SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES THAT END IN - Y ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE big cheap old funny pretty big cheap old er er 16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE
  • better worse farther/further more famous more important more interesting ADJECTIVES WITH TWO OR MORE SYLLABLES IRREGULAR COMPARATIVE FORMS famous important interesting good bad far 16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE
  • Ivana is ____ than Paris. older Ivana 19 Paris 17 Justine 15 16-3 Let’s Practice old
  • Family is _____________ than money. more important 16-3 Let’s Practice important
  • The woman with the smile looks ______ than the woman with the frown. happier 16-3 Let’s Practice happy
  • We have a big family. My brother is older than me. Grandpa is the oldest of all. 16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST Me My brother
  • (a) COMPARATIVE My brother is older than me. (b) SUPERLATIVE Grandpa is the oldest of all. 16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST
  • older bigger ADJECTIVES WITH ONE SYLLABLE old big the oldest the biggest 16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
  • ADJECTIVES THAT END IN -Y 16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE pretty easy prettier easier prettiest easiest
  • more expensive more important ADJECTIVES WITH TWO OR MORE SYLLABLES ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE expensive important 16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST the most expensive the most important
  • the best the worst the farthest/ furthest IRREGULAR FORMS ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE good bad far better worse farther/ further 16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST
  • Justine is ______ than Paris. Ivana is the ____________ the sisters. tallest of all Ivana Paris Justine 16-4 Let’s Practice tall taller
  • A good bicycle is expensive. A motorcycle is more expensive. A car is ______________________. the most expensive (of all) 16-4 Let’s Practice expensive
  • A horse is ________than a dog. An elephant is __________ of all. the heaviest 16-4 Let’s Practice heavy heavier
  • Kyung is one of the cutest babies I know. 16-5 USING ONE OF + SUPERLATIVE + PLURAL NOUN
  • (a) Kyung is one of the cutest babies I know. (b) Angel Falls is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the world. (c) Jackson is one of the best students in school. one of + superlative + plural noun 16-5 USING ONE OF + SUPERLATIVE + PLURAL NOUN
  • Tahiti beautiful places in the world most 16-5 Let’s Practice _________ is one of the __________________ ______________. Tahiti most beautiful places in the world
  • 16-5 Let’s Practice Bo’s Barbeque in this town restaurants worst ____________ is one of the ______________ _________________. Bo’s Barbecue worst restaurants in this town
  • _____________ is one of the ______________ _________________. 16-5 Let’s Practice The Eiffel Tower tallest buildings in the world buildings the Eiffel Tower tallest in France
  • Janet is sad, but Kendall is happy. 16-6 USING BUT
  • (a) Janet is sad , but Kendall is happy. (b) He likes classical music, but she likes jazz. but = “This is the opposite of that.” but , , , 16-6 USING BUT
  • Imelda is tall, but Jana is _____. short 16-6 Let’s Practice thirsty short difficult funny delicious
  • The first test was easy, but this test is _________ . difficult 16-6 Let’s Practice thirsty short difficult funny delicious
  • The dinner wasn’t very good, but the dessert was ________. delicious 16-6 Let’s Practice thirsty short difficult funny delicious
  • Kendall is happy, but Janet isn’t. 16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT
  • (a) Kendall is happy, but Janet isn’t . (b) Giraffes are tall, but lions aren’t . (c) I was reading, but Lea wasn’t . (d) Ali rides a bike, but Lisa doesn’t . 16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT AFFIRMATIVE + but + NEGATIVE VERB VERB
  • (e) They like candy, but we don’t . (f) Jay brought gum, but Alexi didn’t . (g) Adults can cook, but babies can’t . (h) Ann will jump rope, but Janet won’t . 16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT AFFIRMATIVE + but + NEGATIVE VERB VERB
  • NEGATIVE + but + AFFIRMATIVE VERB VERB (i) Janet isn’t happy, but Kendall is . (j) Lions aren’t tall, but giraffes are . (k) Ana wasn’t reading, but I was . (l) Lisa doesn’t sing, but Ali does. 16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT
  • (m) We don’t like tea, but they do . (n) Alexi didn’t laugh, but Ramona did . (o) Babies can’t cook, but adults can . (p) Janet won’t play, but Zoe will . 16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT NEGATIVE + but + AFFIRMATIVE VERB VERB
  • Kendall is happy, but Janet isn’t . Kendall is happy, but Janet isn’t happy. but shortened verb phrase 16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT
  • This dog is on a leash, but that dog ____. isn’t 16-7 Let’s Practice
  • Yung won’t go on an airplane, but her friend ___. will 16-7 Let’s Practice
  • Some people love pet goldfish, but I ____. don’t 16-7 Let’s Practice
  • Jake works harder than Hal (does). 16-8 MAKING COMPARISONS WITH ADVERBS
  • SUPERLATIVE adverbs ending in - ly the most the most the most (a) Jamie works more quickly than Pat (does). (b) Ben works the most quickly of all . COMPARATIVE adverbs ending in - ly carefully neatly slowly more more more 16-8 MAKING COMPARISONS WITH ADVERBS COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
  • (c) Angie works faster than Debbie (does). (d) Melissa works the fastest of all . 16-8 MAKING COMPARISONS WITH ADVERBS COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE hard , fast , early , late - er and - est with irregular adverbs
  • (e) Most people sing better than I (do). (f) Steve sings the best of all . 16-8 MAKING COMPARISONS WITH ADVERBS COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE better best forms of well
  • Sully had a good score on the English test. COMPARATIVE Merna had a ______ score. SUPERLATIVE Paula had _______ score of all. better the best Sully 75% English Test Merna 88% Paula 100% 16-8 Let’s Practice
  • COMPARATIVE I have to get up _______ on Tuesday. SUPERLATIVE I have to get up _________ on Friday. I have to get up early on Monday. earliest earlier 16-8 Let’s Practice the
  • Simone can run quickly . COMPARATIVE Majid can run ____________. SUPERLATIVE Larry can run _______________ of all. the more quickly 16-8 Let’s Practice most quickly
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    PHOTO CREDITS